By: KristiJan Milosevic Kakadu National Park
Introduction • Kakadu National Park is in the Northern Territory of Australia, 171 km southeast of Darwin. • Kakadu National Park is located within the Alligator Rivers Region of the Northern Territory of Australia. It covers an area of 19,804 km, extending nearly 200 kilometres from north to south and over 100 kilometres from east to west. It has one of the most productive uranium mines in the world.
Flora • Kakadu's flora is among the richest and the most beautiful in northern Australia, with more than 1700 plant species recorded which is a result of the Park's geological, landform and habitat diversity. Kakadu is also considered to be one of the most weed free national parks in the world. • Kakadu National park has a huge range of grasses and plants including spear grass, sedges, wildflowers, Mangroves, Waterlilies, Pandanus and Kapok tree.
Fauna • The diverse environments of Kakadu National Park support an astonishing array of animals, a number of which have adapted to particular habitats. Some animals in the Park are rare, endangered, vulnerable or endemic. • Kakadu National Park has about 74 mammal species-marsupials and placental mammals. Most of them inhabit the open forest and woodlands and are nocturnal, making it difficult to see them. • Some of the animals in Kakadu National Park are wild dogs, Antilopine Kangaroos, Black Wallaroos, Agile Wallabys, and Short-eared Rock Wallabys. Smaller common mammals are northern quolls, brush-tailed phascogales, brown bandicoots, black-footed tree-rats, and brown fruit bats. Dugongs are found in the coastal waters. • Some of the Birds are Varied Lorikeets, Northern Rosellas, Silver-crowned Friarbirds, White-gaped, Yellow-tinted, White-lined, Bar-breasted and Banded Honeyeaters, Sandstone Shrike-thrushes, White-browed Robins, Canary White-eyes, and Masked and Long-tailed Finches.
Climate • Kakadu is located in the tropics, between 12° and 14° south of the Equator. The climate is monsoonal, characterised by two main seasons: the dry season and the rain season. • During the dry season (from April/May to September), dry southerly and easterly trade winds predominate. Humidity is relatively low and rain is unusual. At Jabiru, the average maximum temperature for June-July is 32 °C.During the 'build up' (October to December) conditions can be extremely uncomfortable with high temperatures and high humidity.
Landforms • There are six main landforms in Kakadu National Park: the Arnhem Land plateau and escarpment complex, known as the stone country; the outliers; the lowlands; the southern hills and basins; the floodplains; and the tidal flats. Each landform has its own range of habitats. Kakadu’s varied landscapes and the habitats they contain are features that contributed to its listing as a World Heritage Area. Most of Kakadu was under a shallow sea approximately 140 million years ago, with the escarpment wall formed from sea cliffs and Arnhem Land from a flat plateau above the sea