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TRANSCENDENTALISM

TRANSCENDENTALISM

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TRANSCENDENTALISM

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  1. TRANSCENDENTALISM Belief in a higher kind of knowledge than can be achieved by human reason

  2. TRANSCENDENTALISM Can you pronounce it? Can you spell it?

  3. TRANSCENDENTALISM • In philosophy and literature, belief in a higher reality than that found in sense experience or • belief in a higher kind of knowledge than that achieved by human reason

  4. TRANSCENDENTALISM • God gave humankind the gift of intuition, • the gift of insight, • the gift of inspiration. Why waste such a gift?

  5. TRANSCENDENTALISM • Began in Germany • Immanuel Kant, philosopher • 1700’s • Developed in United States in 1936 • Transcendental Club • Boston • 1936 • led by Ralph Waldo Emerson

  6. RALPH WALDO EMERSON • author • essayist • lecturer • philosopher • Unitarian minister

  7. TRANSCENDENTALISM Emerson and the Transcendentalists led the search for truth • in nature • through self-reliance • “No law can be sacred to me but that of my nature.” Emerson

  8. ROOTS OF TRANSCENDENTALISM • Puritanism • belief in God as a powerful force • belief that each individual can experience God first-hand

  9. Roots of Transcendentalism • Romanticism • placed central importance on emotions and the individual • emphasized intuition and inner perception of truth that differs from reason • emphasized nature’s beauty, strangeness, and mystery • emphasized individual expression and artistic freedom

  10. TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS • OVERSOUL: • man, universe, and nature are intertwined man universe nature

  11. TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS • RELATIONSHIP: • all has its place

  12. TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS • OPTIMISTIC: • all is good evil is an illusion

  13. TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS • INDIVIDUALISM: • be true to one’s own inner perception or intuition If I know it is truth, then it is truth.

  14. TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS • UNLIMITED POTENTIAL OF EACH INDIVIDUAL • set high goals to improve

  15. TRANSCENDENTAL BELIEFS • NATURE IS TRUTH • it can be a guide to higher understanding • Nature symbolizes God • or the inner life of human beings

  16. HENRY DAVID THOREAU • Lived the philosophy of Transcendentalism that Emerson espoused • Spent 26 months at Walden Pond to “live deliberately - to front only the essential facts of life . . .”

  17. TRANSCENDENTALISM • Transcendentalism began with a few and grew. • This philosophy lasted for several years in New England • It ended as the Civil War began.

  18. TRANSCENDENTALISM • Now study the primary resources from the Library of Congress that have been collected from among Walt Whitman’s possessions and prove that he was a transcendentalist. THE END