Teaching the National Keelboat Program ‘In-House Training’
Keelboat Instructor Training (L1)Can be run In-House or by State • Theory 3hrs (EDICT) Centre safety policy , Role of instructor, YAIW work book • Practical 9 hrs (3x3hr sessions) Observes, Assists, Delivers under supervision of a Level 2-3 Instructor • On Water Assessment* (3hrs) Deliver a session to ‘live’ students *This must be conducted by an appointed Senior Instructor
Keelboat Instructor (L1) can teach: • Discover Sailing Experience • Start Crewing • Start Helming
Keelboat - Start Crewing • For Complete Beginners • Emphasis on Safety and Enjoyment • Should ‘Understand’ how to do use Safety equipment, Theory of sailing. • Basic Knowledge of the Boat and rigging of sails • Use cleats , winches, Halyards and Sheets • Understands action to recover MOB
Keelboat - Start Helming • Building on Start Crewing • Correct use of safety equipment on board • Can prepare all rigging of the boat • Can recover a MOB • Can Helm on all points of sail • Basic knowledge of Rule of the Road • Use of weather forecasts • Anchoring in an Emergency
What type of instructor? • What, in your experience makes a ‘bad’ instructor and a ‘good’ instructor? • Refer to your work book ... • What type of Instructor are YOU?
How do people learn? • The difference between: • Learning ‘theory’ knowledge • Learning practical skills
Learning Practical Skills • All senses: 1.Hearing 2.Sight 3.Touch/feel • Wide variance with : 1. Age (Adults – Kids) 2. Attitude 3. Confidence. • Understanding? • Doing • Reinforcing
Types of Instruction 1. Experiential • Instructor teaches principles then ‘lets student get on with it’ • Student is responsible for the route taken • Time consuming • Difficult to apply constraints • Can be difficult for the instructor to ‘pull it all together’
Types of Instruction2. Dictatorial • ‘Sailing by numbers’ -Do this, then do that and this will happen • Does not teach principles • Does not let the student understand what they are doing • Removes any ‘exploration’ in the task • Inflexible - parrot learning • Doesn’t teach student to make their own decisions based on assessment of situation
Session Plan • The plan should include………. • Wind • Tide • Time allowed • Briefing of the crew • Break down of the manoeuvre itself • Obstructions • Other water users
Layering • Dissemble a manoeuvre into individual tasks • Teach one principle (task) at a time • Practice • Add components together • Do not attempt to ‘bake the cake’ until you have assembled all the ingredients
EDICT- the combined Approach • Explanation- the Principles • Demonstration • Imitation • Correction • Training (practice) • EDICT
Explanation • Clear • Concise (short)- ‘Bullet points’- Don’t be verbose • Be Relevant- avoid going off on tangents • Pictures tell a thousand words ( Use Introductory Keelboat training aid • Use the boat! • Audible / visible- have you got everyone’s attention? • Understood- test by asking questions • Remember- You can never make it too simple!
Demonstration • Clear • Concise • Matches explanation • You as an instructor MUST demonstrate on how YOU would like it done
Imitation • Students attempt to ‘copy’ instructors demo • Instructor observes students, making notes if necessary • Instructor only intervenes if safety is compromised
Correction • Feedback model • Praise/corrective feedback/praise • Identify fault(s)-no more than 3 • Have the students try again • If they still can’tdemonstrate , YOU the instructor must demonstrate again • Once identified, suggest solution • Try to give opportunity to apply solution
Debrief • Sunglasses – remove • Wind direction • Sun • Eye contact / level • Physical position • Pitfalls…..
Training (practice) • Allow practice of ‘good’ things, too • This will reinforce good practice. • More feedback can be given as necessary
Sign or Defer? • Logbook • Instructor must sign the log book • DEFER • Do they understand the principles? • i.e. Does the Student need: 1. more Practice or 2. more tuition Don’t sign if they haven’t got it…