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Nematodes, Cestodes , Trematodes

Nematodes, Cestodes , Trematodes

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Nematodes, Cestodes , Trematodes

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  1. Nematodes, Cestodes, Trematodes Slackers Facts by Mike Ori

  2. Disclaimer The information represents my understanding only so errors and omissions are probably rampant. It has not been vetted or reviewed by faculty. The source is our class notes. The document can mostly be used forward and backward. I tried to mark questionable stuff with (?). If you want it to look pretty, steal some crayons and go to town. Finally… If you’re a gunner, buck up and do your own work.

  3. What are the physical causes of sinusitis?

  4. Obstruction of airflow due to rhinitis or mechanical obstruction

  5. What are the acute sinusitis pathogens

  6. Streptococcus pneumoniae Moraxellacatarrhalis Haemophilusinfluenzae - unencapsulated

  7. What is the cause of chronic sinusitis?

  8. Staphylococcus aureus Anaerobes Enteric gram negatives

  9. What are the complications of sinusitis

  10. Intracranial extension (brain abscess) Orbital infection Osteomyelitis

  11. What is the most common site of sinusitis

  12. Maxillary sinus

  13. What is the most benign site of sinusitis

  14. Maxillary sinus

  15. What are the agents of otitis media

  16. Streptococcus pneumoniae Moraxellacatarrhalis HaemophilusInfluenzae

  17. What are the agents of otitis externa

  18. Pseudomonas aeriginosa Enterobacteraciae Fungi

  19. What is the physical cause of otitis externa

  20. Disruption of cerumen Elevated pH Trauma

  21. What is the treatment for otitis media

  22. Systemic antibiotics Typanocentesis Typanostomy

  23. What are the treatments for otitis externa

  24. Remove purulent material Acidify canal with alcohol and acetic acid Topical antibiotics if needed

  25. Distinguish otitis media and otitis externa

  26. OM: Usually no pain when pulling pinna. Erythema and bulging seen on tympanic membrane. Fluid level seen sometimes. No discharge unless tympanum is perforated. OE: Pain on pinna pull. Discharge often present. Erythema, purulence on external structures.

  27. What are the agents of pharyngotonsilitis

  28. Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS) Respiratory viruses Enteroviruses EBV Corynebacteriumdiphtheriae Neisseria gonorrhea

  29. What are the general complications of phrayngotonsillitis

  30. Abscesses Obstructed airway

  31. What are the agents of Laryngotracheobronchitis

  32. Parainfluenza Other URI viruses Mycoplasma pneumoniae

  33. What is the common name for Laryngotracheobronchitis?

  34. Croup

  35. What are the treatments for Laryngotracheobronchitis

  36. Protect airway if threatened Humidified air Racemic epinephrine Corticosteroids if severe

  37. What are the agents of epiglottitis

  38. HIB in unvaccinated Streptococcus pyogenes Staphylococcus aureus

  39. Why precautions must be taken when examining the epiglottis

  40. Airway protection must be available as reaction to the examination may cause sever constriction of the airway.

  41. What is blepharitis?

  42. Infection of the eyelid margin

  43. What typically causes blepharitis

  44. Staph aureus

  45. What is dacryocystitis

  46. Inflammation of the lacrimal sac

  47. Is conjunctivitis sight threatening

  48. Not usually

  49. What is keratitis

  50. Corneal infection