BAN-PT Indonesian National Accreditation Agency for Higher Education -- Country Report AdilBasukiAhza Executive Secretary and Board Member The National Accreditation Agency for Higher Education (BAN-PT)-Indonesia) Gd D Lt 1 Kompl Depdiknas. Jln. Fatmawati-Cipete. Jakarta Selatan 12410. Tel. 021-7668790, 7668791,75913561,7698035. Fax: 021-7668690,7668790 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. URL http://ban-pt.depdiknas.go.id Presented before The Roundtable Meeting of Quality Assurance Agencies of the Organization of Islamic Conference Member Countries, The Legend Hotel-Kuala Lumpur, Nov 13-15,2009
I. A Brief Profile of the Higher Education System in Indonesia • Main Policy • Higher education providers, • Access to higher education
II. A brief Profile of the National Assurance Agency in Indonesia • Establishment • Authority and ownership • Organizational Structure
II. 1&2. Indonesian HEs’ EQA: Establishment, Authority &Ownership • EQAA for HEs: • BAN-PT (Established in 1994) • EQAA for School & Madrasahs • BAN-S/M (Established 2006) • Non formal Education • BAN-PNF (Established 2006) • National Education Standard Agency (Normative body to set up standards)
Authority and Ownership • Established and funded by the Government: as Independent Agencies • Fully Funded by the government as Independent Bodies and responsible only to the Minister of National Education • Have a full authority in Management and Decision making (AUTONOMOUS) for all Accreditation Processes
Mandate (Tasks) of BAN-PT(MoNE Decree no: 28, 2005) • To formulate operational Policy • To disseminate accreditation Policy • To accredit Higher Education.
Functions of BAN-PT(Verse (1) MoNE Regulation no 28, 2005), • To formulate policy & decide HEs’ acreditation; • To formulate criteria and propose HEs’ accreditation instruments/provision to the Minister; • To carry out dissemination of HEs’ acreditation policy, criteria and provisions.; • To carry out and evaluate implementation of HEs’ accreditation; • To give recommendation of the follow-up actions of accreditation results; • To nationaly publicize results of HEs’ accreditation; • To report HEs’ accreditation results to the Minister; • To administer the BANPT daily businesses.
II.3. Organization & Structureof BAN-PT • Establishedin 1994 beginning to accredit in 1996, Granting Certificate 1997 • Organization Structure: • Board: • Chairman • Secretary • Members Head of R&D of MoNE Secretariat Core Business Process Accreditation Supporting Business Process
III. A brief Description on the Quality Assurance System in Indonesia • Development • Orientation • Processes, • Guidelines and Standards
Development of Indonesian QA • QA-System is developed by DGHE & BANPT as the quality setter. (Now the National Education Standard Agency formulating the Mandatory Standards); • HELTD (1995-2005): The New Paradigm of HE (Quality, Autonomy, Accountability, Evaluation & Accreditation) • HELTS (2003-2010) : Nation’s Competitiveness (Quality), Autonomy, Organizational Health)
Orientation • Systemic! QMSIQA EQA • System: Inputs, Process, Outputs, Outcomes and the PDCA Cycle • HEIs and Program Accreditation: Implementation of Best Practices of QA • Implementation of Principle & Purposes of QA endorsed by APQN, INQAAHE, and AQAN • Indonesian QMS: Combination of EFQM and MB system • CQI Assist : Learning Organization
The EQA processes: Accreditation Adequacy Assessment (Peer review) START of Accreditation Process Field Assessment (Peer review) Amicable Processes Send to BAN-PT Study Program’s/HEI ’s Accreditation Documents(Forms, SE,Pf) Surveillance Assessment Decision & Certification (5 year Cycle)
Guidelines & Standards • Book 1 Guidelines on Preparation of Self-evaluation report • Book 2. Standard Operating Procedures of Accreditation., • Book 3A. Forms of Undergraduate Study Program Accreditation, • Book 3B. Forms of Higher Learning Institution, • Book 4. Guidelines of Accreditation Forms Preparation, • Book 5. Guidelines of Study Program Evaluation, • Book 6. Matrices of Study Program Evaluation, and • Book 7. Matrices of Self Evaluation Report Evaluation.
STANDARDS Vision, Mission, Objectives&Goals, &strategies of Avhievements StandarD 1 Governance, Leadership,, ManagementSystem & QA-System StandarD 2 StandarD 3 Students & Graduates StandarD 4 HUMAN RESOURCES (Faculty & Staffs Member) StandarD 5 CURRICULUM, LEARNING (Approaches & Process), Academic Atmosphere StandarD 6 Funding,Facilities&Infrastructure, Information System Standard 7 ResearcH, Community Services, Collaboration
Future Standards Development Currently Future • Specific Instruments For: • Professional & Vocational Education • Scientific Clusters • Differentiating Focus on Standard for : • Polytechnics; • Diploma; • Undergrads; • Master; • Doctor • Professional Education • Institutional Accreditation • Generic Instruments • Diploma • Undergrads • Master • Doctors • Professional • Institutional accreditation
IV. Issues, Challenges and Future Direction in Assuring Higher Education IV.1. Internal Issues and Challenges • the IQA-system of BAN-PT: it is closely related to the capacity building : • Governance, • Leadership, • Management (IQA of the BAN-PT), • Financial management, • Human resource management, • Information and ICT management .
IV.2. External Issues 1). The huge number of SPs and the Widespread/Disparity ( related to the area of Indonesian archipelago) 2). Inculcating the values of QA and Building the mind set up of QA in HEIs, 3). Quality improvement of assessors, 4). Separation of the sources of funding and authorities, i.e., for the common public universities and the religion-based HEIs. 5) Trans-national education.
The strategic issues of HE-Quality • Leadership • Relevance • Academic Atmosphere • Internal Management • Sustainability • Efficiency & Productivity • Accessibility
Challenges • Stringent financial government regulation and law have caused incentive programs cannot be developed in a desired rate. • Limited budget to carry out trainings and development of assessor, and strategic cooperation. • Limited numbers of highly qualified assessors (only 700) sometimes complicate the deployment of assessors.
Future Direction in Assuring HE Quality • Capacity building through Networking, Benchmarking Building Strategic Alliances • Consolidating agenda of interests of OIC members • Promotion and facilitation of Strategic alliances and international recognition program of OIC members • Strengthening linkages amongst the OIC members though ICT supports (website development and the derivatives communication forums)
OICM-QA? • Mutual Understanding • Building Strategic Alliances (Assoc; Federation, Network??) • Mutual Recognition • Mutual Agreement • Accreditation • Training • Seminar • Workshop
Have a nice “OIMC-QA Roundtable Meeting” Thank you Very much
National HE System in Indonesia: Legislation • Act No. 20, 2003 on National Education System. • Government Regulation No. 19, 2005 on National Standard of Education • Ministry of National Education (MoNE) Regulation No. 28, 2005 on BAN-PT • Act No. 14, 2005 on Teacher & Faculty member • Act No. 9, 2009 on Education Legal Entity • Ministry of National Education Policy, and Minister’s Policies • Strategic Plan of MoNE 2005-2009 and Draft of MoNE Strategic Plan2010-2014 Notes: • IQA unit in HEIs & Accreditation of SPs&Inst: Mandatory
Qualification Doctor 28-44SCU Master 28-40 SCU Specialist 28-38SCU Undergraduate 144-146 SCU Diploma/Polytechnics 130-132SCU;or 144 D4 6 Vocational Education + ECE + Nursery + K + 6 K + 12 Education + ECE; Nursery;
Number of HEIs in Indonesia • Total about 3010 HEIs (Aug, 2009) • MoNE: • 84public HEIs managed by MoNE • More than 2.900private HEIs supervised by the MoNE • MoRA: • 49 public religious HEIs • 289 private religious HEIs • 58public HEIs managed by other Ministries &/ Regional Govt. • Number of SPs:+ 17.000 study programs (2008). • These numbers are constantly increasing with annual rate of 300-700 newly licensed SPs (from 2007); • Aug, 2009:15184 SPs under MoNE licensed)
History of BANPT performance • Study program accreditation: • Since 1996: Sarjana (undergraduate) Study Program • Since 1999: Master Study Program • Since 2001: • Diploma (I, II, III, IV) Study Program • Doctoral Study Program • Since 2006: Accreditation of Distance Learning Education of Sarjana Study Program of Open University • Accreditation of Higher Education Institution • Since 2007 • Accreditation of Professional Education Study Program • Since 2008 (Professional Accountant SPs)
Minister of MoNE Chairman R&D of MoNE Chair Secretary Board Member Management Representatives (ISO9000:2007 Head of Secretariat/ Secretary of R&D Head of Administration Internal Audit Team Head of Div of Accreditation Preps & Process Head of Div of Assessor Haed of Div of Accred Results Processing& Certification Head of Data & ICT Section Head of Finance & Facility&Infratstructure Section Head of Sub Div of Accred. Document management Head of Sub.Div of Assessment Head of Sub Div of Certification Head of Sub-Div of Assessment Results Head of Sub-section of Finance Head of Sub Section of Facility& Infrastructure Head of Sub – section of ICT Data Sub- Section Head
Univ. (HE/SP) Quality System MAXIMIZE IT; or OPTIMIZE !! MAXIMIZE IT; or OPTIMIZE !! MINIMIZE IT!; or Zero it! Prevent/ Anticipate ZERO IT! =ZERO DEFECTS; Zero emission! / Calculated Risks • Desired OUTPUT: • QUALITY Products: Diploma, BS, MS, Dr, Research (IPR, Patent, Innovation, etc), Services, • Profits, • Satisfaction, • Integrated objectives/goals, dll EXTERNAL Environment: IPOLEKSOSBUD-HANKAM ControllableINPUTs: 7M, 7T ACADEMIC: Conversion Processes UncontrollableInputs: Beyond control, chaotic, risky • Undesirable outputs: • High DO rate • Grads: Lack of Attitude • Solid Waste • Liquid, vapor/gasses • Odor, Noise, etc. FEEDBACK MANAGEMENT: Information for decision maker; PDCA: efektif utk Re-energizing the System The Blood of QMS/IQAS Man, Machinery, Money, Methods, Materials, Market, Moment, mutu, jenis, harga, jumlah, tempat, waktu, guna, legal