September 11th, 2001 What happened?
Who? al-Qaeda George W. Bush Osama Bin Laden Taliban Key Terms and People Where? World Trade Center Buildings 1 and 2, Manhattan, NYC Pentagon, Arlington, VA Flight 93, Shanksville, PA
Why? U.S. Military Presence in the Middle East U.S. Support of Israel Political and Religious Extremism Key Terms and People Con’t
Tuesday, September 11th, 2001. • 4 Planes • 19 al-Qaeda insurgents • 4 Targets • 3 Impacts on target • Flight 93 crashes in Shanksville, PA That day…
US military presence in the Middle East • US aide to Israel • Iraq Sanctions Motives…
Terrorism- Violent acts intended to instill fear for a political or religious goal which deliberately targets or disregards the safety of civilian life. Methods…
East to West flight pattern • Intended to land in Los Angeles or San Francisco • Full tanks of fuel Why these particular flights?
8:46 AM Flight 11 hits WTC North Tower Brief Chronology
9:03 AM Flight 175 hits WTC South Tower • Several news sources catch live footage. • Mass fear and confusion begins…(terrorism) Brief Chronology
Emma E. Booker Elementary School, Sarasota, Florida • Promoting education: Reading “The Pet Goat” to elementary school children. • Continued lesson as not to alarm students • What would you do? Where is the President?
9:37 AM Flight 77 impacts western side of Pentagon, Arlington, VA • Section of Pentagon was under renovation. Brief Chronology
9:45 AM US Airspace is shut down. All flights are to land at nearest airports as soon as possible. Brief Chronology
9:57 AM: Flight 93 “Black Box” evidence that passengers revolt against terrorists on-board. • 10:03 AM: Flight 93 crashes in Shanksville, PA in a field. • 9/11 Commission reports US Capitol or White House as intended targets Brief Chronology
Excluding 19 hijackers: 2,977 • WTC site: 2,606 • Pentagon: 125 • 55 military personnel at the Pentagon • More than 90 countries lost citizens– NOT JUST THE US! Casualties
Osama Bin Laden- Initially denied involvement. • Acknowledged al-Qaeda involvement in 2004. • Was thought to be under the protection of the Taliban in Afghanistan following attacks. What about…?
Islamist militia and terrorist group. • Was in control of most of Afghanistan, including the capital (Kabul) The Taliban
War on Terror- US, UK, NATO, and non-NATO countries. Began on October 7th, 2001 and still ongoing. • Goal- Eliminate al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups Lasting Impacts
Iraq War (2003-Present) • Response to not allowing UN to investigate for possible WMD’s. • President Saddam Hussein was found in ad-Dawr, Iraq in 2003. • Executed in Dec. 2006 “Crimes Against Humanity” Lasting Impacts
The USA PATRIOT Act Allows US law enforcement more access to individuals: Telephone calls/text msg E-mails Internet transactions Medical and financial records Lasting Impacts
Expanded US Treasury Authority: Regulate transactions with foreign entities. Broadened immigration authorities ability to detain and deport immigrants suspected of terrorist acts. USA PATRIOT Act
In what ways do you feel the USA PATRIOT Act affect your privacy with considerations to your digital dossier and digital footprint? Please respond in a minimum of 8 sentences! This will give you a 100% participation grade. Journal Question