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Disabilities or Differences?

Disabilities or Differences?

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Disabilities or Differences?

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  1. Disabilities or Differences? D.C. Everest Junior High Nicole Held student

  2. What exactly is a disability? • Disability: Someone who has a physical or mental/brain problem that affects his or her ability to do normal activities, such as reading, behavior, speech, hearing, spelling, memory, math and more student

  3. So, are disabilities really disabilities or a difference in the way we learn? student

  4. IEP • A legal document stating how you are doing in school, lists the goals you are working on, and tells about the modifications and accommodations you need to do well. student

  5. SLD: Specific Learning Differences People with learning disabilities have average to above average intelligence. They have problems in a wide range of learning and/or social difficulties. (Understanding or remembering speaking, writing, reading, listening, spelling, mathematics, social information, emotional maturation, processing information, organization of things, time and/or space • brain "processes" information differently student

  6. More LD Info • You might be just as smart as someone sitting next to you in class, but your grades in certain areas aren't as good. This isn't because you are dumb, lazy, or anything else bad. You just learn differently. • It is like when you go on a car trip and get stuck in road construction. It takes you a lot longer to get where you are going. student

  7. Some questions • Are all LD students alike?No. But many LD students experience very similar processing and learning difficulties. And all LD students get frustrated in school. • Will I ever get over my learning disability?A true learning disability never goes away. But, with understanding and effort you can learn to use your many strengths to "compensate" for your weaker processing skills. You may also be able to strengthen your weak processing skills so that your learning disability is not as severe. Many LD people are highly creative and "gifted" in many ways. student

  8. Some types of SLDs • Dyslexia is simply a fancy word for a learning disability that involves reading. • Other similar terms include Dysgraphia (writing disability) and Dyscalcula (math disability). student

  9. Some of the causes • Birth trauma • Heredity • Lead poisoning • Accidents • Incomplete programming: child does not have enough opportunity to practice student

  10. CD: Cognitive Disability • Cognitive disabilities can be many different things. Because of this, the definition of CD remains wide. • Have great difficulty in one or more thinking tasks, problems with life skills, and academic skills. • A few reasons a person may have a cognitive disability are: • Medical Injury (cancer, brain surgeries. Etc) • Traumatic brain injury • Neurological Impairments • Genetic Disorders’ • Birth Trauma student

  11. Some Types of CD • Down’s Syndrome • Williams Syndrome • Traumatic Brain Injury • Sachs Disease • PKU (Phenylketonuria) • Fragile X • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome student

  12. SL: Speech and Language • Problems in communication and related areas such as oral motor function. • These range from simple sound substitutions to the inability to understand or use language or use the oral-motor mechanism. • Some causes of speech and language disorders include hearing loss, neurological disorders, brain injury, drug abuse, physical impairments such as cleft lip or palate, and vocal abuse or misuse. • Frequently, however, the cause is unknown. student

  13. More Speech and Language • A language disorder is an impairment in the ability to understand and/or use words in context, both verbally and nonverbally. • Some characteristics of language disorders include improper use of words and their meanings, inability to express ideas, inappropriate grammatical patterns, reduced vocabulary and inability to follow directions. student

  14. EBD: Emotional Behavioral Disorders • Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings, unable to control actions, mood of unhappiness or depression, a tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems • Two parts: Emotional and Behavioral • Emotional Disability refers to things such as Depression, Bi-polar Disorder, Anxiety Disorders, and Obsessive Compulsive Dis. • Behavioral Disorders can be things such as Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorders, and Tourette’s. student

  15. EBD Cont. • An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory or healthfactors • An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers; • Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances; • A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression; and, • A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or socialproblems. student

  16. OHI: Other Health Impairment • Chronic or frequent health problems such as asthma, severe ADHD, diabetes, epilepsy, heart condition, leukemia, and sickle cell anemia; that affects how the child does in school. • Could also be orthopedic issues such as Cerebral Palsy or Spina Bifida student

  17. ADHD and ADD Inattention • difficulty attending or focusing on a specific task. People may become distracted within a matter of minutes. Inattentive behavior may also cause difficulties with staying organized (e.g. losing things), keeping track of time, completing tasks, and making careless errors. Hyperactivity • difficulty controlling behavior. These people are in constant motion. They may engage in excessive fiddling, leg swinging, and squirming in their chair. Impulsivity • difficulty controlling impulses. These people do not stop and think before they act. They say and do whatever comes into their mind without thinking about the consequences. They might say something inappropriate and regret it later, blurt out a response to question before a person is done speaking to them, or have difficulty waiting for their turn in line. student

  18. Autism • Problems with social interaction, communication, development of restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. • Diagnosed normally before age three. • Characteristics often associated with autism are repetitive activities, resistance to change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences, lack of social skills, communication problems. • "Autism" is a lifelong developmental disability. student

  19. Affects of Autism • Behavior can interferes with the learning in the following areas: (1.) Communication (2.) Social participation (3.) Activities, interests, and imaginative development(4.) Developmental rate and sequences (5.) Sensory processing(6.) Cognition/Academics student