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The 10 Best Maritime Institutes in India 2019

Bridging this academics and industrial gap is our Monthu2019s issue, u201cThe 10 Best Maritime Institutes in India, 2019u201d. This issue features the best of institutes, which are building the future of maritime industry.

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The 10 Best Maritime Institutes in India 2019

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  1. T H E www.theknowledgereview.com TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success VOL 5 MAY - 2019 ISSUE-8 10 MARITIME INSTITUTES IN 2019 THE BEST INSTITUTE OF MARINE ENGINEERING AND MARITIME STUDIES PRAVEENYA PRAVEENYA Providing Learners a Route for Excellence in Marine Engineering

  2. From the EDITOR Anmol Preet Singh k n b p k sdyb Surfing the Wave of ‘Make in India’ I Indian Vessel requirement within the country and is benefitting the vibrant n the same way as any other sector, Make in India is producing many new prospects in the maritime industry, especially in shipbuilding and its repair industry. The initiative launched in 2014 is playing a crucial role in the current shipping industry enormously. The industry is also taking a big leap in the volume of cargo and passengers being moved through the waters. This means that there b will be more demand for coastal ships, barges and passenger vessels, which would offer more opportunities to local shipyards. u Utilizing government policies, the industry is encouraging Make in India assets with the objective of providing a facelift to local trades. The industry is enhancing j k e India's global shipbuilding using skilled labor and cost-effective workforce, a well- established steel industry, technical expertise, and the increased demand for u skilled workers. This will not only boost production but will also help in setting up p c more ancillary units for making spare parts. Further, the reason why the Indian b navy is approaching the Make in India initiatives aggressively is that it wants to rely on its own powers and resources rather than those of others. Likewise, many x p jk d kp z xc j i qz a d kp z xc kp z xc other Indian shipyards are developing, investing, planning, and accessing capital markets to play a significant role in the Make in India programs.T R v vb vb k d k d z xc j i qa e d z x e b x b x b q kp b u kp vb j i u ez b x qa d e vb b x b x j i vb b u qa qa e b j i e i s b u b u

  3. Editor-in-Chief Pooja M. Bansal Managing Editor Ananda Kamal Das Executive Editor Anmol Preet Singh Art & Design Head Amol Kamble Associate Designer Poonam Mahajan Art & Picture Editor Rahul Kavanekar Co-designer Karan Gaikwad Business Development Manager Ankush Patel Marketing Manager Truptesh Patil Sales Executives Priyanka, Krutika, Aditi Technical Head Pratiksha Patil Technical Specialist Amar Sawant Digital Marketing Manager Prashant Chevale SME-SMO Executives Manoj Circulation Manager Tanaji MAY, 2019 We are also available on : Off. No. 22 & 510, Rainbow Plaza, Shivar Chowk, Pimple Saudagar, Pune, Maharashtra 411017 Phone - India: +91 7410079881/ 82/ 83/ 84/ 85 Email: info@insightssuccess.in For Subscription: www.insightssuccess.in Copyright © 2019 Insights Success Media and Technology Pvt. Ltd., All rights reserved. The content and images used in this magazine should not be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission from Insights success. Reprint rights remain solely with Insights Success Media and Technology Pvt. Ltd. The Knowledge Review is powered by Insights Success Media and Technology Pvt. Ltd.

  4. CONTENTS Cover Story 08 PRAVEENYA Institute of Marine Engineering and Maritime Studies Providing Learners a Route for Excellence in Marine Engineering 38 CXO 26 Astute Thoughts 18 Co-curricular and Extra Co-curricular Activities Master's Class The Inuence of Technology in the Education Industry (Teaching Methods) - Articial Intelligence (AI) and Machine learning (ML) Director’s Cut “How is Technology Redening Teaching Methods at the Undergraduate and Post- Graduate Levels?”

  5. 16 Anglo Eastern Maritime Academy: Creating the League of Extraordinary Mariners 24 Kunjali Marakkar School of Marine Engineering: Imparting Quality Education and Competent Training to Benet the Challenging Requirements of the Shipping Industry 32 Loyalty Marine Education Trust: Enhancing Knowledge, Skills, and Attitude of Seafarers Articles 20 28 34 EDUCATORS’ ECOSYSTEM Cultivating Strong Staff Culture for Institutional Development LEARNOPEDIA Nurturing Soft Skills is Essential for Career Development of Students CENTERPIECE Trends to Lookout in Marine Industry

  6. OCEAN CONQUERORS OF TOMORROW A s a major influence on weather and climate, the ocean covers 70 percent of Earth’s surface. This percent of area is a home to a wide diversity of living things. It also provides us with the most of our oxygen. The fact that Earth is habitable due to the ocean’s tremendous heat-holding capacity, speaks loud about its importance. Well imagining life without it is hard and our planet would be a victim to the enormous temperature locations, which the humans obviously cannot cope. The ocean has been a vital part in the growth of human cultures, as well as its critical part in the workings of the Earth system. For food, medication, transport, and trade, we depend on its waters. Additionally, for entertainment purposes, the ocean is a location to relax. We holiday on the beach, read books and purchase pictures which say of their moods and depths. These and other concepts emphasize the value of the sea in our daily life but in our classrooms, it is mainly overlooked. Most educators are unprepared to learn about marine science topics and managers do not consider the ocean to be worthy subjects. In addition, learners are naturally interested in the sea as well as its key position in many of our social problems today. They are thrilled to study their people and to explore their profound secrets.. This figure implies that the professional opportunities in relation to the sea are infinite for today’s learners. Bridging this academics and industrial gap is our Month’s issue, “The 10 Best Maritime Institutes in India, 2019”. This issue features the best of institutes, which are building the future of maritime industry. On the cover, we have Praveenya Institute of Marine Engineering and Maritime Studies, which is providing a well-disciplined quality culture and teaching through latest techniques, committed faculty, and well-established facilities. Besides that we have featured, Anglo Eastern Maritime Academy, Karjat Kunjali Marakkar School of Marine Engineering, Cochin Loyalty Marine Education Trust, Marine Education Charitable Trust, Neotia Institute of Technology & Marine Engineering, Orissa Maritime Academy, Sakshi Institute of Maritime Foundation, Trident Institute of Maritime Studies, and Zasha Institute of Maritime Studies. While enlightening yourself with the knowledge about these institutes, do not forget the expert’s viewpoint on the industry. Also, do checkout masterly articles crafted by our in-house editors. Well, Bon Voyage! T R

  7. PRAVEENYA INSTITUTE OF MARINE ENGINEERING AND MARITIME STUDIES: Providing Learners a Route for Excellence in Marine Engineering

  8. To be one of the most trusted and leading institutes to provide a path for excellence to its students in Marine Engineering and lead the country in “Make In India” or “Young India”

  9. A mariner believes that a smooth sea never made a skilled sailor; with this belief, Praveenya Institute of Marine Engineering and Maritime Studies (PRIME) set the destiny of the young and enthusiastic mariners. The institute was setup in 2006, in a sprawling campus of 12.7 acres land with lush green surroundings at MODAVALASA,Denkadamandal, Vizianagaram District, 30Km away from Visakhapatnam, the city of destiny by a group of academicians and professional engineers. PRIME is the only approved Marine Engineering College in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana for Marine Engineering Degree courses. It believes in grooming, developing, and producing skillful marine engineers. Chairman’s Message I have been able to effectively combine my Engineering knowledge with a mindset naturally inclined to business orientation and in this, I have been amply rewarded. I, as well as my company Apex Encon Projects Pvt. Ltd., have achieved a good measure of recognition as well as success in my chosen field of professional endeavor. It is for this reason that I have had a strong desire to give something of myself back to the Engineering Education that gave me my initial start in life. Hence, the establishment of this college and the nurturing of its growth has been the most emotionally fulfilling of all my activities. As the saying goes, it is not the ship so much as the skillful sailing that assures the prosperous voyage; PRIME grooms marine aspirants into becoming a Fine Marine Engineerswith good practical knowledge. It is the holistic impact of the outstanding state-of-the-art campus and overall infrastructures, which renders the training to future marine engineers. Conveying its message to the students, the institute states,“To fulfill the dreams of dynamic and enthusiastic youngsters, to see the world, and earn lakhs of rupees can be made possible by joining merchant navy as Marine Engineers. These dreams can be made real by joining Praveenya Institute of Marine Engineering and Maritime Studies”. I have strived to provide the best of infrastructure, including the latest in teaching aids and well- experienced faculty with teaching as well as industrial experience. I have also tried to create a good learning environment in natural surroundings. The institute is on the mission to provide a well- disciplined quality teaching through latest techniques, committed faculty, and well-established facilities. The institute is committed to build confidence in expressing new ideas through student’s interactive sessions in every phase of course, assuring continual improvement. Experienced faculty from Marine background guides these future mariners to fight the battle of the sea and face any challenges that may arise during the voyage. NekkantiRama Rao, Chairman Director’s Message The sailor’s dream is at the horizon. To impart the knowledge I have garnered over the years, as a Marine Engineer and head of shipbuilding, Experience at ship repairs division of Hindustan Shipyard Limited, Visakhapatnam, to promising young marine engineers, the desire to share my learning with my students and therefore learn more made me join this prestigious institute. In Marine Engineering, PRIME offers four-years B.E/B.Tech Marine Engineering residential course, three-year B.Tech Marine Engineering, (lateral entry Marine Engineering), and one-year Graduate Marine Engineering. All these programs enjoy the approval of DG Shipping, Ministry of shipping, Government of India; AICTE, New Delhi. And affiliation to Andhra University. P.V. Gopala Rao, Director After sailing for sixteen years, P.V.Gopala Rao resigned from sea life and joined Hindustan Shipyard Ltd as Manager in 1994. After serving ship repairs division for 7 years and

  10. PRIME assists students in getting jobs and passed out students are sailing with reputed companies “

  11. Corporation of India, and the Vizag Port Trust, which allow them to learn the practical knowledge prior joining the ships. “ We are the one and only institute in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana As far as scholarships are concerned, the institute provides grants from IME, India to learners who are financially disadvantaged. In addition, in-house grants also provide qualified applicants with worthy learners and government bonds. grooming the enthusiastic “ youngsters as Marine Engineers The Institute’s Benchmarks shipbuilding division for 15 years in various capacities and as General Manager,he has been instrumental in overseeing construction of ships, attending to sea trials, and subsequent handing over of ships to owners. During the tenure in the shipyard, he has been actively involved in teaching ship repairs and shipbuilding subject to Trainee Marine Engineering enrolled in HSL. Over the journey of the decade, the institute has been able to achieve many notable achievements. In the academics and also regarding placements, 85% of passed out students have been placed in shipping companies and some of the students are sailing in reputed shipping companies like Dynacom Tankers Management Pvt. Ltd., SSS Maritime Services And Consultants Pvt. Ltd., Vgg India Pvt. Ltd., M/S. West line Ship Management Private Limited, Naavex Marine Services, Zodiac, Ocean Sparkle Limited, IMS Ship Management Pvt. Ltd., Saibhya Shipping Agro-Marine Pvt Ltd, Udya Shipping Services Pvt. Ltd., Shanti Marine Services Private Limited, Sindhu Marine, Sea Trading Services & Ship Management Pvt. Ltd., etc. The All Round Infrastructure The full infrastructure of PRIME consists of a ship-in- campus,computer lab, digital and electric laboratory, mechanical laboratory,liquid mechanical laboratory, boiler chemical laboratory, fuel-testing laboratory, blacksmith shop, welding shop, and a fitting shop. An engine room simulator, library, swimming pool, large playground, outdoor sports, indoor gymnasium, etc., all of which make teaching as true as feasible. The main engine and auxiliary equipment mounted on board the vessel will provide potential sailors with practical expertise during the whole exercise to gain a stronger grasp of the functioning of engine room machinery. Guiding the Newbies In order to promote maritime education,the PRIME’s head, faculty, and employees will continue to visit 10 + 2 colleges and four years of engineering schools in advance, in order to encourage marine schooling. The aim is to inform learners about Marine Engineering throughYouTube,advertising, Google, television, and newspapers. Adapting to the Industry Trends and Applications There is nothing more important for young sailors than the call to get up for regular practice early in the morning. Adhering to the same, PRIME offers convenient accommodation, in house cooked meals, and medical treatments as you can imagine in your home. The college and hostel also have high-speed internet connectivity with Wi-Fi. The sailors are inspired by their discipline, honor, and resolve to navigate across the elevated seas from the day they enter the university. The Institute adheres to current trends and discoveries regularly. Academics for learners take on the modifications in shipping regulations, etc. and influence recent trends in the field of transport. This is an ongoing method and is a commitment to PRIME. Chief Engineers and Marine Professionals often talk to learners about updating trends in Marine Education. T R Excellent Career and Exposure Opportunities As PRIME is a rightly located, students are exposed to marine fields, i.e. Hindustan Shipyard Ltd, the Dredging

  12. S Maritime Academy (AEMA) trains officers and cadets to achieve their dreams. The academy is a part of the globally established Anglo Eastern Univan group, which provides third-party ship management services to over 700 ships belonging to various ship owners worldwide. The academy was set up in 2009 at Karjat to realize the dream of having all the ships manned totally by Anglo Eastern in-house trained officers and cadets. It is on the mission to educate and train them to the highest standards in the maritime industry, making learning enjoyable and effective in the workplace. Mastering the latest technology and trends, the institute offers practical, theoretical, audio-visual, and computer-based simulator training to groom cadets into competent mariners. Presently, the campus has a yearly intake of 240 DNS cadets, 200 GME cadets, and 80 ETOs. ituated in the heart of the Sahyadri valley, near Karjat, on the banks of Ulhas river, and surrounded by beautiful mountain ranges, the Anglo Eastern Cadets from the Academy’s earlier batches have gone on their way to becoming Masters and Chief Engineers. The Ideal Location The academy lies midway between Mumbai and Pune, being just 100 kilometers away from either side. For transportation, the nearest airports are Mumbai International and Pune, and Karjat is well connected by national highway and the multi-lane express highway between Mumbai and Pune. The academy’s surrounding provides a peaceful environment catering to better training and learning. Additionally, the weather around this location is pleasant throughout the year. Calling it a ship on land, the academy states that the serene sky above the academy is a boon for the students, where they can excel in their pursuit of becoming proud officers of tomorrow. 16 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  13. The Robust Curriculum With respect to quality education, the academy states, “Mere gloss and granite do not make good training grounds. More than the infrastructure, AEMA’s greatest strength lies in its faculty who go much beyond just teaching IMU and Director General of shipping prescribed syllabus”. The curriculum at AEMA is clearly defined by the university or administration, with great emphasis on theory along with practical and real life situations. At AEMA, training is on a continuous pro-active mode, where cadets are introduced to the future and upcoming technology. Further, for students’ personality and skill development, it conducts special sessions for all its cadets by trained professionals under the following topics: · Meal etiquettes · Health and hygiene · Critical thinking · Communication · Prioritization · Purposeful positive thinking · Setting goals · Wellness at sea · Toastmasters club for speaking skills Excellence Award 2018 under award category; Award of Excellence in Academy, and Maritime Indoor Sports Leagues under award category; “Certification of Valuable support”. Fabricating Industry-Ready Students While talking about the promotion of maritime education, the academy states, “To become a merchant seafarer you need to undergo specialist training to achieve professional seafaring certification and educational qualifications”. This training takes place at sea, on board shipping companies’ vessels, and in specialist colleges and universities. AEMA is confident that it can help the scholars to achieve the skills, knowledge, qualification, and certification to be the best human resource on board vessel. AEMA has an outstanding placement record in the industry. Till date, AEMA has trained and placed on board about 1200 GME cadets, 280 ETO cadets, and 1880 Deck cadets. All of them are working their way upwards to become Captains, Chief Engineers & Electrical Officers respectively of their respective ships. It also provides all the four mandatory STCW courses along with Security Course and OCTCO. Recognition at a Glance Industry Trends and Application Within the short period of just a decade, the academy has been bestowed with many awards and recognition. For the year 2016 and 2017, the institute consecutively won Samudra Manthan Award under the award category; Training Institute of the year and Logistic Academy of the year. The academy keeps itself in line with the latest technology and updates its curriculum regularly. It assures that it has invested in the new trends of the industry by keeping the following in mind; State of Art English Teaching Lab, Ship-handling and ECDIS Simulators, E-learning Facilities, Smart Boards, Basic and Advanced Engine Room Workshops with Engine Control Room. Further, it has Dedicated Control and Electronics Workshops for ETOs, Mockup Tanker Model, Scaled Down Version of a Dry- dock, E-Library, Ballast Water Treatment Plants of 2 makes. T R In the year of 2018, it achieved Hospitality India & Travel Award 2018 under award category; Most Scenic Academicy in Maharashtra, followed by Confederation of education 17 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  14. “HOW IS TECHNOLOGY REDEFINING TEACHING METHODS AT THE UNDERGRADUATE AND POST-GRADUATE LEVELS?” A ccording to some reports, there are nearly 2.5 billion people on Facebook; in India, there are nearly 700 million people having internet access; there are over 3.5 billion mobile phone connections in the world. ‘Internet of Things’, or IoT as it is called, is no longer a myth but here to stay. Increasingly, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning seem omnipresent and coupled with Data Analytics, appear to govern the way we live and work. contents meet the requirements and expectations of these AGs? Conventional classroom delivery or teaching methodology is largely based on the premise that the ‘teacher’ knows more and better than the student and hence he/she has to ‘teach’ what he/she thinks the student has to learn. This premise is no longer true. We are dealing with a completely different set of ‘learners’ today. They ‘learn’ best at their own pace, their own space, their own way, and their own contents. They want to decide what to learn, where, how, and when. Teaching methods, particularly in higher education – undergraduate and postgraduate levels – have to be tuned differently in order that the ‘learner’ benefits most from such ‘teaching’. I have started categorising people into two – BG and AG (no longer BC and AD!); ‘Before Google’ and ‘After Google’. These two are very different, as distinct as chalk and cheese! They are born into different environments, different worlds, different contexts. Their thinking is largely conditioned by the environment in which they live(d). Their aspirations and expectations are vastly different. The AGs, in particular, appear to be aliens to those who are BGs. BGs do not understand the AGs – perhaps a very few do! It is often said that information becomes obsolete every 11 hours; so, what the teacher learnt from a text book that itself is two years old the previous night is completely obsolete the next morning when he/she goes to the classroom to teach. Thanks to Wikipedia, Google, and such other technological tools, the latest and most recently updated information is available to the student at the click of a button. We are dealing with learners who are constantly in search of the latest and the most current. They have neither the patience, nor the inclination for the old. Teachers need to change their teaching methodology in order to be effective and successful. The AGs live in a world that is mostly uncertain, complex, unstructured, and ambiguous – many people call this the VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous) world. Research studies on the so called ‘millennials’ or the ‘Gen-Y’ show that these AGs have perceptions that is based not on the past, but the present and the future; not on the theoretical foundations, but on practical applications; not on ‘what was/is’ but ‘what can be’. It is this group of AGs who are learners of today. So, how will conventional classroom delivery of syllabus 18 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  15. Director’s Cut In my view, particularly in management education, ‘lecture’ method should be restricted to not more than 30% of teaching and the remaining 70% should comprise methods that engages the learner in the process of learning. ‘Massive Open Online Courses’ or MOOCs provide a great opportunity to the learners for self-learning. MOOCs provide an affordable and flexible way to learn new skills. ‘Flipped Classroom’ is another methodology for ensuring achievement of expected learning outcomes. This provides for the learners to be an integral part of the teaching-learning process through intense discussions and critical questioning. Use of audio and visual clips can enhance learning. In other words, it is of importance that the learner is actively engaged in the learning process. It is necessary for the teacher to recognise and use the conceptual framework of David Kolb and the learning styles. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Prof. Balasubramanian is currently the Director of GRG Centre for Advanced Studies, Coimbatore. He is a Graduate in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Madras and holds PG Diploma in Management (MBA) from IIM Calcutta. ‘Bring Your Own Device’ or BYOD has been a frequently word acronym in education. Recognising the impact of technology and the benefits that the teachers and learners gain from extensive use of technology, BYOD policy enables the teacher and the learner to communicate with each other and continuously learn without the constraints of physical space, time, and geography. It helps enhance critical thinking skills through discussions and debates. He has 30 years of experience in industry – private and public sector in India and abroad. He has been in the academia since 1999. His focus in management education is in the design and development of curriculum, and faculty development. He is passionate on the effective use of technology in management education. Ultimately, the purpose of education, in my view, is to imbibe the ability to question critically, to distinguish between right and wrong, to learn and share new knowledge, to acquire new skills, and to internalise all these for becoming a vastly desirable human. Technology is impacting education in a big way. The ‘how’ part of education is undergoing never-before changes – the teaching methodology of the past is no longer adequate to meet the challenges thrown by advancements in technology. It is the responsibility of teachers to recognise the changes and embrace technology not only to survive but to stay relevant.T R He serves as a Member of the Council of Management of All India Management Association (AIMA); Education Panel of CII Southern Region; Education Panel of CII Coimbatore Zone; and, the Managing Committee of Coimbatore Management Association. 19 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  16. Educators' Ecosystem Cultivating Strong Staff Culture for Institutional Development 20 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  17. or the development of any educational institution, authorities primarily focus on developing better relationships F spaces is essential, namely- physical, interpersonal, and historical. Maintaining a balance between these three spaces will help leaders to cultivate and promote an efficient organizational culture. Understanding these critical human needs will help to understand the deep happiness that keeps educators attentive and engaged for the long haul. among educators. Similar to any organization, in an educational institution, the leader has to act responsibly and set the tone. They have to nurture harmony and promote team work among the staff. In order to do so, focusing on three 21 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  18. Overcoming the Physical Space and makes them feel like they are a part of something bigger. A dedicated leader can take proper notes from the past, and take future decisions accordingly. This will help them to take steps which will contribute in unifying all the staffs’ perspectives and opinions. It will promote unity and understanding and help the staff to accomplish academic and administrational objectives in a dedicated manner. All of us may have witnessed how flexible classroom environments transform education. But authorities should pay the same amount of attention to the learning needs of teachers. They can work together and conduct professional gatherings, which will help teachers to break the barriers of intercommunication and promote a sense of togetherness. Efficient leaders are focused not only on improving productivity, but also pay attention towards making the school establish its historical narrative as a collaborative, creative, and continuous endeavor. Many institutions have led their faculty through a designed procedure to help the faculty gain a clear sense of their history. The school leaders have to shoulder the important responsibility of understanding and acknowledging the rich history and then envision a bright future. This will help the faculty to gain positive experiences, introduce innovative teaching–learning procedures, and frame the curriculum based on the past experiences. Unified Efforts are Essential for Better Outcomes School leaders can create various opportunities for members to interact and know each other well. This will help them to explore new dimensions of professional learning experiences. Authorities can conduct various activities which would foster teamwork and understanding among the teachers. Interesting activities will not only break the daily monotony, but will also contribute in enhancing knowledge and promote research and inquisitiveness. Educators spend most of the time indoors, imparting knowledge to the students. Steps can be taken to conduct fun activities involving both teachers and students, where they can step outside the classroom occasionally. This will give them the opportunity to think outside the box, explore their potential, and experience education in a fun way. An institution may be endowed with state-of-the-art infrastructure, flexible time schedules, interdisciplinary programs, feedback models, and so on. But, if the faculty and staff do not trust each other and work in unison, they will struggle to bring their ideas to life. It will be difficult for them to provide quality education to the students, nurture them, and transform them into responsible professionals. If the leader does not spend sufficient energy and efforts to cultivate genuine relationships and trust, they will not be able to successfully implement their brilliant ideas. The active participation of staff members is the key towards smooth functioning of any educational institution. Their success and failure will determine the trajectory of the institution. Leaders can play an important role by constantly encouraging the staff members. They can provide them the scope to review each other’s performance. It will help them to learn collectively and take steps for their own and others’ betterment. For better outcomes, teachers and staff should interact and know each other well, as sharing cherished memories and joyful moments will help them to bring transformational changes in education. Nurturing the Interpersonal Space Educational leaders have to master themselves in various fields. They have to perform as technicians, attend meetings, interact with communities, work together as a team, and provide students the best educational experience. In order to attain excellence in educational endeavors, teachers have to constantly hone their skills and maintain healthy and positive interactions with each other. Experts are of the opinion that elements including structures, process, and patterns, play an important role in any institution’s proper functioning. Factors like relationships, information, and identity are also crucial as they create room for meaningful connections between people centered around shared values and mutual purpose. Focusing on the Historical Space is of Utmost Importance Every person associated with an institution cherishes some sort of memory about the same. It is an integral component which connects each member with the other. Although, each person has their unique memory associated with the institution, but it is something which keeps them connected T R 22 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  19. L youngest department of CUSAT.It was started with an orientation to spread its wings everywhere to encompass new and emerging frontiers of the academic horizon and encouraging job prospects in Merchant shipping. CUSAT was originally known as the University of Cochin but then was renamed in 1971 through an act of Legislature of Kerala. The process of reorientation resulted in redefining the objectives as “the promotion of Graduate and Post Graduate Studies and Advanced Research in Applied Science, Technology, Industry, Commerce, Management and Social Science”. ocated in the heart of Cochin University of Science and Technology (CUSAT),Kunjali Marakkar School of Marine Engineering (KMSME) is the The Syndicate, Academic Council, and Senate are principal authorities of the University. The academic structure includes Engineering, Environmental Studies,Humanities,Law Marine Science,Medical Sciences,Science,Social Science, and Technology. In addition to being a government-owned university, it enjoys the support from the State Government and ministry of HRD, DST and Government of India fund departments of the University. The institute is on the mission to develop a full-fledged marine engineering campus with effective and adequate infrastructure with well-qualified and experienced teachers and staff, meeting all the international standards for 24 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  20. conducting various marine engineering and related courses. Regarding the quality policy, the institute states,“We are committed to achieving excellence and leadership in all our endeavors to impart quality education and competent training to benefit the challenging requirements of the shipping industry by complying with all applicable rules and regulations and shall strive for continual improvement”. KMSME started its first batch of 4-year B-Tech Marine Engineering programme in 2003. The presences of various departments, which even, have their own strong research wings, enable the cadets to acquire profound knowledge in every topic as they wish. The institute is ISO - 9001-2015 certified, approved by DG shipping and AICTE, received “Grade A1” (“outstanding”) by Indian Register of Shipping. Additionally, the Government of India published a postage cover of KMSME to celebrate its decennial year in 2013. Courses and Academic structure The B.Tech degree programme in Marine Engineering is designed to provide the students with modern and sound education in basic science and engineering subjects, along with an in-depth knowledge of the various facets of marine engineering. Intensive practical training of six months is given to all cadets inside the DG approved Ship-in Campus Lab and in the machinery-overhauling workshop. Further, cadets are provided with practical training in the Full Machine Engine Room Simulator lab. They also get chances to go on board ships to acquire machinery maintenance experience. In addition to the B.Tech degree Course, KMSME also conducts DG approved courses (both at operational and management level) on Engine Room Simulator. M.Tech Marine Engineering and Research work in the same discipline are also being conducted at KMSME. secure coveted jobs in leading shipping companies for a large number of students. The concept of placement has become an integral part of the present day university ethos and is reflected in the expansion of its domain to auxiliary functions like ship management and marine insurance etc. While talking about the graduates, the B.Tech graduates are sailing on the various types of ships as a marine engineer, whereas M. Tech graduates are presently adorning similar positions in various shipyards, classification societies, marine training institutes, etc. The various infrastructure facilities provided by the institute are; Ship-In-Campus Lab, Machine Overhauling Workshop, Control Engineering and Instrumentation Lab, Machine Shop, Electrical Work Shop, Boiler Chemistry Lab, Mechanical Workshop, Fluid Mechanics Lab, Engine Room Simulator, Electronics Lab, Electrical Machine Lab, Mechanical Lab, Strength Of Materials Lab, Cut Models and Rigs Workshop, Heat Engine Lab, Fire Control Lab, Computer Lab, Library, and Hostel. Industry Trends and Adaptation The institute’s recent adaptations in the teaching pedagogy use innovative projects as part of the curriculum. Consequently, students receive greater exposure to the marine field.Apart from that,the Cochin University Department of English and Foreign Languages provide continuous English learning to the students through courses and language lab. Infrastructure expansions are also going on in the campus to include more facilities such as swimming pools, CCTV, biometric and online attendance system,and alumni association, etc.T R Career Opportunities and Exposures KMSME’s Placement cell facilitates the dissemination of information about employment/ higher education opportunity. Placement talks and campus interviews are also arranged for the students. The cell has been able to 25 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  21. The Inuence of Technology in the Education Industry (Teaching Methods) - Articial Intelligence (AI) and Machine learning (ML) S ince past, many years technology has been improving the education industry and thus developing entire human race. Technology has made our classrooms digital with screens, projectors, etc. There are advanced labs set up for computer programming, Bloomberg terminals for finance and equity learning, etc. The technology was very much essential since students learn much more by doing (experiential learning) than by listening or seeing. Educational institutions are charging technology fees or infrastructure fees which is required to build such high- class infrastructure for better learning. feedback, exercises and explanations and intervention to promote self-regulation, self-monitoring, and self- explanation would revolutionize engagement. Algorithms can help in clustering the students in similar groups based on their ways of learning and evaluating the outcome. Chatbots using Natural Language Processing and Deep Learning can answer common student’s queries. AI will free-up teachers and give more time for one-on-one interaction with the students and solve more complicated personal or behavioral issues or misconceptions. Advanced Machine Learning using Text Mining and computer vision can also help in evaluating answer sheets which are in the form of free-form text. It does not mean AI will replace teachers. The role of the teachers will remain intact to take care of individual learning needs for every student. The access to the internet and online resources enables researchers to share their ideas and knowledge on specific topics which can be accessed by anybody around the world. The Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) have opened a new world of knowledge. Top Universities and Professors around the world are launching their courses via MOOC which can be accessed by anyone in any corner of the world. We can say this as an example of democratizing education which is good for humanity as a whole. There are many startups in EduTech space which are also working towards same. Machine Learning can predict strengths and weakness of a student in particular subject, his learning pace and understanding level. By analyzing their test scores, worksheets, interactions and their course, helps in creating a significantly different and unique learning pathway which is customized and fun-filled. There are multiple ways of applying AI in the education system. One of the most widely accepted and used is Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS) which have given a significant impact and made progress in past few years. All of this creates a huge amount of data regarding lectures, content, videos, etc. Students sometimes get lost in the sea of information and need help in analyzing and evaluating the information and also determining the authenticity and validity of the content. The main challenge is the adoption of technology is to upskilling of the teaching staff. They need to learn new technical skills to be relevant. On the other side, artificial intelligence can also analyze teacher's data (subject, content, methods, evaluation criteria, etc.) and give feedback to improve the teaching process. Teachers can take that feedback positively and takes necessary steps to improve. Whatever we have discussed till now have already been implemented in most of the developed countries, but the developing nations are still very far. AI can also predict the career path for the students which is very complicated and sensitive decision to be made. Currently, it takes all the factors including parent's profession, society preference, market trend and highest paid jobs. But it does not take into consideration student’s interest, behavior, likes dislikes, aptitude, etc. AI can take all these factors and predict a better career path for the students. The fourth industrial revolution has brought new technologies like Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, Internet of Things (IoT), Machine learning, Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, etc. Their technologies are going to completely transform the world and almost all the industries including education industry. Experiential learning will reach a new height with the help of virtual reality and augmented reality. There are many apps already available for this. AI and Machine Learning can have a tremendous impact on the education industry. It can help us find the solutions for all the problems which were existing in the education industry but were getting neglected. It can revolutionize the entire education industry just based on past data and harnessing that to make data-driven and better decisions.T R Machine Learning will help in personalizing the learning for individual student and redesigning the assessments. Artificial intelligence can help in tracking the mental steps which a student take to approach a problem and modify the 26 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  22. Master's Class Ram Manohar Head of Business Analytics- Pune Institute of Business Management About the Author Ram Manohar, a dynamic leader & machine learning enthusiast, is the Head of Business Analytics & Data Science division at Pune Institute of Business Management. He has around eight years of industry experience in Business Analytics and Data Science. He holds a Computer Science & Engineering degree from Cochin University of Science and Technology and Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM) from Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Udaipur. 27 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  23. LEARNOPEDIA Nurturing Soft Skills is Essential for Career Development of Students T oday’s students are the future employers and employees of leading business organizations around the world. Hence, it is crucial that they enhance their soft skills to stand out among the crowd as indispensible assets to multinational organizations. These skills are related to personality traits and play an important role in transforming students into outstanding corporate resources. Hence, to embark on a successful journey of educational and career excellence, students have to employ various strategies to upgrade their soft skills, which have been mentioned below. Developing Emotional Intelligence A classroom consists of different types of students. Some may demonstrate high levels of emotional intelligence, while some may lack this ability. Emotional intelligence describes how friendly a student is with others. Measuring this criterion will give the teachers an idea, on how to interact individually with each student. Soft skill training programs can assist students to properly handle interpersonal relationships with a strong sense of empathy. It will also help them to monitor the emotions of others and come up with detailed idea about other peoples’ behavior and thinking patterns. Sharpening soft skills will also help in overcoming prejudices. As a result, students can have strong influence on the lives of other students with low emotional quotient. Such students can objectively look at every situation, without developing any pre-conceived judgments about others. Building Interpersonal Relationships Classrooms provide scope of increased interactions between students. Students develop friendly relations with each other while communicating during class 28 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  24. 29 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  25. Improving Students’ Communication hours or participating in group assignments. As a result, mutual interactions with each other open the doors for a strong educational base, along with a healthy competitive environment in the classroom. In order to nurture better interpersonal relationships, it is essential to instruct students about the ideal classroom behavior. Some students may behave well in the classroom, while there might be others who need to be taught about maintaining acceptable classroom decorum. Learning soft skills boosts a student’s self-confidence. These skills enhance their ability to adapt to changing situations. They develop a sense of cooperation and working together in groups. It also assists them to express themselves better, for example, in college forums, debate competitions, and so on. Soft skill training improves a student’s communication skills, which is essential to succeed not only as a student, but also to excel as an efficient resource for any institution. Team spirit is an essential soft skill which should be inculcated by every student, not only for individual growth, but also to achieve group objectives. As such, the student will work towards the ultimate goal, communicating with the rest of the team in a manner which will be beneficial to the entire class. Assist to Ace in Examinations Developing social etiquette among the students will strengthen their friendship, understanding, and sense of empathy. Students who quickly befriend others and maintain a friendly relationship with them, gain a lot of knowledge and new information from others and can also receive emotional support from them when needed. Enhancing Understanding of Classroom Lectures For every student, learning new things in the class is of prime concern. Keeping this requirement in mind, teachers can nurture their soft skills, which can be instrumental in transforming learning into an interesting, educative, and worthwhile experience. Incorporating soft skills can assist students to adapt to different teaching and learning patterns. As a result, they will try to assimilate and learn from what has been taught in class. By learning soft skills, students can also solve various problems in their surroundings and those related to their course or subject matter. Teachers and parents should allow students to understand and draw inferences from the subject matter taught. This will help them to develop new techniques and solutions to face various academic and social problems. Unleashing the Leader Within During the time of examinations, students who are blessed with or have worked to enhance their soft skills will be at advantage. They can utilize their problem solving skills along with the ability to express themselves better, to perform well in the exams. Enhancing soft skills will not only help to prepare for different types of questions, but will also instill thinking skills to solve numeric and quantitative problems. Upgrading Presentation Skills Every individual has to carry out presentations during their academic tenure. It is a part and parcel of the curriculum. Students are asked to share their opinions about a certain topic in the classroom. This not only gives students to explore their oratory skills, but also but helps them to delve deep towards nurturing their writing skills. Debates and presentations allow students to not only form opinions about a certain topic, but also stand up and voice their opinion in front of a gathering. This combination of written and oratory expressions, if incorporated in the daily routine, can help in enhancing students’ soft skills. It is very important for students to brush up on their soft skills. This will assist them to excel in the career front and make a mark in this highly competitive world. Working up on soft skills will not only help in a students’ academic and personality development, but will open doors for numerous avenues in the career front. Many students are born leaders, but lack the skill to implement their leadership skills. For them, soft skills can come in handy, which can boost their moral and confidence and encourage them to tackle challenges with a game face on. Through soft skill training, students can motivate themselves to take on leadership roles and guide others towards better outcomes. Students who lead from the front, can speak for their team, and can impress the judge or faculty by completing the project in time. Exceptional leadership quality also builds a sense of trustworthiness among other students. Additionally, soft skills like assertiveness will help students to express their opinion and stand their own ground as a leader. T R 30 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  26. T marine training and thereby achieving an overall improvement of the quality of seafarers. Accordingly, the institute has developed a pool of high caliber seafarers trained at all levels to work in the demanding shipping industry. The Trust enjoys the approval of Directorate General of Shipping (DGS), Ministry of Shipping Govt of India, and is an ISO 9001: 2015 certified institute. he historic year was 2016 when the foundation stone of Loyalty Marine Education Trust (LMET) was laid. The objective was to impart Security Training For Seafarers With Designated Security Duties (STSDSD Refresher of Fire Prevention and Fire Fighting (FPFF) Refresher of Personal Survival Techniques (PST) Oil and Chemical Tanker Cargo Operations (OCTCO) Liquefied Gas Tanker Cargo Operations (LGTCO) Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ Using this profound curriculum, the institute has trained more than 3000 students in the shipping sector and they have made the institution proud with their successful designations in the sector. Under the guidance of prominent DG members, the Trust has conducted free courses to around 250 candidates in Minicoy and Kavaratti, Lakshadweep under Maritime Initiative for Lakshadweep DGS approved courses offered by the institutes are:- • Basic Safety Training Course (PSSR, PST, FPFF & EFA) 32 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  27. Islanders. The Trust quotes, “We took immense pleasure to give them guidance and adequate knowledge about the maritime sector and also assisted them in applying for their INDOS No and CDC”. Moreover, it has also managed ships of a few ship owners, which has helped the students in acquiring respectable positions. As a result, the institute is further eliminating unemployment and has been working hard to get management from more ship owners. The All-Around Student Development LMET has qualified professionals as its faculties, who are highly experienced in their respective designations while serving at sea or ashore. The institute goes beyond traditional teaching and focuses on providing practical sessions and discussions in the classroom. Teaching past the conventional bookish knowledge, the institute broadens student’s horizons. It combines videos and slideshows, which aid students to understand better. It also conducts technical and non-technical things to ensure overall development of students. The classes are very interactive and faculties ensure that every student understands what is being taught before proceeding. At the end of the sessions, LMET does conduct tests as well. Additionally, the courses at LMET are challenging, yet informative, so that the students are well aware of the competitive market. With its modular courses and other value-added offerings, there is a large variety of students on campus, providing everyone the opportunity to interact and learn from each other. With the up-to-date library facilities and diverse software in the campus, students can easily access study materials to ensure quality output thus developing their skills, which will help them to cope with the world outside the campus. also conducts and attends several seminars regarding new trends and changes in the shipping industry. On a personal level, the institute works on each student. It briefly examines each student's areas of strengths and weakness. Depending on the evaluation, it also conducts extra sessions, classes, discussions, and focus on the enhancing communication skills. They are enlightened about the latest trends and changes in the industry in relation to the marine sector, improving their leadership skills. In the near future, the institute is planning to more DGS approved courses. Promoting Maritime Education While talking about the promotion of Maritime Education, the Trust states, “We conduct free classes for maritime awareness, also providing knowledge about day to day changes in the maritime sector. Also, as we had already mentioned that we gave free education to more than 250 students in Lakshadweep thus promoting maritime education and we will continue doing this social work”. T R As far as the industry trends and application goes, LMET keeps itself updated and complies with the new rules and regulations set by IMO and DG Shipping, Mumbai, which as a result helps in giving better outcome to the students. It 33 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  28. CENTERPIECE 34 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  29. Trends To Lookout in MARINE INDUSTRY 35 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  30. T he marine sector will face the impact of various developments and difficulties, all thanks to the increase of developing nations, fresh customer categories, and the strong demand for resources. The key issue is; how it is going to be? Will it be or will it not be integrated as a sector with several competitors? Although many important developments in marine industries will influence activities, we think it will be a triangular interplay between individuals, markets, and natural assets, which will influence the future of the marine sector. term financial development in emerging economies. An increase in customer expenditure in emerging economies is one result for the marine industry. It will create possibilities for long-term development for container fleets. Growing Acceptance and Need for Hybrid Solutions Every day, innovations are produced that decrease boats’ environmental footprint. In both recognition and the need for hybrid alternatives, we can also see development. The great concern is linked to present and future laws on emissions, but also to the public’s sense of cleaner alternatives. Not only are hybrid alternatives more environmentally friendly, but they also lead to lower energy expenses as well as lower energy usage in many instances. Engine improvements, improved propeller efficiency, and high-tech coatings, as well as friction-reducing air pillows and even skysails, reduce pollution of coal and methane. These advances are only the beginning, as additional specific techniques push the naval sector towards a green and eco-friendly age. Quick Start Guide · Over the next 20 years, the earth will proceed to grow with certain booms and busts. · The change to resource restriction and environmental degradation will result in a willingness to develop a more viable environment and fairness in the allocation of riches. In the context of viable development that follows, governments will discover common ground and rapid financial growth. · States acting in the national interest of themselves. There will be little effort to forge sustainable development and international norms agreement between governments. This is a world of self-interest and zero-sum with a probable increase in protectionism and slower economic growth. Commodity Prices With most emerging worlds slowing down, carbon, iron ore, and crude petroleum, prices are all probable to stay depressed for the coming years. The 5-10 years of slow development ahead for most shippers leads to low transport prices, especially dry bulk shipping, leaving little space for capability reduction. While reduced rates will stimulate more short-term petroleum usage, the connection between financial development and demand for petroleum will collapse as the globe adopts solutions to hydrocarbon fuels and enhances the effectiveness of car diesel. Increase in Usage of Mega-Ships New mega-ships continue to outsize older designs, while new innovations are boosting the marine industry’s effectiveness and overall viable picture. Over the previous few years, ships have grown larger and brighter and this seems to be an ongoing trend. New schemes are developed each year to outsize the present available mega ships and the sky seems to be the limit. This trend is mainly due to containerization and automation, enabling quicker charging and vessel discharge. Digitization The enhanced accessibility of shipping information and developments in Big Data analytics provides shippers with higher market and price trends visibility and helps minimize the drastic boom-and-bust periods that have traditionally plagued the sector. The accessibility of such data-driven analytics enhances tactical choices, enabling decision- makers to select ideal paths, climate circumstances, energy usage, and danger of piracy. It will enable players to behave in ways that mitigate their hazards and create solutions for many of their problems. The year of 2019 could be the year of extended business use of smart containers as transport commences technology testing. With Maersk announcing investments in cheap, disposable monitoring systems this year, the sector is already seeing advancement along with previous projects to bring detectors into its full 270,000 refrigerated box fleet. Traxens intends to implement 100,000 intelligent vessels by the end of 2019, including MSC stating that it will provide intelligent container technology for 50,000 dry storage vessels. Furthermore, CargoSmart is linked to more than 40 sea operators to increase the visibility of the supply chain. The extended use of intelligent vessels, according to Navis, will provide another way for shippers to achieve transparency through their production chain in the stream of goods. The marine sector will continue to experience concerns about the renewable energy level, access problems, and public laws with several favorable developments. Furthermore, new innovations cannot be observed in recent years owing to minimal demands from vessel operators/owners and there has been no unique implementation beyond offshore, tankers/containers, freight, fishing, passenger travel such as cruise and yacht, and defense. The sector requires to market fresh clients at some stage. Without that, the development of the industry will reach a cap. Once the regulatory and statutory problems are settled, the sector can see development.T R Long-Term Demographic Shifts Over the next century, shifts in worldwide demographics and demographic development rates will have consequences for the marine industry, combined with long- 36 | MAY 2019 T H E TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  31. Co-curricular and Extra Co-curricular Activities Education is not the learning of facts, but the training of the mind to think –Albert Einstein Prof. Sri Niwas Singh Vice-Chancellor Introduction The real and practical experiences received by the people with help of games, sports, arts, literary, culture, etc are known as co-curricular activities earlier known asExtra- curricular Activities. To a greater extent, the theoretical knowledge gets strengthened and supplemented with relevant co-curricular activities related to the content taught in the classroom. Academic aspects of personality are solely accomplished by classroom, while aesthetic development, character building, spiritual growth, physical growth, moral values, creativity, etc. are supported by co-curricular activities. The execution of academic contents like frankness and clarity in language, creativity and innovation, and overall personality development is supported by co-curricular activities. It helps to develop co-ordination, adjustment, speech fluency, extempore expressions, etc. among students both at the college as well as in the society. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Prof S. N. Singh obtained his M. Tech. and Ph. D. in Electrical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, in 1989 and 1995, respectively. Presently, he is serving as the Vice-Chancellor, Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, Gorakhpur. Dr. Singh received several awards including Young Engineer Award 2000 of Indian National Academy of Engineering, Khosla Research Award of IIT Roorkee, and Young Engineer Award of CBIP New Delhi (India), 1996. Prof Singh is the recipient of Humboldt Fellowship of Germany (2005, 2007) and Otto-monsted Fellowship of Denmark (2009-10). His research interests include power system restructuring, FACTS, power system optimization & control, power quality, wind power, etc. Role of Co-curricular Activities in Student’s Life Besides academics, co-curricular and extra co-curricular activities play instrumental role in shaping and making overall growth and development of human mind. No doubt, one should primarily focus on academic activities to learn and excel the scholarly qualities. However, it is extra co- curricular activities like sports, games, art and culture, etc that provide a good platform for a child/student to outshine 38 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

  32. Astute Thoughts his/her latent potentials to compete with the challenges that come on his/her way. In fact, it enables the children/students to enter into the unopened doors of their lives and become wise enough to go on the ways of the world. The co-curricular activities such as their participation in group activities like debates, quizzes, group discussion, essay completions, brain storming sessions, their interaction with peer groups, etc. make them learn practically and enter into the real life challenges and overcome them by their knowledge and competence. The co-curricular activities facilitate in the multi-facets development of various domains of mind and personality such as intellectual development, emotional development, social development, moral development and aesthetic development. Creativity, enthusiasm, energetic, and positive thinking are some of the important outcomes of the personality development achieved by co-curricular activities. fellow participants, teachers, and people outside the school during cultural activity. ü It develops a sense of belongingness and it becomes very important in decision making situations ü It enhances the interest in the academics. Role of Academic Institutions in Organising Co-curricular Activities If an institution does not promote the extra-curricular and co-curricular activities in proper direction, students might probably go into a situation where they will find chaos with no fruitful outcome. Therefore, the extra-curricular and co-curricular activities should not only be promoted by the institution but suitable mentors should be provided for the same. From level of school to the university, the teachers have great role to enrich their student in all respect through co-curricular activities. Although the role of teachers in the overall personality development of student is almost unlimited even some of them are listed below: Acquisition of knowledge is not limited to what are in books and other sources of literature. Rather knowledge is based on what one learns through the experiences of one’s real life. There are many human beings suffering from many problems which are more psychological than physical. Contentment in life rests on the mental satisfaction that varies from person to person and society to society. A great Indian poet Kabeer had knowledge in himself yet he needed interaction with such a mentor who can enlighten him. Therefore he went to seek the shelter of his guru Ramanand. The world knows well who Kabeer is today. · The institute/university must plan the different activities to be carried out systematically throughout the year without much disturbance of academic. · The concern faculty member should provide sufficient opportunity to their students to perform co-curricular activities without any stress. · The institute should introduce some innovative programmes and encourage the students to effectively participate. Conclusion The academic institutions in their curriculum provide the co-curricular activities for development of the right brain. These facilitate skills of listening, language, fine and gross motor activity, discipline and expression, patience and leadership; all the while reaching the inner core of all that is fine about the human being. The virtues hidden in the inner cores of students can be explored with the help of co- curricular activities. It also helps the students being in the expression and active manifestation of their noble tendencies like, humility, continence, service, generosity, benevolence, ethics, moral, etc. It is also helpful for the natural reflections of basic instincts that found the basis of evolution of character of human being. The students can make worth use of their immense potential and available opportunities and resources only with the active participation in the co-curricular and extra-curricular activities. T R Importance and Benefits of Co-curricular Activities ü It brings healthy competition amongst the students. ü The overall carrier of student shines and the leadership qualities grows in the students. ü It empowers and helps the students to express themselves freely. ü These activities help the students not only to be wise but also be fit and energetic in their lives. It also inculcates the values to respect other’s view and feeling. ü The student gets exposure to organize activity, to develop skills, to co-operate and co-ordinate in different situations. It also provides ample opportunity for self-identification and self-assessment in different situations and circumstances. ü It provides sufficient skill how to behave and manage the situation when they are in contact with organizers, 39 T H E | MAY 2019 TM NOWLEDGEREVIEW NOWLEDGEREVIEW Education. Innovation. Success

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