The Use of Standardized Patients To Assess Behavioral Health Consultant Core Competencies Natalie Levkovich, CEO, Suzanne Daub, LCSW, Neftali Serrano, PsyD Health Federation of Philadelphia Session # B2c October 17, 2014 Collaborative Family Healthcare Association 16th Annual Conference October 16-18, 2014 Washington, DC U.S.A.
Faculty Disclosure Please include ONE of the following statements: I/We currently have or have had the following relevant financial relationships (in any amount) during the past 12 months: Neftali Serrano, Lead consultant, primarycareshrink.com
Learning ObjectivesAt the conclusion of this session, the participant will be able to: Describe the novel methodology for assessing BHC core competencies Identify the BHC competencies that were assessed List the application of findings for quality improvement Define the benefits of an ongoing practice-based approach to training and assessment for incumbent BHCs
Bibliography / Reference Creating a Simulated Mental Health Ward: Lessons Learned. Rossetti J, Musker K, Smyth S, Byrne E, Maney C, Selig K, Jones-Bendel T. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2014 Sep 12:1-7. doi: 10.3928/02793695-20140903-02. Consumer and Relationship Factors Associated With Shared Decision Making in Mental Health ConsultationsMatthiasMS, Fukui S, Kukla M, Eliacin J, Bonfils KA, Firmin RL, Oles SK, Adams EL, Collins LA, Salyers MP. Psychiatr Serv. 2014 Sep 15. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201300563. Twelve tips for asking and responding to difficult questions during a challenging clinical encounter., Soklaridis S, Hunter JJ, Ravitz P., Med Teach. 2014 Sep;36(9):769-74. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2014.916782. Epub 2014 Jul 14. . 'Thinking on my feet': an improvisation course to enhance students' confidence and responsiveness in the medical interview. Shochet R, King J, Levine R, Clever S, Wright S. Educ Prim Care. 2013 Feb;24(2):119-24.20. Improving physician-patient communication through coaching of simulated encounters. Ravitz P, Lancee WJ, Lawson A, Maunder R, Hunter JJ, Leszcz M, McNaughton N, Pain C. AcadPsychiatry. 2013 Mar 1;37(2):87-93. doi: 10.1176/appi.ap.11070138.
Learning Assessment A learning assessment is required for CE credit. A question and answer period will be conducted at the end of this presentation.
Rationale • Description of network: The Health Federation of Philadelphia is a regional network of community health centers • Over 40 Behavioral Health Consultants across 15 organizations participate in a community of practice • Need for meaningful standardization of competencies
History • Partnerships developed between HFP, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine and the Thomas Scattergood Foundation to enable the project
Simulation Protocol • Develop rating tools and standardized patient cases • PCOM trained standardized patients • Simulation occurred at PCOM lab over two days • 21 BHCs, 3 Actors (1 male), 2 Raters • Simulations were observed and recorded
List of Tools Used/ Created Case Mock Medical Record BHC Rating Scale Working Alliance Inventory (WAI) SP and Self Rating Tool Documentation Template Post-Simulation BHC Feedback Survey
Results of the Simulation • Poor interrater reliability on expert scale noted (mean average difference in pass rate per question, 25%) • BHC disagreement with expert rater was normally distributed with a mean disagreement percentage of 38% +/-15
Results of the Simulation • Items that BHCs rated themselves worst in (≈ 61+% pass rate) included: • aspects related to communication with PCP • functional understanding of patient concern • integration of medication and medical comorbidities • Items that expert raters marked as poorest (≈27+% pass rate) included: • SOAP note skills, communication with PCP, • motivational interviewing skills and • collaborative planning with patient
Results of the Simulation • Congruence of BHC and patient actors’ perceptions of the consult was high and generally positive • BHCs rated themselves slightly lower in general compared to patient ratings
Results of the Simulation A: The patient and I agreed on the steps to be taken to improve his / her situation. B: The patient and I agreed on the steps to be taken to improve his / her situation. D: I have doubts about what we were trying to accomplish in the session. I: I have doubts about what we were trying to accomplish in the session.
BHC Feedback Strong agreement that: • Experience was well organized • Experience was useful for competency development • Patient feedback will help shape future practice • Rater feedback targeted clinical skills for improvement
Feedback For Standardized Patient Exercise • Improve interrater reliability through training of raters • Use more dispassionate raters when possible • Develop rating tool rubric • Simulation may be best for non-novice BHCs
Feedback For Network Training • Focus training on • motivational interviewing • integration of health behavior change/ medical comorbidities • formalize SOAP note training • Improve integration and use of standardized assessment tools