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10 April 2014 Gary Kaplan, MD Chairman and CEO, Virginia Mason Medical Center PowerPoint Presentation
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10 April 2014 Gary Kaplan, MD Chairman and CEO, Virginia Mason Medical Center

10 April 2014 Gary Kaplan, MD Chairman and CEO, Virginia Mason Medical Center

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10 April 2014 Gary Kaplan, MD Chairman and CEO, Virginia Mason Medical Center

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  1. Engaging Healthcare Professionals to Transform Care 10 April 2014 Gary Kaplan, MD Chairman and CEO, Virginia Mason Medical Center Jack Silversin, DMD, DrPH Founding Partner, Amicus, Inc

  2. Virginia Mason Medical Center Integrated health care system 501(c)3 not-for-profit 336-bed hospital Nine locations 500 doctors 5,500 employees Graduate Medical Education Research Institute Foundation Virginia Mason Institute

  3. Our Strategic Plan

  4. Seeing with our EyesJapan 2002 Team Leader Kaplan reviewing the flow of the process with Drs. Jacobs and Glenn at Hitachi Air Conditioning plant

  5. Take-Aways How are air conditioners, cars, looms and airplanes like health care?  • Every manufacturing element is a production processes • Health care is a combination of complex production processes: admitting a patient, having a clinic visit, going to surgery or a procedure and sending out a bill  • These products involve thousands of processes—many of them very complex • All of these products involve the concepts of quality, safety, customer satisfaction, staff satisfaction and cost effectiveness • These products, if they fail, can cause fatality

  6. The VMMC Quality Equation Q: Quality A: Appropriateness O: Outcomes S: Service W: Waste Q = A × (O + S) W

  7. New Management Method: The Virginia Mason Production System We adopted the Toyota Production System philosophies and practices and applied them to health care because health care lacks an effective management approach that would produce: Customer first Highest quality Obsession with safety Highest staff satisfaction A successful economic enterprise

  8. VMPS Tools in Action Value Stream Development RPIW (Rapid Process Improvement Workshop) 5S (Sort, simplify, standardize, sweep, self-discipline) 3-P (Production, Preparation, Process) Standard Work Daily Work Life

  9. “Nursing Cells” – Results > 90 days RN time available for patient care = 90%! Before After • RN # of steps = 5,818 • PCT # of steps = 2,664 • Time to the complete am cycle of work = 240’ • Patients dissatisfaction = 21% • RN time spent in indirect care = 68% • PCT time spent in indirect care = 30% • Call light on from 7a-11a = 5.5% • Time spent gathering supplies = 20’ 846 1256 126’ 0% 10% 16% 0% 11’

  10. Lindeman Surgery CenterThroughput Analysis Before Today % Change • Time Available 600 min 600 min 0% (10 hr day) • Total Case Time 107 min 65.5 min 39% (cut to close plus set-up) • Case Turnover 30 min 15 min 50% Time (pt out to pt in) (ability to be <10 min) • Cases/day 5 cases/OR 8 cases/OR 60% • Cases/4 ORs 20 cases 32 cases 60%

  11. Primary Care – Flow Stations Creating MD Flow Reduces Patient Wait Times • VMPS Concepts of a Flow Station • Waste of motion (walking) • Continuous flow • Visual control (Kanbans) • External setup • Water strider • U-Shaped Cell URGENT CERNER MESSAGE PAPER MAIL DOCUMENT VISIT RESULT REPORT $ CHARGE SLIP $

  12. Stopping The Line

  13. “Stopping the Line”Organization-wide Involvement • Staff identify and report issues and concerns using the Patient Safety Alert System • Leadership involvement with investigation and resolution • Board Quality Committee review and approve closure of high-severity issues (Red PSA’s)

  14. Categorizing Patient Safety Risk Events 3 Basic Risk Sources • Evaluation • Treatment • Critical interactions 27 Specific Risk Categories 3 of the top 5 risks • Direct Patient Care • Medication • Laboratory Order & Collection

  15. Overall staff response rateVirginia Mason Medical Center 2013 AHRQ Mean = 51% We look “different” since 2009. Why? What might be the benefit and lesson if we go higher?

  16. Reduction of Hospital Professional/General Liability Premiums % change from previous year, with 74% overall reduction in premium since 2004-05 7% 30% 12% 12% 5% 12% 26% 12% 11%

  17. Virginia Mason Medical CenterHospital of Decade: Efficiency and Effectiveness

  18. Tuesday Morning “Stand Up”

  19. Our Quality & Safety Journey Leapfrog Top Hospital of the Decade Patient/ Family Engagement Toyota Production System Introduced to VMMC Respect for People Training 1st IOM1 Report Falls ST-PRA5 Leapfrog Governance Award Declare One Organizational Goal: Patient Safety Virginia Mason Production System established Mary L. McClinton Fatal medical error AHRQ4 Safety Culture Survey: 84% Participation 1st Culture of Safety Work Plan AHRQ4 Safety Culture Survey: 81% Participation IHI3 5 Million Lives Employee Safety Risk Registry 1st Safety Culture Survey Q4Q Site Visit PSA Case Studies CPOE Go Live Patient Safety Alert (PSA) for clinical events AHRQ4 Safety Culture Survey: 82% Participation (all staff, all electronic) AHRQ4 Safety Culture Survey: 90% Participation 2nd Safety Culture Survey Staff & Patient Leader Rounds Move to yearly AHRQ4 Safety Culture Survey 2nd IOM1 Report MDM RPIW6 Cross Pillar Culture of Safety Work Plan PSA 3P ADEPT2 Preprinted Order Sets Time Out ST-PRA5 PSA for non-clinical events Patient Safety Risk Registry CEO Mandates PSA System VM Board: Business Case for Quality Just Culture MD Disclosure Training Standard Quality Goal Reporting Process Quest for Quality Citation of Merit Strategic Quality Plan 2010 HealthGrades Patient Safety Award IHI3 100,00 Lives Executive Walk Rounds 4. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality 5. Sociotechnical Probabilistic Risk Assessment 6. Must Do Measure Rapid Process Improvement Workshop Institute of Medicine Adverse Drug Events Prevention Team Institute for Healthcare Improvement

  20. 2013 Organizational Goals Patient Quality and Safety: Care Delivery Innovations • Delivering Patient-Centered Coordinated Primary Care • Optimizing Care Transitions • Smoothing Patient Flow • Eliminate Healthcare Associated Infections • Glycemic Control • Prevention of Hospital Associated Delirium Vision To be the Quality Leader and transform health care Mission To improve the health and well-being of the patients we serve Quality, Safety, Service, People, Innovation •Respect for People Values Teamwork | Integrity | Excellence |Service Service: Patient Experience •Integration of the Patient Experience Strategies People: Team Engagement • Transformational Leadership • Organizational Training & Education Innovation People Service Quality • Strong Economics • •Growth We relentlessly pursue the highest quality outcomes of care We attract and develop the best team We foster a culture of learningand innovation We create anextraordinarypatient experience Integrated I.S.: Technology and Care Delivery Partnerships • Realizing the Potential of Our Electronic Health Record • Update the Enterprise Orders and Documentation Framework • Ambulatory CPOE • Measure and Improve our Results Virginia Mason Team MedicineSMFoundational Elements IntegratedInformation Systems Strong Economics ResponsibleGovernance Education Research Virginia MasonFoundation Virginia Mason Production System

  21. How Have We Gotten Here With engaged and committed staff anddoctors!

  22. Benefits of Doctor Engagement:The Obvious and Not So Obvious • Contribute knowledge and expertise; solutions will be better for doctor input • Develop more realistic expectations of what is possible • Have greater commitment to solutions; successful implementation more likely • Builds trust and partnership between doctors and management when doctors experience they have influence on outcomes • Helps doctors move through psychological transition associated with change

  23. Authentic Engagement Is Difficult • Managers or administrators • Some like making decisions and controlling outcomes • Experience pressure for timely decisions • Have not been successful managing efficient and helpful process for engagement • Are faced with doctors’ expectation that asking their advice should translate into actions that reflect it • Experience sincere attempts have been met with cynicism or disinterest Doctors • Perceive that past input has gone into “black hole” which leads to cynicism • Paidfor productivity, some will not participate in non-clinical work unless compensated • Having the option to do what I want to do anyway makes investing time in improvement activity irrational • Requires on going commitment to engage even when you don’t get what you want in a given situation

  24. Doctor Engagement in Your Organization: Current and Future States Current state: • When people say “doctor engagement” what do they mean? What picture do they have in mind? • Descriptors of current state doctor engagement • Preferred future state: • When people say “doctor engagement” what will it mean? What picture will they have in mind? • Descriptors of preferred future state doctor engagement

  25. A Helpful Perspective on Change

  26. Two Kinds of Challenges Ronald Heifetz Technical • Problem is well defined • Solution is known can be found • Implementation is clear Adaptive • Challenge is complex • To solve requires transforming long-standing habits and deeply held assumptions and values • Involves feelings of loss, sacrifice (sometimes betrayal to values) • Solution requires learning and a new way of thinking, new relationships

  27. An Easily Adopted Change • Technical not because it’s technologicalbutbecause: • Its use involves no angst or challenge to personal identity • Adoption is intuitive or similar to other successful changes. Past experience provides a “road map” or sense for how it works • There’s alwaysthe Genius Bar – someone does know what to do.

  28. An Adaptive Challenge

  29. “The most common cause of failure to make progress is treating an adaptive problem with a technical fix.” Wisdom from Ronald Heifetz Technical fixes • New payment scheme for doctors • Incentives or bonuses • Reorganization • Issuing new vision statement Adaptive solutions • Giving authority to solve problems to the implementers • Discussion that allows respectful airing of difference • Bringing conflict to the surface and constructively resolving it

  30. Adaptive Work “Solutions are achieved when ‘the people with the problem’ go through a process together to become ‘the people with the solution.’ The issues have to be internalized, owned, and ultimately resolved by the relevant parties to achieve enduring progress.” - Heifetz and Linsky, Leadership on the Line

  31. Foundation for Engagement • Single method for improvement Engaged Doctors Modernize compact Co-create new gives and gets • Increase urgency • Turn up the heat • Enhance leadership • Develop doctor leaders who sponsor change • Share a vision • Inspire action with clear picture of future

  32. Foundation for Engagement • Single method for improvement Engaged Doctors Clarify new compact Co-create new gives and gets • Increase urgency • Turn up heat • Enhance leadership • Develop doctor leaders who sponsor change • Share a vision • Inspire action with clear picture of future

  33. Time for a Change – VMMC 2000 Issues Survival Retention of the Best People Loss of Vision Build on a Strong Foundation Leadership Change A Defective Product

  34. Urgency for Change at VMMC “ ” We change or we die. — Gary Kaplan, VMMC Professional staff meeting, October 2000

  35. November 23, 2004 Investigators: Medical mistake kills Everett woman Hospital error caused death Mary L. McClinton

  36. 37

  37. The Challenge of Ongoing Urgency • In a time of constant and tumultuous change, avoid complacency

  38. Principle 1. Change Has to Start With Urgency “When people have a true sense of urgency, they think that action on critical issues is needed now, not eventually, not when it fits easily into a schedule.” - John Kotter, A Sense of Urgency

  39. The Status Quo is Like Gravity • The invisible hold of the status quo is very strong • The case for change has to be compelling if it is to move others to take action

  40. “Distress” and Adaptive Work Limit of tolerance Adaptive challenge Disequilibrium Productive range of distress Threshold of learning Time Heifetz, Ronald A. and Marty Linsky. Leadership on the Line, Harvard Business School Press, 2002, p 108

  41. Urgency: Make the Invisible Visible HOW Self-discovery” – experiential More than facts: John Kotter’s see/feel/change approach WHAT Cost of doing nothing exceeds cost of change Cold, hard facts on performance and lack of sustainability Gap between aspiration and reality The personal impact of incidents

  42. Leaders’ Role in Signal Generation “Leaders are signal generators who reduce uncertainty and ambiguity about what is important and how to act.” — Charles O’Reilly III OR

  43. Back Home Discussion About Urgency What signals do leaders in our organisation send regarding urgency for care improvement? Are leaders’ signals consistent? What is the impact of the signals sent on doctor engagement in improvement?

  44. Foundation for Engagement • Single method for improvement Engaged Doctors Modernize compact Co-create new gives and gets • Increase urgency • Turn up heat • Enhance leadership • Develop doctor leaders who sponsor change • Share a vision • Inspire action with clear picture of future

  45. Our Strategic Plan

  46. Principle 2. Engagement is Facilitated When A Destination is Shared Everyone needs to share the same destination to make optimal use of all resources

  47. Lack of Shared Vision Reflects Silo Orientation and Value on Autonomy

  48. Challenges to Having Vision that Is Shared Often relationships between administration and doctors are wobbly or strained. Built on and reinforced by individual transactions Doctors don’t readily acknowledge their interdependence Vision process is often superficial; an exercise with a narrow purpose (e.g., for PR) Little connection between vision on paper and daily life No clear method to achieve vision

  49. Requirements for Developing Shared Vision Doctors develop deep appreciation of interdependence (to provide best, safest patient care) There is a process to develop vision – not a one-off meeting: Deepens understanding of the various imperatives the organisation must respond to including quality, value, safety Encourages different points of view to be heard Builds commitment Vision is: Strategic and granular Perceived as a stretch, but not a fantasy