Let’s Review!! Pronunciation Targets
Move Your Mouth!! • P. 17 • Try three ways that English speakers move their mouths. • A relaxed jaw • A flat, low tongue • Say ahhhh as in /ɑ / • Say Holiday
Move Your Mouth!! 3. Relaxed lips Say ooo as in /uw/ Round your lips without squeezing them. Prepare to say how. Start by lowering your jaw for hah. Lower the back of your tongue. Pull your tongue back and round your lips into a relaxed ooo. Now say, How was your holiday?
Practice • Try a yawn-sigh. Take a deep breath, open your mouth very wide, and sigh ahhh to relax your mouth. Repeat three times. • Try counting to 10, moving your lips as little as possible. Keep the back of your tongue low. Use the back of your tongue to make the sounds. • Turn off the sound on your TV and watch English speakers move their mouths.
Thought Groups • Verbal punctuation. • Learn by listening 1 p. 18 “The Owl and the Pussycat” • Learn by Listening 2 p. 18-19 Listen and mark thought groups. • Slow speech, many pauses, and short thought groups make speech easier to understand.
Focus Words • One strongly stressed word in each thought group • Learn by Listening 3 p. 19 • Partner Practice p. 20 New information-old information
Final Sounds • Leaving off final consonant sounds in English can change the meaning or make it difficult to understand what was said. • -ed /t/ /d/ /id/ -s /s/ /z/ /iz/ • Partner Practice p. 20 • Improve Your Monitoring p. 21-22
Rhythm-Stress/Unstress • Stressed words are content words and are slower, louder, and higher in pitch. • nouns, verbs, adjectives, negatives, question words, adjectives, adverbs • Usually the last content word in a thought group is stressed. • The focus word receives the greatest stress, but other content words receive secondary stress.
Vowels • To make your speech clear, it is important to pronounce the vowel sounds clearly. • Long vowels have two parts. • Short vowels have only one part. • Which vowel sounds do you need to practice?
Your Scene • Mark all the thought groups with a slash. Remember thought groups are usually a phrase or clause. • Circle the focus word in each thought group. • What other words receive secondary stress? • Underline all the final –ed and –s sounds. How do you say each? • Underline all the other final consonant sounds. Remember to say them clearly.
Audience Practice • Choose a small section from your scene to perform for us. • We will listen for thought groups, focus word and content word stress, and final sounds.