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THE ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION OF WOMEN IN EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES IN AFRICA. Mrs Wawa Damane , Chairperson Zingce Holdings, South Africa. CONTEXT. Africa has some of the world’s largest mineral reserves and is one of the few largely unexplored regions left
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THE ROLE AND CONTRIBUTION OF WOMEN IN EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES IN AFRICA Mrs Wawa Damane, Chairperson Zingce Holdings, South Africa.
CONTEXT • Africa has some of the world’s largest mineral reserves and is one of the few largely unexplored regions left • Africa is an important player in the international minerals market with 11-45% of world supply of 8 major commodities • Gold, platinum, diamond, copper, uranium, cobalt, manganese, chromite • More than half of the African population is women
CONTEXT • The extractive industry provides the raw materials that make it possible for us to survive and enjoy everyday lives! • Remember - if it cannot be grown, it has to be mined!
Copper • Nickel • Aluminium • Molybdenum • Trona
Mica • Iron Oxides • Titanium Dioxide • Tin Oxide • Silica • Soy Glycerides
Gold • Silver • Chlorine • Aluminium • Zinc Sulfide
ROLE OF WOMEN IN EXTRACTIVES • Women are consumers • Women are miners • Women are mining employees • Women are traders and investors in extractives
LEVELS OF WOMEN’S ROLE IN MINING • Public Sector • Policy making • Private Sector • Large scale mining • Entrepreneurs, governance structures, professionals, service providers • Small scale mining • Entrepreneurs, artisans • Value addition /Beneficiation • Cutting and polishing, jewellery making
ADDRESSING THE MARGINALISATION AND EXCLUSION OF WOMEN • Creating an enabling regulatory environment • Policies and legislation • Changing patriarchal values and attitudes • Education and awareness programmes are critical in changing mind-sets that look negatively at women doing business in mining • Support for small scale women miners, formal and informal • Promote policies which assist small scale mining • Provide support, technical extension services, market facilities • Technical and business skills development • Financial support
ADDRESSING THE MARGINALISATION AND EXCLUSION OF WOMEN • Investment in mineral beneficiation • Support initiative for value addition • Local procurement to strengthen SMME and other local suppliers • Creation of networks and associations