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Infections of Respiratory Tract (RT) PowerPoint Presentation
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Infections of Respiratory Tract (RT)

Infections of Respiratory Tract (RT)

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Infections of Respiratory Tract (RT)

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  1. Infections of Respiratory Tract (RT) By Dr. Humodi A. Saeed Associate Prof. of Medical Microbiology College of Medical Laboratory Science Sudan University of Science and Technology E mail address: Biotechsust@hotmail.com

  2. The Respiratory Tract (RT)

  3. Definition (1) RT (respiratory system): The organs that are involved in breathing. The Respiratory Tract (RT)

  4. Definition (2) The organs and cells that take in oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide. The Respiratory Tract (RT)

  5. The Respiratory Tract (RT) Definition (3) Respirations the act of breathing: inhaling (inspiration) - taking in oxygen exhaling (expiration) - giving off carbon dioxide.

  6. Definition (4) The system begins at the nasal entrance, where particles are inhalable and continues through the thoracic cavity and down into the respirable gas exchange regions of the lungs. The Respiratory Tract (RT)

  7. The Respiratory Tract (RT) Components 1. Nose 2. Throat 3. Larynx 4. Trachea 5. Bronchi 6. Lungs

  8. The upper respiratory tract includes the: nose nasal cavity frontal sinuses maxillary sinus larynx trachea The Respiratory Tract (RT)

  9. The lower respiratory tract includes the: lungs bronchi alveoli The Respiratory Tract (RT)

  10. Bacterial Infection of (RT) Diseases of RT:

  11. Bacterial Infection of (RT) Pneumonia 1. Community-acquired 2. Hospital-acquired

  12. Bacterial Infection of (RT) S.pneumoniae 1.Community-acquired H.influenzae Other Anaerobes L.pneumophilia M.pneumoniae C.pneumoniae

  13. Bacterial Infection of (RT) 2. Hospital-acquired Ps. aeruginosa

  14. Pharyngitis Groups A and C Streptococci Arcanobacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae Cory. diphtheriae Cory. ulcerans 5. Mycoplasma pneumoniae Bacterial Infection of (RT)

  15. Bacterial Infection of (RT) Sinusitis • Strep. pneumoniae • Haemophilus inftuenzae 3. Mixed anarobes 4. Staph. aureus 5. Moraxella catarrhalis 6. Group A Streptococcus 7. Pseudomonas aeruginosa 8. Other gram-negative bacilli

  16. Bacterial Infection of (RT) Epiglottitis 1. H. inftuenzae 2. Strep. pneumoniae 3. Staph. aureus

  17. Bacterial Infection of (RT) Sinusitis 1. H. inftuenzae 2. Strep. pneumoniae

  18. Bacterial Infection of (RT)Lab. Diagnosis Specimens • Sputum • Nasal swab • Nasopharyngeal swab • Throat swab

  19. Microscopy Gram stain ZN stain Bacterial Infection of (RT) Lab. Diagnosis

  20. Bacterial Infection of (RT) Lab. Diagnosis Culture Blood agar Chocolate agar L-J medium

  21. Bacterial Infection of (RT) Treatment After performing sensitivity test.

  22. Thank you I would like to thank: Dr. Philip L. Pokorski Dr. Ross Davidson

  23. Thank you