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Ninth Grade Grammar

Ninth Grade Grammar

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Ninth Grade Grammar

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  1. Ninth Grade Grammar

  2. VERB WEEK • Why verbs matter so much • How verbs work • A plethora of verb variations (verbals!) • Writing with strong verbs

  3. We Wear the Mask We wear the mask that grins and lies, It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes,-- This debt we pay to human guile; With torn and bleeding hearts we smile, And mouth with myriad subtleties. Why should the world be overwise, In counting all our tears and sighs? Nay, let them only see us, while We wear the mask. We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries To thee from tortured souls arise. We sing, but oh the clay is vile Beneath our feet, and long the mile; But let the world dream otherwise, We wear the mask! Paul Laurence Dunbar

  4. We Wear the Mask We wear the mask that grins and lies, It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes,-- This debt we pay to human guile; With torn and bleeding hearts we smile, And mouth with myriad subtleties. Why should the world be overwise, In counting all our tears and sighs? Nay, let them only see us, while We wear the mask. We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries To thee from tortured souls arise. We sing, but oh the clay is vile Beneath our feet, and long the mile; But let the world dream otherwise, We wear the mask! Paul Laurence Dunbar Which verbs are transititive and which are intransitive?

  5. We Wear the Mask We wear the mask that grins and lies, It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes,-- This debt we pay to human guile; With torn and bleeding hearts we smile, And mouth with myriad subtleties. Why should the world be overwise, In counting all our tears and sighs? Nay, let them only see us, while We wear the mask. We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries To thee from tortured souls arise. We sing, but oh the clay is vile Beneath our feet, and long the mile; But let the world dream otherwise, We wear the mask! Paul Laurence Dunbar Transitive Intransitive

  6. The Butterfly EffectTransitive Verb Practice A butterfly flaps its wings in Brazil. A tornado devastates a town in Texas.

  7. Immortal Longingsby Robert Pinsky Inside the silver body,Slowing as it banks through veils of cloud,We float separately in our seatsLike the cells or atoms of oneCreature, needsAnd states of a shuddering god.Under him, a thirsty brilliance.Pulsing or steady,The fixed lights of the cityAnd the flood of carlights, coursingThrough the grid: Delivery,Arrival, Departure. Whim. EnteringAnd entered. TouchingAnd touched: downThe lit boulevards, over the bridgesAnd the river like an arm of night.Book, cigarette. Bathroom.Thirst. Some of us are asleep.We tilt, roaringOver the glitteringZodiac of intentions. What is the setting of the poem and how can you tell?

  8. A verb with an “ing” or “ed” ending can be . . . Main verb in the sentence Adjective (participle) Participial phrase Noun (gerund)

  9. A verb with an “ing” or “ed” ending can be . . . • Main verb in the sentence • He was escaping from the tiger • Adjective (participle) • The escaping man ran from the tiger • Participial phrase • Noun (gerund)

  10. A verb with an “ing” or “ed” ending can be . . . • Main verb in the sentence • The fumble ruined the play. • Adjective (participle) • The ruined play involved a fumble. • Participial phrase • Noun (gerund)

  11. A verb with an “ing” or “ed” ending can be . . . • Main verb in the sentence • He was escaping from the tiger. • Adjective (participle) • The escaping man ran from the tiger. • Participial phrase • The man ran, escaping from the tiger. • Noun (gerund)

  12. A verb with an “ing” or “ed” ending can be . . . • Main verb in the sentence • The fumble ruined the play. • Adjective (participle) • The ruined play involved a fumble. • Participial phrase • The play, ruined by a fumble, made Sports Center. • Noun (gerund)

  13. Participial Phrase A phrase that begins with a present (ing) or past (ed) participle of a verb and is attached to an independent clause with a comma. He swam

  14. WHY • Adds action • Creates imagery • Modifies rhythm • Adds sophistication

  15. Can you explain the difference? Examples Non examples He is escaping from a lion. The meerkatis upsetting her mother by scurrying away. She was reviewing her vocab words and studying them carefully. • He ran, escaping the lion. • The meerkat scurried away, upsetting her mother. • She studied her vocabulary words, reviewing them carefully.

  16. Find something in your notebook you’re not especially proud of . . .

  17. Gerunds _________________ is my favorite hobby. I hate ________________________.

  18. Gerund = an “ing” or “ed” form of a verb that acts as a noun 1. The beginning of the play was the best part. 2. We enjoyed the play right from the beginning • Swimming is my favorite summer pastime. • I enjoy swimming.

  19. A verb with an “ing” or “ed” ending can be . . . • Main verb in the sentence • He was escaping from the tiger. • Adjective (participle) • The escaping man ran from the tiger. • Participial phrase • The man ran, escaping from the tiger. • Noun (gerund) • Escaping was his top priority.

  20. A verb with an “ing” or “ed” ending can be . . . • Main verb in the sentence • The fumble ruined the play. • Adjective (participle) • The ruined play involved a fumble. • Participial phrase • The play, ruined by a fumble, made Sports Center. • Noun (gerund) • “Ruined” is what the coach called the play.

  21. Headlines with Gerunds!!!!!!

  22. Immortal Longingsby Robert Pinsky Inside the silver body,Slowing as it banks through veils of cloud,We float separately in our seatsLike the cells or atoms of oneCreature, needsAnd states of a shuddering god.Under him, a thirsty brilliance.Pulsing or steady,The fixed lights of the cityAnd the flood of carlights, coursingThrough the grid: Delivery,Arrival, Departure. Whim. EnteringAnd entered. TouchingAnd touched: downThe lit boulevards, over the bridgesAnd the river like an arm of night.Book, cigarette. Bathroom.Thirst. Some of us are asleep.We tilt, roaringOver the glitteringZodiac of intentions.

  23. What is a gerund? A verb with an “ing” or “ed” ending that becomes a noun when used as the subject or direct object. i.e. swimming is fun I enjoy eating The team took a beating

  24. Article of the Week • Create a mini-video (15 sec or less) • Find and explain • Participial phrase • Particple used as main verb in the sentence • Gerund