Teen Living Notes Competency: 12.00 Basic fashion construction procedures to produce personal clothing & home accessories.
Sewing & pressing equipment • Pins hold fabric together • Needles bring thread through fabric • If you spill a box of pins to the floor, the best way (easily & safety) to pick them up would be to use a magnet • Serger sewing machine trims fabric & overcast the cut edge at high speed
Sewing & pressing equipment • Press cloth is needed to prevent shiny marks on fabric • If stitches pucker when using the sewing machine, check the tension level • Tracing wheel: used to transfer markings from a pattern to fabric • Seam ripper: used to remove unwanted stitches from a seam
Sewing & pressing equipment • A presser foot keeps the fabric securely in place while stitching on a sewing machine • Thread take-up lever is a part on a sewing machine that controls the even flow of thread through the needle • A pin cushion is a small equipment piece item needed to store pins(hold pins) when removing them from your fabric pattern pieces before sewing them together
Sewing & pressing equipment • A sewing machine needle should be replaced when bent or damaged • The purpose of thread guides on a sewing machine is to keep thread from tangling • When ironing, use a padded adjustable ironing board
Sewing & pressing equipment • Reverse stitch control is the part of the sewing machine used to secure a row of stitches at the beginning & end of a seam • Ironing is when you glide a hot iron back & forth on a piece of clothing • To avoid a shine when ironing fabric, use steam and a press cloth
Sewing & pressing equipment • Use a thimble when hand sewing to protect your index finger • If the thread breaks while machine stitching, check first the machine threading to make sure you have threaded the machine properly • Dressmakers Pinking shears scissors(zigzag shape): is a basic necessary tool for cutting. The woven fabric has a finish edge.
Sewing & pressing equipment • Pressing: lift the iron and lowering it onto a garment • When not using scissors or shears make sure they are closed • After using the sewing machine be sure to unplug & cover the machine
Sewing & pressing equipment • The feed dog: two small rows of metal teeth that moves the fabric evenly through the machine • Tape measure: used to take body measurements to help in purchasing or making clothing. Ex: arms, neck, waist, chest, and ect. • A bobbin provides thread for the bottom side of the stitch
Basic Construction • When tracing markings from a pattern piece onto fabric be sure the tracing paper is on both of the wrong sides of the fabric and put enough pressure on the tracing wheel to transfer the markings • When forming a thread shank: sew on a button, then wind the thread several times around the stitches under the button
Basic Construction • Notches are diamond shape designs on pattern pieces that you are to cut around • Best place to find for information about your pattern is to look on the pattern guide sheet. It will tell you which pieces to cut out, how to lay pieces out on fabric, step by step instructions for cutting, marking, and sewing.
Basic Construction • To begin sewing - Place the fabric under the presser foot on the sewing machine. Always start to sew with the sewing machine needle down inside the fabric. • When cutting out pattern pieces, the cutting line is a solid dark line to cut on. • To change a stitch design (ex: from zigzag to straight) adjust the stitch width control.
Basic Construction • When sewing on buttons to a garment use 2 strands of thread • When pinning pattern pieces to fabric, place the pins perpendicular to the fold lines & cutting lines. Be sure to pin through both the pattern piece and fabric • Seam allowances should be 5/8 “of an inch
Basic Construction • To sew a simple seam, backstitch at the beginning and end of the seam to secure thread. This means you will not be able to pull the thread out • While sewing a seam on a sewing machine, watch for both items: the edge of the fabric and the guideline mark on the metal plate
Basic Construction • First step to take when hemming a garment is to mark where the new hem should be • To cut fabric use long even strokes • The shank on a button is there to allow room when the button is closed
Basic Construction • Pinking shears are used to create a seam finish • Notches on a pattern piece are used to match pieces together with one another (right & left side of pattern) • “Care instructions” for fabric that you buy are found on the end of a bolt of fabric