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Helping customers to transport gases more safely. Transporting Gas Cylinders or Cryogenic Receptacles in “Non-Dedicated” Vehicles Reference documents: IGC 103 and IGC 89. TP N° 17/08. DISCLAIMER
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Helping customers to transport gases more safely Transporting Gas Cylinders or Cryogenic Receptacles in “Non-Dedicated” Vehicles Reference documents: IGC 103 and IGC 89 TP N° 17/08
DISCLAIMER All technical publications of EIGA or under EIGA’s name, including Codes of practice, Safety procedures and any other technical information contained in such publications were obtained from sources believed to be reliable and are based on technical information and experience currently available from members of EIGA and others at the date of their issuance. While EIGA recommends reference to or use of its publications by its members, such reference to or use of EIGA’s publications by its members or third parties are purely voluntary and not binding. Therefore, EIGA or its members make no guarantee of the results and assume no liability or responsibility in connection with the reference to or use of information or suggestions contained in EIGA’s publications. EIGA has no control whatsoever as regards, performance or non performance, misinterpretation, proper or improper use of any information or suggestions contained in EIGA’s publications by any person or entity (including EIGA members) and EIGA expressly disclaims any liability in connection thereto. EIGA’s publications are subject to periodic review and users are cautioned to obtain the latest edition. EIGA 2008 EIGA grants permission to reproduce this publication - provided the Association is acknowledged as the source EUROPEAN INDUSTRIAL GASES ASSOCIATION AISBL AVENUE DES ARTS 3 – 5 s B-1210 BRUSSELS PHONE +32 2 217 70 98 s FAX + 32 2 219 85 14 s E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org + www.eiga.be
Overview This Training Package will address: • What is meant by “Non-Dedicated” vehicles • Which parts of Transport regulations apply • Why is transporting gas cylinders and cryogenic receptacles in cars and vans not recommended? • What precautions should be taken: • By the gas retailer/outlet • By the customer
“Non-Dedicated” Vehicle Any vehicle not specifically adapted to safely carry gas cylinders or cryogenic receptacles. Often enclosed passenger cars or vans.... Examples of Non-Dedicated vehicles:
The vehicle & ventilation:Driver/Customer While transporting cylinders adequate ventilation is very important, ideally: Use an open vehicle or a vehicle designed for the transport of gases(should have a gas tight bulkhead separating the driver from load) If you have to use an enclosed, Non-Dedicated Vehicle: KEEP WINDOWS OPEN
Gas Cylinders and Cryogenic Receptacles The size and contents vary greatly, some examples are shown here: The hazards depend upon: • Weight of cylinder/receptacle • Pressure inside • Hazards of contents –see LABELS!
Hazard Label Meanings • Flammable gas - danger of ignition and explosion • Oxidising gas - increases danger of fire • Inert gas - danger of death by asphyxiation • *Toxic gas - danger of death from intoxication or poisoning • Corrosive gas - danger of death from burns *Toxic or pyrophoric gases should only be transported in open or dedicated vehicles !
Transport Regulations:Gases are “Dangerous Goods” • Gases in cylinders and cryogenic receptacles are classified as “Dangerous Goods” and their transport is governed by European legislation (ADR). • You may have seen trucks and vans showingOrange Plates at the front and back of the vehicle. This is because the vehicle is carryinggoods that could be dangerous in an accident.The plate alerts the emergency services of the dangers. • If you are “at work”, then these rules apply and you need to ensure that you are in compliance. Please check!
Transport Regulationsnot applicable IF.... ADR does NOT apply when: • Goods are “for personal use” – even if they are dangerous goods, • Transport is *ancillary to normal business, e.g. deliveries to building or civil engineering sites But measures MUST BE taken to prevent leakage during transport: * Please take advice of qualified Dangerous Goods Safety Advisor!
Transport Regulationssome exemptions... but other *duties remaine.g.: If total *transport units carried <1000 there are exemptions from parts of ADRe.g.: * Please take advice of qualified Dangerous Goods Safety Advisor! • Placards and plates • Tremcards • Vehicle specifications • Carry fire extinguishers • No smoking/no naked flames • Basic training of general awareness,hazards and driver responsibilities And measures MUST BE taken to prevent leakage during transport
Why is transporting gas cylinders in private cars and vans not recommended?
Braking is necessary… • Sometimes sudden braking is necessary... • But dangerously overloading a vehicle is illegal and dangerous (see behind drivers seat)
Cylinders:Simple crash - worse consequences • This car was involved in a traffic accident • It was carrying oxygen cylinders, which leaked • After the initial crash the oxygen rich atmosphere inside resultedin the car being burnt out
Cylinder contents dangerous:Acetylene A leaking acetylene cylinder ignited at the valve outlet inside a van The driver narrowly escaped and the vanburnt out in 2 minutes
Mixed gas load dangers • Driver used remote control device to unlock the doors of his car • Picture shows car after explosion • Car was totally destroyed and heavy damage to surroundings The newspaper reported the car contained a mixed load of acetylene, oxygen and propane cylinders.
Cylinders can leak An enclosed vehicle containing a cylinder was completely destroyed when the door of the car was opened, probably due to a leak and a spark.
Beware warnings ! • The driver of this vehicle stopped because he smelled gas • He went to the rear of the vehicle and opened the boot • The mixture of air and acetylene in the car exploded throwing him several metres away…. …and then ….
Acetylene:can explode later …shortly afterwards the acetylene cylinder itself ruptured and demolished the car • In this instance the driver escaped with only light burns and shock
Precautions forGas Retailers/Outlets ADR requires that“measures are taken to prevent any leakage”,so always take reasonable steps to: • Ensure cylinder valve is firmly closed and check for leaks • Advise the driver : • Of the importance to securely stow cylinder in vehicle • Of the hazards of the contents • To transport cylinders containing liquid (such as Propane, CO2, Dissolved Acetylene) upright to prevent leakage • To check vehicle floor cleanliness, no loose objects,oils, etc. • Not to smoke and to drive with windows open YOU may be held responsible if the customer has an accident on his journey
Gas Retailers/Outlets:Warn of the dangers Make sure the customer is aware of the dangers before he leaves your premises. Emphasise: • Labels state the dangers of the gas • Never use or transport a gas cylinder that does not have a label • The label is the only way to positively identify the contents of a cylinder • The old cylinder colour codes are changing • Be familiar with the hazard labels and handle accordingly Share and publicise this Training Package
Advice for Customers The following documents are available to inform about safe transport and use: • Appropriate Safety Data Sheet • Appropriate TREMCARD – photocopies are OK • National Association leaflet
Recommendations for people transporting gases in “Non Dedicated” Vehicles
Common sense safetyDriver/Customer • Take advice given to you by gas retailer/outlet • Check that valves are fully closed and protected • Ventilate your vehicle - keep windows open • Dismantle equipment such as regulators, hoses, torches, etc. • Ensure your vehicle is not overloaded • Do not leave cylinders inside the boot or in an unventilated place • Go directly to your destination • Carry at least one 2 kg dry powder fire extinguisher • No smoking NOTE: If you are not “working” you still have a “Duty of Care” to ensure that you transport gases safely and with due regard to other road users and members of the public
Loading and Unloading Driver/Customer • Ensure all cylinders are properly secured and prevented from moving during your journey • Consider how you are going to get the cylinders in and out of your vehicle without injury • Only carry the minimum number of cylinders that are required for the job • Once the cylinders are out of the vehicle follow these simple rules; • Wear appropriate protective equipment • Place cylinders onto firm level ground, securely
Emergency Actionswith flammable/oxidising gases The precise actions depend on the type of gas being carried, but if you do discover a leak from a cylinder containing a flammable or oxidising gas: • Try to keep members of the public away from the area • Minimise potential ignition sources (use mobile phone, electronic key from a safe distance!) • If possible and safe to do so; • try to close any valves that may be open • try to move your vehicle to an isolated place • ventilate your vehicle, open doors • Call the Emergency services • Give them your exact location and the numberand type of cylinders involved • Call your Gas retailer/outlet for advice
Patients: transporting Medical Gas for personal use ADR does not include transport of oxygen with patient. Patients are recommended to: • Keep vehicle well ventilated (open window) to prevent oxygen enrichment inside vehicle • Set car ventilation system to draw fresh air into car, not recycle air • Keep valve shut when not in use • Carry the minimum oxygen required for patient to complete the journey
Patients: transporting Medical Gas for personal use Patients are recommended to: • Adequately restrain all gas cylinders and cryogenic receptacles • Keep liquid oxygen receptacles upright • Prohibit smoking by anyone in or near the vehicle • Avoid using oxygen whilst the vehicle is being re-fuelled • Any O2 cylinders/receptacles not in use should be kept in luggage compartment (boot) during journey • Never leave gas cylinders and cryogenic receptacles unattended in a parked vehicle
Thank you for your attention.Please consider these lessons and transport your gases carefully and safely