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Geographical Indications in International Trade Agreements

Geographical Indications in International Trade Agreements

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Geographical Indications in International Trade Agreements

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  1. Geographical Indications in International Trade Agreements Andrew W. Shoyer Washington, DC ashoyer@sidley.com

  2. Overview • What are GIs? • Compare trademarks, appellations of origin • How are GIs addressed in trade agreements? • WTO and FTAs • What are the current issues? • TTIP and TPP • Potential WTO claims - TBT CHALLENGE – Managing tension between IP rights and trade in goods with common/generic names

  3. What are GIs? WTO TRIPS Agreement Article 22.1 – “Indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a Member, or a region or locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or other characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin” GIs = €€€ Designation of origin Appellation of origin Certification mark

  4. Trademark/Certification Mark

  5. GIs in Trade Agreements • WTO • TRIPS Article 22 – basic obligations • TRIPS Article 23 – wine and spirits • TRIPS Article 24 – expansion via negotiations • FTAs • KOREU (no opposition allowed) • CenAmEU (opposition allowed)

  6. Current Issues • TTIP • TPP • Potential WTO claims - TBT