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‘ Air transport liberalization and its impact on the aviation and tourism industries: a case study on Cyprus’ PowerPoint Presentation
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‘ Air transport liberalization and its impact on the aviation and tourism industries: a case study on Cyprus’

‘ Air transport liberalization and its impact on the aviation and tourism industries: a case study on Cyprus’

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‘ Air transport liberalization and its impact on the aviation and tourism industries: a case study on Cyprus’

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  1. ‘Air transport liberalization and its impact on the aviation and tourism industries: a case study on Cyprus’ By Sotiroula Liasidou - Lecturer at Americanos College Nicosia – Cyprus ICRAT 2004 ZILINA - SLOVAKIA ICRAT 2004


  3. INTRODUCTION Regulation – an industry is ruled by the government. New terminology emerge declaring deregulation/liberalization Liberalization - ‘frees an industry from the state’s control over prices, entry and exit’ Airline Liberalisation Freedom of entry/exit - Freedom on capacity –Freedom on fares - Freedom of operations - COMPETITION Transformation of the European Airline’s scene. Since the 1st of May 2004 Cyprusis member of the EU. As a consequence, the aviation industry’s landscape has been harmonised under the EU provisions. ICRAT 2004

  4. AIMS of the research • Assessment of the possible changes and the impact on the Aviation industry • As a consequence of this to reveal the impact on the Tourism Industry In this respect, the views of experts from the private and public sectors in the both aviation and tourism industries of Cyprus are studied through in-depth interviews and questionnaires. ICRAT 2004

  5. European Airline Liberalisation ‘The Three Packages’ First Package or December 1987 • Declared flexible terms concerning the fares • Abandoned the single designation provision • As well as had released any capacity restrictions ICRAT 2004

  6. Second Package (June 1990) • Released even more the provisions of the first one • Allowed multi-designation of airlines on specific routes • As well as it allowed operations under the Third and Fourth Freedom of air into inter-continental flights ICRAT 2004

  7. Third Package (January 1993) Came into effect in 1997 • Was the basis for the creation of the ‘open skies’ agreement with full traffic rights everywhere in the community • Freedom in entry and exit • At any capacity • At any route • At any rate determined LIBERALISATION ICRAT 2004

  8. AVIATION AND TOURISM: A RECIPROCAL RELATION • Transitional process between the tourist generating area and the tourist destination country, • This process is facilitated through a transportation system • The aviation system is an essential part of the tourism industry, which connects even the most remote places on earth in a relatively short time, in comparison with other transport modes. ICRAT 2004

  9. THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS ‘The island of Cyprus is situated at the crossroads of three continents, Europe, Asia and Africa in the Mediterranean sea.’ ‘Its history and culture is a living proof of its age-long function as a bridge between civilizations of the Southeast Europe and Middle East’ (PIO,2000) ICRAT 2004

  10. TOURISM INDUSTRY • The unique beauty of the island with a long lasting history in combination with the three main attraction ‘cores’ of sun-sea-sand, generated demand for tourism • Approximately 2,6 millionstourists arrive on the island each year • Undoubtedly, tourism development has been considered as the ‘magic wand’ for the economic development and viable progress of the country ICRAT 2004

  11. AIRLINE INDUSTRY • The airline industry of Cyprus has been based on the law, which was inherited by the British Colonial rules • Declaring a regulatory status characterized by bilateral agreements between different countries Regulation • Cyprus Airways Flag Carrier (Monopoly - Bilateral Agreements – Protectionism in the markets of Greece and the UK) • Plethora of Charter Airlines Vertically Integrated with major European Tour Operators – Seat Only purchase prohibited • Helios Airways – 1st private company - flights to restricted destinations ICRAT 2004

  12. METHODOLOGY • Methodological triangulation – combination qualitative & quantitative methods • A non-probability sample and in particular a purposive sample is used, both in the interviews and the questionnaires • Semi-structured interviews • Respondents 22 people expertise in the field of tourism and the aviation industries • Distribution of questionnaires at the end of each interview (7-point Likert scale format1very unlikely –7 very likely) ICRAT 2004

  13. Significant Impact (85%) New airlines will enter the market On charter flights. On seat availability - On fares On frequencies-On seat demand On outbound/inbound traffic On Cyprus Airways Increase interest on the two illiberal routes Larnaca-London Heathrow / Larnaca-Athens Spata Renovation of the two airports Larnaca and Paphos (BOT).Regional Hubs Insignificant Impact (15%) Saturation of the market Small Market Is adequately covered by the existing airlines RESEARCH FINDINDS & DISCUSSIONImpact on the Aviation industry ICRAT 2004

  14. Competition ‘European private airlines will enter the Cypriot market as far as there will not be any governmental restriction and the skies of the country will be open to competition’ • On fares – Lower fares • On the capacity • On slots allocation • On in-flight services ICRAT 2004

  15. New strategy for Cyprus Airways • To enter a strategic alliance • Exploitation of it’s present to Greece • New strategy on the fares ‘Although for Helios Airways the opportunity is to reschedule its flights to destinations that are considered prosperous for the air traffic for example Larnaca-Athens route’ ICRAT 2004

  16. ‘A carrier can depart from Stockholm then to arrive in Athens and then to operate to Crete and to have as a final destination Cyprus.’ Operation of the 5th Freedom right ICRAT 2004

  17. Significant effect (85%) Accessibility of the market More flexible airline services Increase of the incoming tourism Decrease of the tourism package price due to lower fares which accounts for 40%-50% in total Great effect on the SMEs, having as s result the vertical distribution of the revenue Insignificant effect (15%) Due to the existence of charter flights Impact on the Tourism Industry ICRAT 2004

  18. ‘The impact will attributable to the decrease of air fares because of the competition among the different carriers.’ ‘ As a positive impact, is considered the increase of tourism arrivals which leads in an increase of the country’s revenues.’ ‘There will be a significant increase in the arrivals from Greece manly because Greek and Cypriot carriers will enter the routes of Larnaca-Athens having as a result the introduction of lower fares andan increase in the arrivals.’ ICRAT 2004

  19. Positive impacts (75%) Decrease of the tourism package Increase of tourism arrivals Increase of revenue Increase of independent travellers Developments of different forms of tourism Negative impacts (25%) Increase of mass tourism with socio-cultural problems Low spending tourism-Bag packers Negative or positive impacts on the tourism industry ICRAT 2004

  20. CONCLUSION • The findings of the study revealed that there would be a remarkable impact concerning the different aspects of the two industries. • A liberalised environment will force in a sense the natural development and performance of the airlines and made them able to compete in every aspect of operation • Flexibility in the airline industry leads to positive impact on the tourism industry since Cyprus is an island ICRAT 2004

  21. CONCLUSION • The importance of the airline industry on the island and the fact that is the most popular transport mode leads to the conclusion that a liberalised aviation industry will contribute even further on the development of tourism. • Airline Liberalization should be the cornerstone and the motivation for the development of sustainable tourism.Therefore the benefits will be more. ICRAT 2004

  22. Thank you for your attention! Any Questions? ICRAT 2004