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Fad Diets and Eating Disorders

Fad Diets and Eating Disorders

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Fad Diets and Eating Disorders

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  1. Fad Diets and Eating Disorders Chapter 6 Lesson 2 Revised Aug 2013 Created by T Stivers Schindewolf Intermediate www.flickr.com/photos

  2. Do You Various ways people lose weight

  3. Unhealthy Weight Loss Methods 1. Fad Diets 3 Day Diet Hollywood Diet Acai Berry Diet Atkins Diet South Beach Diet Cabbage Soup Diet Zone Diet Grapefruit Diet Skinny in 11 Day Diet Apple Cider Vinegar Diet

  4. What’s Wrong with Fads Diets Limited food types Costly Lack some nutrients Weight loss not usuallypermanent Not based on several studies Cause other health problems Too little fluids can lead to an imbalance of electrolytes. Dehydration = minerals (sodium chloride, and potassium) Causes heatstroke

  5. Unhealthy Weight Loss 2. Liquid Diets – must carry warning labels 3. Diet Pill – suppress appetite but can cause serious side effects 4. Laxatives - relaxes colon causing diarrhea and loss of muscle control over time 5. Fasting – dangerousfor longer than short periods of time which can lead to eating disorders

  6. Healthy Weight Loss & Gain • Loss Eat 1,700 to 1,800 cal/day Gain Eat 3,000 cal/day 2. Include your favorites in small amounts 3. Eat nutrient-dense foods 4. Drink lots of water – 8 glasses a day 5. Exercise! Each food group Foods high in nutrients and low in calories

  7. Weight cycling Loss is mostly water and is regained quickly is the repeated pattern of loss and regain of weight. Safe weight loss is 1 to 2 pounds per week

  8. More than the appropriate weight for height Overweight – Obesity – Underweight – Comes from excess calories, inactivity, and a little genetics Large amount of body fat Less than the appropriate weight for height Causes fatigue and lower immunity

  9. Cardiovascular disease Type 2 Diabetes Cancer Overweight Asthma High blood pressure Osteoarthritis – joint disease High cholesterol Strains muscle/skeletal systems Risks of High BMIs:

  10. What causes eating disorders? • Poor body image • Life Pressure • Social Pressures • Perfectionism • Genetics

  11. Anorexia Nervosa - mental Is a ___________ disorder where a person has an irrational fear of becoming __________. obese Causes severe ___________ ______ from self __________. Weight loss starvation

  12. Can be caused by: Caused by hormones, brain chemicals or genetics

  13. Effects: http://lifestyle.nl.msn.com/gezondheid

  14. www.ad.nl - idolforums.com  www.myhealthguide.carlyucaangay.com - www.ign.com

  15. Bulimia Nervosa Gets rid of by vomiting or laxatives

  16. http://www.flickr.com

  17. Dehydration Laxatives change makeup of the blood movie-posters.feedio.net

  18. www.2medusa.com  pro-ana-pro-mia-support.blogspot.com

  19. Binge eating - • Effects: • Type 2 Diabetes • Heart Disease • Stroke • High Blood Pressure • High Cholesterol • Cancer compulsive overeating but no purging gonkski.deviantart.com

  20. How to Help Your Friend • Medical help • Psychological help • Support group • Tell a trusted adult • Encourage friend to get help http://www.pluska

  21. Your best eating plan should be __________, ____________, and ________. balanced moderate varied Depends on the individual – child, adult, diabetic, pregnant, etc Eat 3-4 hours before and lots of carbs, less fats and protein, hydrate! Before a competition:

  22. Vegetarian Eating Plans Vegetarian Eating Plans Write next slide

  23. Vegetarian Plans • Lacto-Ovo Plants & Dairy & Eggs • Lacto Plants & Dairy • Ovo Plants & Eggs • Pescatarian Plants & Fish • Flexitarian Plants & Occasional Meat • Vegan Plants & NO animal products at all • Plus other plans

  24. Dietary supplements come as vitamins, minerals, fiber, protein, or herbs. A non-food form of one or more nutrients Only use with doctor advice! Megadoses (Vit A, D, E, and K) can be toxic!

  25. Ends Chapter 6