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Introduction to Frantz Fanon

Introduction to Frantz Fanon

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Introduction to Frantz Fanon

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  1. Introduction to Frantz Fanon 39th Annual Marxist Summer Intensive July 18, 2014 KazembeBalagun kazembe@gmail.com

  2. Goals of Session • Understanding of Frantz Fanon’s life and time • Defining Colonialism and Imperialism • Looking closely at Fanon’s work Wretched of the Earth

  3. Who was Frantz Fanon? • Born July 20 1925 in Martinique, a colony of France • Grew up in a middle class household • Loved the football and the cinema’ • His teacher was…..

  4. AimeCesaire 1913-2008 Founder of Negritude, Member of the Martinique Communist Party

  5. Despite facing racism at home Fanon joins the Free French forces and fights in North Africa. His experience is similar to thousands of Black soliders from the Caribbean, Africa and North America who fought fascism abroad but lived with racism at home.

  6. Fanon relocates to France and attends medical school. He is drawn to the world of Parisian culture, particular the writings of philosopher Jean Paul Sarte.

  7. Radical Psychiatry and National Liberation

  8. Fanon and National Liberation

  9. Fanon’s Influence

  10. Key Themes of Fanon’s Work • Turned Marx and Hegel on its head • Looked at the depersonalizing effects of racism • The role of violence and culture in revolutionary struggle • Help shape Third World Marxism

  11. What is Colonialism/Imperialism? • Imperialism is the point when nation states become monopolized and foreign capital is exported from the home country (metropole) to the subordinate countries. It is monopoly capitalism at its highest stage • Colonialism is a system of exploitation where a foreign power or powers controls the resources of a given terrority. It is settlement of land for the purpose of profit.

  12. Triangle Slave Trade

  13. Sugar Driving World Market

  14. Invisibility of Colonialism/Imperialism

  15. Master Slave Dialectic

  16. Concerning Violence • “Violence is a cleansing force for the oppressed” • Violence is linked to a global strategy against imperialism • Violence is the a link to creating a new people • The challenge of native leadership

  17. Culture • Culture is the consent of rule • Being Black is not enough

  18. Examples of Algerian Revolution

  19. This is the Voice of Algeria