How is the South different than the rest of the country? • Language • Food • Customs • Religion • History • Climate • Race Relations
The Author • Background info on Harper Lee: • Born in 1926. • Raised in Monroeville, AL. • Her father was a lawyer. • His name was Francis Finch.
Lee and Capote • Capote and Lee: • Grew up with Truman Capote. • Based character Dill on Capote. • Capote dedicated his most famous book, In Cold Blood to Harper Lee.
The Author • Lee Later in life: • The novel won Pulitzer Prize in 1961 • Awarded honorary degrees. • Only published essays following TKAM. • Currently splits her time between New York City and Monroeville.
Where did she get the idea? • Where did Harper Lee get the idea for her novel? • A case in Scottsboro, AL • 2 white women accused an African American man of raping them. • Only received lawyer the day of the trial.
Scottsboro Case Cont… • No physical evidence of a rape. • Medical testimony said no rape. • All white jury still convicted them.
Setting • Setting: In Maycomb, AL • In 1930s • During the Great Depression • Novel is set during the time of complete segregation.
Class System • Class System: • Land class • Educated class • The townspeople • The farmers • The poor white trash • The African Americans
Southern Society • African American Nannies: • Took care of children • Cleaned • Cooked • Handled most of the discipline.
Southern Society • Southern Ladies: look pretty, • Participate in ladies groups, • Supervise the running of the household.
Southern Society • Small Towns: everyone knows you, • church is the center of the social scene, • not much entertainment, • everybody knows everybody’s business, • You are judged by your family.
Literary Terms • Sub Plot: A small plot within a novel/play that helps to support or build the main plot. • Main plot: The trial of Tom Robinson • Sub Plot: Mrs. Dubose, the fire, the kids and Boo, etc…
Main Characters • Jean Louise “Scout” Finch: six years old, tomboy • Jeremy Atticus “Jem” Finch: 10 years old • Atticus Finch: Dad, widower, Lawyer • Dill: Friend who visit in the summer • Arthur “Boo” Radley: Scary guy who lives next door
Essay • Character Development Paper: How does Jem/Scout mature throughout the novel? • Immature-----mature
Essay • Body1: immature beginning of the book • Body 2: beginning to mature-middle • Body 3: mature-end
Chapter 1 • POV: First Person-Scout tells the story • Main Characters: • Jem: Ten years old at the start of the novel • Scout: Six years old at the start of the novel • Atticus: Lawyer, widower, nearly fifty
Chapter 1 • Main Characters cont…: • Calpurnia: The children’s nanny, African American, worked for the family for years • Dill: Staying w/ his Aunt Stephanie for the summer, single parent home
Chapter 1 • Main characters cont… • Boo Radley (according to Jem): • Seven feet tall • Eats raw squirrels and cats • Has fangs • Is a peeping Tom • Drools
Chapter 1 • Boo Radley, the real story: • Got in w/ the wrong crowd • Got arrested for being wild • Family would not send him to the reform school
Chapter 1 • Boo’s story cont… • Put in the courthouse basement • Almost died from the mildew • Went and was home-never seen again • Stabbed his father in the leg w/ scissors
Chapter 1 • Dill gets the idea of trying to get Boo to come out • To prove his bravery, Jem runs up and slaps the house—not very mature!
CHAPTER 2 • 1st grade: filled with kids of all ages, • Town kids go straight through school. • Farming kids keep working at home and are never able to advance
Chapter 2 • It is Scout’s and Miss Caroline’s first day of school • Miss Caroline’s Mistakes: • Was mad at Scout for being able to read and write. • Points out student w/ no lunch, • Pat with ruler • Sticks children in corner
Chapter 2 • She Doesn’t understand her kids: • most of them are farm kids • they just don’t get the cat story • the Cunningham's don’t take charity
Chapter 3 • Scout takes her frustration out on Walter Cunningham • Jem invites him over for supper • Scout, again, gets in trouble because of her big mouth
Chapter 3 • Miss Caroline does not understand Burris! • The Ewells: • Mother is dead • Dad is a drunk • Kids are filthy • They live in the dump • The kids don’t go to school • The town looks the other way
Chapter 4 • Who is leaving things in the knothole? Why? • Jem gets Scout back for making fun of him (mature?) • What does Scout hear in the house? • Playing Boo Radley in the front yard (mature?).
Chapter 5 • Miss Maudie: • Treats the kids with respect • Loves her garden • Widow • Rents a room to Mr. Avery • Lives across the street from the Finches
Chapter 5 • Scout is having problems with her fiancé. How does she try to solve them? (mature?) • Miss Maudie explains a bit more about the Radley’s • Atticus catches the kids playing “Boo Radley” • Jem’s response was very mature!
Chapter 6 • What do the kids wait to see Mr. Avery do? • The kids decide to look in Boo’s window • Mr. Nathan fires a gun at the kids • Jem gets stuck in the fence • Dill is able to think on his feet • Jem goes back at night to get his pants
Chapter 7 • More things found in the tree • The kids decide to write a thank you note • What happened the night Jem went back to get his pants? • Mr. Nathan fills up the knothole • Why is Jem so upset?
Chapter 8 • It snows! • Jem builds a snowman. What does show about Jem? • What is an absolute morphodite?
Chapter 8 • Miss Maudie’s house catches fire • What does Atticus think to save? • Scout gets a blanket from who? • Why doesn’t Jem want to return it? • How does this show maturity?
Chapter 9 • Why is the town so mad at Atticus? • Scout is told to stop fighting and she has some success • Uncle Jack comes for Christmas • Scout is still trying to get out of going to school (mature?) • What is the rule about the air rifles?
Chapter 9 • Aunt Alexandra: • Atticus’ older sister • Believes Scout should behave like a “proper lady” • Not a “kid“ person • She is a cold person
Chapter 9 • Uncle Jimmy: • Married to Aunt Alexandra • “Buys cotton” (does nothing) • Has spoken to Scout once in her whole life
Chapter 9 • Francis: • Aunt Alexandra’s grandson • Prissy • Tattletale • Mean
Chapter 9 • Francis calls Atticus a hateful name • Scout responds by calling Francis a whorelady and beating him up • Uncle Jack sides with Francis until he hears the whole story.
Chapter 9 • Uncle Jack and Atticus have a talk at the end of the chapter: • Why does Atticus want Scout to hear the whole thing? • What is in store for the kids?
Chapter 10 • The kids think Atticus is just too old • There is a mad dog • What do the kids learn about Atticus? • Why doesn’t Jem want tell everyone? • How does this show maturity?
Chapter 11 • Mrs. Dubose: • Really old • Really mean • Supposedly has a confederate pistol in her lap • Hates Atticus for defending Tom Robinson
Chapter 11 • Jem Snaps. What does he do? • How does he have to make amends? • Atticus tells Jem that Mrs. Dubose teaches an important lesson: The meaning of courage.
Chapter 11 • “I wanted you to see something about her-I wanted you to see what real courage is, instead of getting the idea that courage is a man with a gun in his hand.”
Chapter 11 • “It’s when you know you’re licked before you begin, but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what. You rarely win, but sometimes you do. Mrs. Dubose won, all ninety eight pounds of her” (Lee 112)
Chapter 12 • Calpurnia’s Church: Scout learns: • Calpurnia has another life, • Most African Americans in Maycomb can’t read.
Chapter 12 • Church is strong and caring, • No white people will hire Helen Robinson, • Atticus is well respected w/in the African American community
Chapter 13 • Aunt Alexandra’s definition of a proper Lady and Gentleman: • Dress nicely • Come from a land owning family, • Hire people to work your land, • Own land on the river • Have good manners, • It’s about how you look not who you are
Chapter 13 • What do you think Atticus’ definition would be? • Why does Atticus tell Scout that it is not time to worry yet?