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Many farmers had no land. Many farmers were poor. Poor farmers experienced hunger, mistreatment, and exploitation. PowerPoint Presentation
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Many farmers had no land. Many farmers were poor. Poor farmers experienced hunger, mistreatment, and exploitation.

Many farmers had no land. Many farmers were poor. Poor farmers experienced hunger, mistreatment, and exploitation.

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Many farmers had no land. Many farmers were poor. Poor farmers experienced hunger, mistreatment, and exploitation.

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  1. Many farmers had no land. Many farmers were poor. Poor farmers experienced hunger, mistreatment, and exploitation. E. Napp

  2. A few wealthy families owned most of Mexico’s land. E. Napp

  3. To make matters worse, the Mexican government was headed by a dictator. E. Napp

  4. Porfirio Diaz became dictator in 1876. He ordered the executions of opponents, favored the wealthy, and encouraged foreign investments. E. Napp

  5. He did not, however, help the poor. E. Napp

  6. Francisco Madero was a reformer. He advocated democracy and change. E. Napp

  7. Madero called for an uprising on November 20, 1910 when Diaz would not allow free elections. E. Napp

  8. But some people wanted more than democracy. They wanted a redistribution of land. They wanted “tierra y libertad” or land and freedom. E. Napp

  9. Emiliano Zapata encouraged small groups of peasant farmers to raid properties of large landowners. Emiliano Zapata wanted land redistribution. E. Napp

  10. By 1910, small groups of poor farmers began raiding the properties of large landowners. E. Napp

  11. Francisco “Pancho” Villa led revolutionaries in the northern part of Mexico while Zapata led an army in the south. E. Napp

  12. By 1911, Madero was being harassed by the military and the wealthy but farmers who wanted land reform continued to fight. E. Napp

  13. General Victoriano Huerta sided with the wealthy landowners and with the support of the army had Madero killed and took over the government in 1913. E. Napp

  14. But with the help from U.S. President Wilson, the revolutionaries forced Huerta to resign in 1914. E. Napp

  15. By 1917, a constitution for a new democratic government was drawn up. In addition, the government took over large plantations and mines. E. Napp

  16. Land was divided among the poor and a free public education plan was set up but large gaps between the rich and poor remained. E. Napp

  17. The revolution had brought change but it had not changed everything. E. Napp