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Photography in Society. Jake Green. Pinhole Camera.
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PhotographyinSociety Jake Green
Pinhole Camera • The pinhole camera is a camera without lens. It is in the shape of a box or cylinder and has a small hole in one of the sides, which is used to create the image of the outside space on the inside of the camera. The hole acts as a lens, and it forces all the light from outside the box onto the film at the back of the box. This creates the image which can be developed from the film.
Joseph Niepce • Joseph Niepce was the worlds first photographer. He was born in France, in 1765. After working from 1816, he developed the first permanent image in 1826 using an eight hour exposure on a pewter plate. In 1829 established a partnership with Louis Daguerre to improve his Helio-Graphic Process. They did not do much before Neipce died in 1833.
Louis Daguerre • He worked in theatre in his early life. He used the pinhole camera to develop diorama. He accidentally found that mercury vapour will develop a hidden image on a silvered plate that has been treated with iodine vapour.
William Henry Fox-Talbot • William Henry Fox Talbot introduced the negative-positive process. This is when the darkest parts of the photo become the lightest, and the lightest become the darkest. The research that he did improved exposure time.
Richard Leech Maddox • Richard Leech Maddox is credited with the development gelatin-silver halide emulsion that is used in modern photography.
George Eastman • George Eastman founded the photography company Kodak. He invented the Brownie camera, which made it possible for many more people to access photography, instead of needing heaps of equipment.
Digital Photography • The first digital camera was invented in 1975. It was invented by Steven Sasson, who worked at Kodak. Digital cameras work by using an array of electronic photodetectors to capture the image seen by the lens.