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Tractor Safety. Introduction. Tractor accidents can result in serious injuries or death. Over 50 percent of tractor-related deaths are caused by tractor roll-overs. Other fatalities include falls, run-overs, crushes, and PTO entanglement.
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Introduction • Tractor accidents can result in serious injuries or death. Over 50 percent of tractor-related deaths are caused by tractor roll-overs. Other fatalities include falls, run-overs, crushes, and PTO entanglement. • This training program is designed to address basic safe-operating procedures to help minimize the risk of accidents.
Objectives • Types of incidents • Tractor operator responsibilities • Tractor safety • What is a ROPS • What is a PTO • What is Lock Out/Tag Out • Additional safeguards
Importance of Safety • Annually, 300 to 400 tractor-related deaths occur on U.S. farms. Over 50 percent of tractor-related deaths are caused by tractor roll-overs. A roll bar or roll-over protective structure and seat belt usage could have prevented all of these deaths. Other fatalities include falls, run-overs, crushes, and PTO entanglement.
An additional 65 fatalities were attributed to pinning between the bucket and frame or between the loader lift arms and frame, but no loader type was identified. A number of these fatalities may have involved skidsteer loaders.
Types of Tractor Injury-Incidents • There are several types of tractor mishaps that result in injury. Common mishaps are: • By-pass starting • Front-end loader incidents • Rearward tractor rollovers • Sideways tractor rollovers • Falls from tractors • Tractor runovers • Caught-between crushing • PTO stub shaft entanglements
CONCLUSIONS These fatal incidents suggest that employers and workers may not fully appreciate the hazards associated with operating or working near loaders and tractors, the need to follow safe work procedures, or the consequences of bypassing interlocks and other safety features.
Tractor Operator Responsibilities • There are eight primary responsibilities a tractor operator must meet whenever the tractor is used. They are: • Conduct proper maintenance • Conduct pre-operation checks • Avoid injury-incident situations • Maintain safety features • Use tractor as intended • Refuel safely • Start and stop safely • Adjust the tractor for safety
Tractor Safety • Stay off steep slopes • Hitch only to appropriate hitch points • Do not tow loads too heavy for tractor • When stopped • Engage brake securely • Use parking lock • Turn tractor off before leaving seat
Manuals • An operator’s manual must be provided by the manufacture. • Contains • Safe operation of machine • Proper servicing of that machine.
Why Might There Be A Standard For The Placement Of Controls? • To allow for uniformity between machines • Allows for better operation of the machine • Easier shutdown in emergency situations. WWW.fordnewholland.com
Safe Operation • Use special caution on slopes, slow down for all turns and stay off the highway whenever possible. • Keep your hitches low and always on the drawbar. Otherwise, your tractor might flip over backwards. • Keep wheels spread wide whenever possible.
Safe Operation • Never Pop the clutch or practice unsafe maneuvers. • Never hitch to the axle or other high point. • Never attach a post or log to the rear wheels when the tractor is stuck in the mud. • Disengage the power take-off when it's not in use.
Safe Operation • When you shut down your tractor: • Put the PTO lever in neutral and lower attachments to the ground. • Always shut off engine, set the park brake(s) and remove key. • Whenever possible, park on level ground.
Rollover Protective Structure (ROPS) • Cab or frame that provides a safe environment. • Designed to prevent death or minimize injury. • Are standardized. • ASAE and OSHA certified • Must pass a series of crash tests • Are legally required on tractors manufactured after 1985
Safe Operation • The Rules of Tractor Safety • Use ROPS and seat belt whenever and wherever applicable. • Do not wear the seat belt if the ROPS is folded.
Tractor Roll-Over Protection • Roll-over Protection System (ROPS) • Seat belts with the use of ROPS WWW.cdc.gov
Retrofit Older Tractors with ROPS • Depends on model • Check with manufacturer • Check on cost
Too many variables Metal strength Mounting False sense of security May be worse than nothing Will not protect a driver in a rollover Never Attempt a Makeshift ROPS!
What is a PTO? • Power Take-Off What is the PTO used for? To operate implements and equipment that run off a propelling shaft.
Power Take-Off (PTO) Systems:Mechanism for transferring power between a tractor and implements.
PTO Injuries • Responsible for 15 – 20% of all tractor-related injuries • Often result in the amputation of fingers, toes or limbs
Engage Power Gradually • Start equipment from the cab. • Make sure no one is near the PTO! • Never allow untrained personnel to operate a PTO!
Disengage PTO And Turn Off Tractor Before: • Dismounting • Cleaning • Repairing • Adjusting
Driving on Public Roads • May be necessary to get from site to site. • To provide safety to the operator and other road users, specific standards have been set for road travel.
When Traveling On Public Roads: • Turn lights and flashers on • Display Slow-Moving Vehicle (SMV) sign appropriately • Keep buckets to front-loaders low to the ground
Slow-Moving Vehicle Emblem • Why use a slow moving vehicle (SMV) emblem? • It’s the law! • Warns other traffic that you are a SMV • Cautions other drivers to slow down
SMV Emblem Law • Clearly displayed rear and center • Placed point up • Lower edge at least 2-ft. and not more than 6-ft. above ground • Equilateral triangle • 14 inches high • Fluorescent orange • Red reflective border
What is Lockout/Tagout? • Defined protocol for appropriate shutdown of equipment and machinery. • Prevents injury from unexpected energy release.
Lockout • The placement of a lock or a block on an energy-isolating device to prevent the operation of the machine or equipment being serviced.
Tagout • Attachment of a warning tag to a switch, valve, or other energy isolating device indicating that the equipment is being serviced and is inoperable until the tagout device is removed.
Wear Job-Appropriate Clothing • Wear snug fitting clothes • Loose clothes can become entangled • Avoid synthetic materials • Synthetics often don’t tear, and pull limbs in more easily
Shields and Guards • Keep PTO shielded and guarded • Replace shields after maintenance • Test driveline guards
Additional Safety Precautions • Never step over a rotating shaft! • Always walk around the tractor! • Use a driveline specific to your tractor • Prevent drawbar stress
Questions or concerns? Contact… • Michael Schmidt, CHMM Manager of Environmental Health and Safety Phone: 248-232-4234 Fax: 248-232-4254 firstname.lastname@example.org