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Comprehensive Care Plans

Comprehensive Care Plans

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Comprehensive Care Plans

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  1. Comprehensive Care Plans Tiresa Parker, R.N., C Quality Improvement Compliance Specialist

  2. F 279 The facility must develop a comprehensive care plan for each resident that includes measurable objectives and timetables to meet a resident’s medical, nursing, mental and psychosocial needs that are identified in the comprehensive assessment.

  3. The Care Plan Should develop quantifiable objectives for the highest level of functioning the resident may be expected to attain, based on the comprehensive assessment.

  4. Who Should Be Involved? • Interdisciplinary team (IDT) • Resident • Resident’s family • Surrogate or representative • Physician

  5. Quality Improvement Probes • Does the care plan address: • Needs • Strengths • Preferences identified in the comprehensive resident assessment

  6. Care Planning Guides • The Interdisciplinary Team should show evidence in the resident assessment protocol (RAP) summary or clinical record of the following: • The resident’s status in triggered rap areas; • The facility’s rationale for deciding whether to proceed with care planning; and • Evidence that the facility considered the development of care plan interventions for all RAPs triggered by the MDS.

  7. Care Planning Guides [cont.] • Interdisciplinary means that the professional disciplines, as appropriate, will work together to provide the greatest benefit to the resident. • Was interdisciplinary expertise utilized to develop a plan to improve the resident’s functional abilities?

  8. Care Planning Guides [cont.] • Does staff make an effort to schedule care plan meetings at the best time of the day for residents and their families? • How does the staff communicate this information to the resident and their family?

  9. Care Planning Guides [cont.] • Does facility staff attempt to make the process understandable to the resident and family? • What happens if residents have brought questions or concerns about their care to the attention of facility staff?

  10. Goals for Care Planning • Increase the staff’s knowledge of the resident; • Increase the staff’s knowledge on what to do regarding resident’s care; • Incorporate care plans into ongoing resident chart documentation;

  11. Goals for Care Planning [cont.] • Simplify and individualize the care planning process; • Involve all staff; • Develop a functional resident- centered care plan that is actually used by the staff.

  12. Nursing Process • Encompasses five steps: • Assessment • Problem Statement • Planning (what is the desired outcome?) • Implementation (how to achieve the desired outcome) • Evaluation (was the desired outcome achieved?)

  13. Assessment • Resident • Family/friends • Chart • Previous healthcare providers

  14. Assessment [cont.] • MDS • RAPs • Fall risk assessments • Braden pressure ulcer risk • Mini Mental • Brief Cognitive Rating Scale • Nutritional assessment • Therapy assessment

  15. Problem Statement • Is not • Medical diagnosis • Medical pathology • Treatments or equipment • Diagnostic study

  16. Problem Statement [cont.] • Staff should avoid legally inadvisable or judgmental statements such as • Fear related to visits by spouse • Impaired skin integrity r/t infrequent turning • Risk for impaired nutrition r/t to improper working of feeding pump • Restraints d/t staff’s inability to handle resident

  17. Problem Statement [cont.] • Label • Etiology • Signs & Symptoms

  18. Problem Statement – Three Parts • Label • Describes an actual or potential resident problem that nursing care can influence Example: Alteration in skin integrity

  19. Problem Statement [cont.] • Etiology • The related factors that precede, contribute to, or are associated with the patient’s problem Example: Alteration in skin integrity r/t refusing to turn due to pain r/t end stage cancer

  20. Problem Statement [cont.] • Signs and Symptoms • This is preceded by the words “as evidenced by” Example: Alteration in skin integrity r/t refusal to turn due to pain r/t end stage bone ca as evidenced by stage 4, 5cm x 5cm sacral wound

  21. Problem Statement [cont.] • If the resident has the potential to develop the problem, then only the first two parts are used Example: Risk for alteration in skin integrity r/t to pain and refusing to turn due to end stage bone cancer

  22. Problem Statement –Right or Wrong and WHY • Alteration in mood r/t diagnosis of depression • Risk for falls • Bowel incontinence r/t end stage Alzheimer’s Disease evidenced by daily incontinent stools

  23. Problem Statement – Right or Wrong and WHY [cont.] • Resident requires therapeutic diet, because of diabetes • Indwelling catheter to prevent contamination to ulcer • Reduced ability/inability to feed self r/t dementia with chewing/swallowing difficulty r/t dysphasia • Vest restraint d/t hx of falls

  24. Resident Care Plan • Risk for falls d/t dementia with poor safety awareness and recent CVA with right-sided hemiparesis e/b admitted with a vest restraint for 4 falls from w/c without injury in last 30 days

  25. Goal Statement • Goals can be long or short term • Goals should have an observable, specific behavior • Goals should be specific in content and time • Goals should be attainable

  26. Goal Statement [cont.] • Goals should be written in terms of resident action • There should be one goal statement to one problem statement

  27. Goal Statement [cont.] • Parts of a goal statement • Subject(S)- Resident or a part of the resident • Verb (V) - Action to be performed • Criteria of Performance (CP) - What is to be done • Condition (C) - What is needed (optional) • Time Frame (T) - When the behavior should occur

  28. Goal Statement [cont.] • V Will walk • CP 75 feet • C With aid of rolling walker • T By 5/26/10

  29. Goal Statement [cont.] • S Resident • V Will consume • CP 75% to 100% of all meals • C With feeding assistance of one staff member • T Within 30 days

  30. Goal Statement – Right or Wrong and WHY? • Resident’s hydration will improve over the next 90 days • Resident will be treated with dignity and respect at all times ongoing • Will attempt to have resident cope with his everyday events for 90 days

  31. Goal Statement – Right or Wrong and WHY? • Will assist as able without pain • Maintain with decreased anxiety • Will be restraint free in 30 days

  32. Resident Care Plan • Risk for falls d/t dementia with poor safety awareness and recent CVA with right sided hemiparesis e/b admitted with vest restraint for 4 falls from w/c without injury in last 30 days • Resident will be free from falls with significant injury thru (2 weeks)

  33. Nursing Interventions • Physiological • Psychological • Socio-economic

  34. Approaches • Tells what will be done so that the goal statement can be achieved • Intended to alter the etiology, defining characteristics, or risk factors for a specific nursing diagnosis

  35. Approaches [cont.] • Must be • Realistic • Measurable • Achievable within the time frame specified in the resident goal statement

  36. Approaches [cont.] • Are actions that you (not the resident) will take • Assess pedal pulses • Offer fluids every two hours • Discuss with family importance of not bringing candy to resident

  37. Approaches [cont.] • Are compatible with medical orders • Are compatible with other therapies • Are goal-directed and purposeful • Are safe

  38. Approaches [cont.] • Consider the resident’s individuality • Verbs of caution: • Reassure, teach, support, counsel, encourage, force, provide, reinforce, and maintain

  39. Resident Care Plan • Risk for falls d/t dementia with poor safety awareness and recent CVA with right sided hemiparesis e/b admitted with vest restraint for 4 falls from w/c without injury in last 30 days • Resident will be free from falls with significant injury thru (2 weeks)

  40. Resident Care Plan [cont.] • Approaches • Falls evaluation • Restraint evaluation for least restrictive device and/or elimination of restraint • Physical therapy screening for positioning, restraint reduction, transfers, strengthening • Pharmacy review for medication side effects

  41. Resident Care Plan [cont.] • Monitor resident for side effects of decreased mobility r/t to restraint to include but not limited to: • Pressure ulcer • Decline in bowel and bladder status • Increased agitation • Pain • UTIs The presentation and related material was prepared by QSource, the Medicare Quality Improvement Organization (QIO) for Tennessee, under a contract with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), a federal agency of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Contents do not necessarily reflect CMS policy. QSource-TN-PS-2010-12

  42. Tiresa Parker, R.N., C Quality Improvement Compliance Specialist