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Wind Energy in Ireland

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Wind Energy in Ireland

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  1. Wind Energy in Ireland Michael Walsh Irish Wind Energy Association

  2. Overview • Ireland’s Resource • Ireland’s Energy System • Achieving High Renewable Penetration • Observations for the Future

  3. Resources & Capabilities

  4. Wind Generation Costs

  5. Ardnacrusha 1927

  6. Thermal Unit

  7. Wind Unit

  8. Household electricity prices, 2007 Source: Eurostat

  9. Irish Power System • Transmission Stations 113 • 110kV Feeders 3848 km* • 220kV Feeders 1729 km* • 400kV Feeders 439 km* • 3 Interconnections to NIE

  10. ROI Targets • 16% of energy to come from renewables by 2020 • 40% of electricity to come from renewables by 2020

  11. Wind Energy in Ireland Today and IWEA projections for 2020 *2,000 MW for export to UK

  12. System Demand from Wind

  13. Achieving 40% Wind • Finance • Grid • Planning • System Integration • Community

  14. Achieving 40% Wind • Finance • Grid • Planning • System Integration • Community

  15. Finance • Support Systems are driving development in Ireland and most of the EU • Feed in Tariff in Ireland provides a floor of €75/MWhr • ROC System in UK provides top up revenue of £50/MWhr • Market Integration is a policy priority • Market Structures under pressure with new power systems • More capital intensive cost base • Low marginal generation costs • More risk sensitive finance providers

  16. Trend in Average Daily SMP

  17. Stabilise Policy • Difficult credit environment • Clarity is essential • Regulatory systems and market design should promote market certainty • Scope to improve BES scheme

  18. Achieving 40% Wind • Finance • Grid • Planning • System Integration • Community

  19. Areas Outside Standards in 2010

  20. 2013 to 2016

  21. €4 bn Developing the Grid - Grid25 2,200 km Upgrades 1,150 km New Build €4 billion

  22. Reinforcement Corridors *

  23. EirGrid Off-Shore Grid Study

  24. Achieving 40% Wind • Finance • Grid • Planning • System Integration • Community

  25. Planning • Expiring permissions • European Directives

  26. Expiring Permissions • Long lead time for Grid Connections • Planning Consents typically expire after 5 years • NI system requires Grid applicants to have a planning permission

  27. Overview • Ireland and New Zealand • International Factors • Ireland’s Energy System • Achieving High Renewable Penetration • Observations for the Future

  28. Observations • A long term energy strategy is a necessary first step • Markets need to value the full energy product • Energy • Secure supply • Price stability • Strategic Energy Security • Carbon Costs and Benefits • System Operation with large wind is achievable

  29. Observations • Consistent application of a strategy between agencies is a make or break factor • Other industries are impacted web farms, supply chain etc. • Copenhagen is not the end of the process on international agreement • Community and society involvement essential

  30. www.iwea.com