Nematodes, Cestodes, Trematodes Slackers Facts by Mike Ori
Disclaimer The information represents my understanding only so errors and omissions are probably rampant. It has not been vetted or reviewed by faculty. The source is our class notes. The document can mostly be used forward and backward. I tried to mark questionable stuff with (?). If you want it to look pretty, steal some crayons and go to town. Finally… If you’re a gunner, buck up and do your own work.
Streptococcus pneumoniae Moraxellacatarrhalis Haemophilusinfluenzae - unencapsulated
Staphylococcus aureus Anaerobes Enteric gram negatives
Intracranial extension (brain abscess) Orbital infection Osteomyelitis
Streptococcus pneumoniae Moraxellacatarrhalis HaemophilusInfluenzae
Pseudomonas aeriginosa Enterobacteraciae Fungi
Disruption of cerumen Elevated pH Trauma
Systemic antibiotics Typanocentesis Typanostomy
Remove purulent material Acidify canal with alcohol and acetic acid Topical antibiotics if needed
OM: Usually no pain when pulling pinna. Erythema and bulging seen on tympanic membrane. Fluid level seen sometimes. No discharge unless tympanum is perforated. OE: Pain on pinna pull. Discharge often present. Erythema, purulence on external structures.
Streptococcus pyogenes (GAS) Respiratory viruses Enteroviruses EBV Corynebacteriumdiphtheriae Neisseria gonorrhea
Abscesses Obstructed airway
Parainfluenza Other URI viruses Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Protect airway if threatened Humidified air Racemic epinephrine Corticosteroids if severe
HIB in unvaccinated Streptococcus pyogenes Staphylococcus aureus
Airway protection must be available as reaction to the examination may cause sever constriction of the airway.