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  1. Today we will: Look at nouns and gender – case study French

  2. MASCULINE or FEMININE? Unlike English, French nouns are either MASCULINE or FEMININE This is known as the GENDER October 2005 N Marshall Essex Adult Learning Services - Languages

  3. Getting the gender right is important in order to avoid confusion and to speak the language correctly. The = le – goes before masculine nouns A/an = un – goes before masculine nouns The = la – goes before feminine nouns A/an = une – goes before feminine nouns BUT: l’ (‘the’ before a vowel or h) & les (‘the’ before plurals) go with either gender!

  4. Masculine nouns…. • Lechien • Le sac • Lelivre • Unchien • Un sac • Unlivre

  5. Feminine nouns…. • Lafille • La table • Latasse • Unefille • Une table • Unetasse

  6. …..but how do you know when nouns are masculine or feminine? Here are some pointers…..keep clicking!

  7. MOSTmasculine nouns are those that… • … end in a consonant • … end in –ment • … end in –on • … end in –é • … end in –eau • … end in -ède, -ème, -ège • … end in –age • … end in -ou (shop) Lemagasin (moment) Le moment Lepoisson (fish) Lemarché (market) (boat) Lebâteau Lesystème (system) Lefromage (cheese) Legenou (knee) Back to exercises

  8. MOSTfeminine nouns are those that… • … end in -e • … end in a vowel + -e • … end in –ion • … end in –ise • … end in -ance, -ence • … end in –ière • … end in –ude, -ure • … end in –ace, -ade (table) La table (bank) La banque La nation (nation) L’ église (church) (chance) La chance La bière (beer) La voiture (car) La salade (salade) Back to exercises

  9. BUT there are exceptions… Masculine nouns usually • … end in a consonant • … end in –on • … end in –eau • … end in –age Feminine nouns usually • … end in –e • … end in a vowel + -e • … end in –ance, -ence BUT….. (tooth) La dent (drink) La boisson La peau (skin) La page (page) Le fromage (cheese) Le musée (museum) Le silence (silence) Back to exercises

  10. TIP! In order to get the gender right, learn and visualise all new nouns with the articles… Le/Un chien Le/Un fromage La/Une voiture La/Une dent

  11. Worksheet • GENDER – KNOW A LITTLE… • Tick under either M for masculine or F for feminine to give the gender:

  12. How does this help us with nouns? • In certain languages the adjective is agreed with the noun. • French, German, Spanish, Italian are just a few of these. • This is very different from the English. • He is tall. • She is tall. • The adjective does not change!

  13. Now let‘s look at it in French. • Il est grand. • Elle est grande. • The feminine adds an -e

  14. Je suis petit grand petite grande

  15. Je suis de taille moyenne de taille moyenne

  16. Je suis gros grosse

  17. Je suis mince mince

  18. You can improve your description with these adverbs: assez quite très very vraiment really

  19. You can improve your description with these adverbs: clairs light foncés dark

  20. rouge bleu

  21. jaune vert

  22. noir rose

  23. marron blanc

  24. Les vêtements - clothes • http://www.digitaldialects.com/French/Colour.htm • http://www.digitaldialects.com/French/Clothes.htm

  25. Colour agreement