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Literacy Fiction Non-Fiction Poetry. Speaking Listening and responding Group discussion and interaction Drama Word recognition Word structure and spelling Understanding and interpreting texts Engaging and responding to text Creating and shaping text
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Literacy Fiction Non-Fiction Poetry
Speaking Listening and respondingGroup discussion and interactionDramaWord recognitionWord structure and spellingUnderstanding and interpreting texts Engaging and responding to text Creating and shaping text Text structure and organisation Sentence structure and punctuation Presentation
What is Phonics? • A systematic method for teaching children to decode language • In phonics children are taught the sounds and blends of letters • Although there are 26 letters of the alphabet there are 44 different sounds in the English language.
Vowels • Short vowel sounds a as in apple e as in elephant i as in igloo o as in octopus u as in umbrella
Long Vowel sounds • The sound is the same as the name of the vowel. • a as in cake • e as in feet • i as in pie • o as in boat • u as in mule
7 O as in over Oa as in oatmeal Oe as in toe Ow as in blow O plus a consonant and a silent e as in bone ough as in though Ou as insoul
a • a plus a consonant an a silent e as in cake • ai as in rain • ay as in pay • eigh as in eight • a as in baby • ea as in steak • ey as in they • ei as in vein
e • e plus a consonant and an e as in Pete • e as in me • ee as in feet • ea as in sea • y as in bunny • ey as in key • ie as in cookie • ei as in receive • i as in pizza
i • i plus a consonant and an e as in bike • i as in hi • y as in fly • ie as in pie • igh as in night • ye as in rye • y-e as in type
u • u plus a consonant and an e as in mule • ue as in blue • oo as in boot • u as in tuna • ew as in flew • ui as in fruit • ou as in soup • ough as in through • eu as in feud
Phoneme • A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound. cat has 3 phonemes c-a-t Chat has 3 phonemes ch-a-t
How many phonemes? fish
How many phonemes? butter
4 b- u –tt - er
Digraphs • Are two consonants that form a new sound when combined. ch, sh, ph, th, wh,
Grapheme Is the smallest unit of written communication So although fish has 3 phonemes f-i-sh It has 4 graphemes F-i-s-h Punctuation is also a grapheme eg . ! , ?
Things you can doExplore and experiment with sounds, words and text Link sounds to letters, naming and sounding the letters of the alphabet Hear and say sounds in words in the order in which they occur
Read simple words by sounding out and blending the phonemes all through the word from left to right • Recognise common digraphs • Use phonic knowledge to write simple regular words and make phonetically plausible attempts at more complex words
What do I do if my child makes a spelling mistake in their homework and how can I help with their spelling? • Identify two or three mistakes you want to focus on, not all the mistakes. • encouraging them to look closely at words and talking to them about words • encouraging them to try new words (they won't do this if you're always criticizingtheir spelling) • playing word games with them, such as: • hangman • Boggle • Scrabble • respect "good mistakes" : those which use letterpatterns which do make the right sound, eventhough they are not right for that particular word.
Why has my child brought the same reading book home again? • Although the child can decode the text well the teacher feels they need to focus on comprehension, as they may not be able to recall the story. • They may need to focus on pace and expression, this is easier to do with a text they are familiar with.
What support can I give with my child’s reading? • Keep reading time relaxed, comfortable and pleasurable, in a quiet corner, with the television turned off. • Talk about the cover and read the title before rushing your child into the text • Don't correct too quickly. If your child makes an error suggest having another go, searching the pictures for a clue, sounding out the first letter or reading on before you 'tell' the problem word.
As your child progresses, talk about authors, characters and plots or what new information has been learnt. • When reading ask questions like…. • What might happen next? • How is the character feeling? • How does a character change through the book? • Why has the author used…..?