Robots Yesterday, Today & Tomorrow by Zhan Xinlei
What will robots be like tomorrow？ • Will robots have feelings? • Will robots cause serious social problems? • Will there be laws to direct robot’s conduct? ?
A Debate Will our dream be realized or ruined? Girls—realized Boys—ruined
Unit 2 Robots Satisfaction Guaranteed
verb love relation couple Elvis NAME Gray NAME love couple envy help serve frends neibours Larry Belmont Claire Tony Gladys Claffern
loves couple neibours Larry Tony envies Claire Gladys
1. However, when she first saw the robot, she felt . His name was Tony and he seemed more like a human than a machine. 2. On the second morning Tony, wearing an apron, brought her breakfast and then asked her whether she needed help dressing. She felt and quickly told him to go. 3. Tony said that she must feel very unhappy to say that. Claire thought it was to be offered sympathy by a robot. But she began to him. She told him how she was overweight and this made her feel .
4. She looked at his fingers with wonder as they turned each page and suddenly reached for his hand. She was by his fingernails and the softness and warmth of his skin. How , she thought. He was just a machine. 5. Claire thanked Tony, telling him that he was a “". As she turned around, there stood Gladys Claffern. How to be discovered by her, Claire thought. 6. What a to be envied by those women!
However, when she first saw the robot, she felt alarmed. His name was Tony and he seemed more like a human than a machine. • On the second morning Tony, wearing an apron, brought her breakfast and then asked her whether she needed help dressing. She felt embarrassed and quickly told him to go. • Tony said that she must feel very unhappy to say that. Claire thought it was ridiculous to be offered sympathy by a robot. But she began to trust him. She told him how she was overweight and this made her feel unhappy. • She looked at his fingers with wonder as they turned each page and suddenly reached for his hand. She was amazed by his fingernails and the softness and warmth of his skin. How absurd, she thought. He was just a machine. • Claire thanked Tony, telling him that he was a "dear". As she turned around, there stood Gladys Claffern. How awful to be discovered by her, Claire thought. • What a sweet victory to be envied by those women!
How Claire’s emotion developed sad love amazed trust embarrassed alarmed
Gussing Game • a science fiction • 科幻小说 • bonus e.g. Works here will receive a bonus when they produce more goods; The warm weather in winter has been a real bonus. • 奖金；红利；额外津贴；意外的好处 • apron • 围裙 • overweight • （体重）超重 • elegant • 优雅的；高雅的；讲究的
a pile of … • 一堆… • Scan e.g. We skim( 略读）for the main idea and scan for detailed information. • 细看；仔细检查；扫描 • fingernail • 手指甲 • absurd • 荒谬的；可笑的 • haircut • 发型；理发 • cushion • 坐垫；靠垫；垫子 • bedding • 寝具；铺盖 [U]
necklace • 项链 • clerk • 售货员；职员 • counter • 柜台；计数器 • have an affair e.g. President Clinton（克林顿） was excuted(指控；被告) for having an affair. • 有暧昧关系 • armchair • 扶椅 • cuisine • 烹饪（风味）；佳肴
词义类别 构词特征 上下文意 语言情境 词语搭配 词性为先 How to guess the meaning？ science fiction; cushion; bedding; necklace fingernail; haircut; armchair; overweight have an affair; clerk; counter; elegant; absurd cuisine
Dictation 1 • a science fiction • bonus • apron • overweight • elegant • a pile of … • scan • fingernail • absurd • haircut • cushion • bedding • necklace • clerk • cunter • have an affair • armchair • cuisine • 1. 科幻小说 • 2. 奖金；额外津贴；意外的好处 • 3. 围裙 • 4. 超重 • 5. 优雅的；高雅的；讲究的 • 6. 一堆… • 7. 细看；仔细检查；扫描 • 8. 手指甲 • 9. 荒谬的；可笑的 • 10.发型；理发 • 11.坐垫；靠垫；垫子 • 12.寝具；铺盖 • 13.项链 • 14.售货员；职员 • 15.柜台；计数器 • 16.有暧昧关系 • 17.扶椅 • 18.烹饪（风味）；佳肴
Language Points • 1. Do you think it is possible for a robot to have its own needs and desires? • desire[U]&[C] 渴望; 慾望; 渴求 • Robots can satisfy all your desires. • 机器人能满足你的所有愿望. • ~ for sth/to do sth • 这个国家对（建立）友好关系的热望 • the country's desire for friendly relations • …to establish friendly relations. • She is my heart's desire. • 她是我心上人.（Ps：desire—心仪的人或物）
vt 希望得到（某事物）; 想要 • We all desire happiness and health. • 我们都希望幸福和健康. • 我一直渴望见到他们. • I have long desired to meet them. • ~ sb to do sth • 她希望你立即来. • She desires you to come/that you come at once.
2. SatisfactionGuranteed • Satisfaction • [U] 满意; 满足 • the satisfaction of one‘s hunger，hope, desire, ambition… • He gave himself a smile of satisfaction. • 他给了自己一个满意的笑容。 • 她对这次考试的成绩非常满意。(get ~ from …) • She got great satisfaction from her exam results. • [C] 令人满足或带来乐趣的事物 • He had the ~ of knowing that he was right. • to sb's/sth's satisfactionYour answer is not perfect, at least not to my ~.
guarantee (Vt) • 他向我保证货物的质量。 • He guaranteed the quality of the goods to me. • 我能保证那是真的。 • I can guarantee (that) it's true. • 我们保证一周到达. • We guarantee to arrive within a week. • 向…保证… • guarantee sth/that…/to do…to sb • 常用被动语态 • 你想出门, 天准下雨. • It's guaranteed to rain when you want to go out.
3. Recently it had begun experimenting with a household robot. It was going to be tested out by Larry's wife, Claire. • experiment with • experiment on/upon sth • experiment with sth • experiment on/upon animals • experiment with new methods • make an experiment 进行实验; 进行试验
household • [C]一家人; 家庭 • Two households of equal power. • 我是在一个大家庭里长大的. • I grew up as part of a large household. • adj. ? • ~ expenses/ duties/ goods • 家庭的开销﹑ 事务﹑ 用品. • tested out 检验；试验；考验（多指仪器或理论） • This new machine/theory hasn‘t been fully tested out. • 这种新机器/理论尚未经过充分检验。 • 诺基亚公司完成了对N8手机的检测 • Nokia company has finished testing out N8.
a fire an air a water level • 4.However, when she first saw the robot, she felt alarmed. • alarm • [C]警报 alarm give/raise/sound • [U]惊慌；恐慌 • The fire caused much alarm. • 火灾引起很大恐慌.
vt. 使警觉；惊动；使惊慌 • I don't want to alarm you, but there's a strange man in your garden. • 我并不想吓你, 不过你的花园里可有个生人. Alarmed by the noise, the birds flew away. • 那声音把鸟吓飞了. • alarm-alarmed-alarming • be alarmed at… • The report is alarming. • 这个报告最为扰乱人心
5. Claire thought it was ridiculous to be offered sympathy by a robot. sympathyn. 同情；同情心 相关短语： express sympathy for… 慰问 feel/have sympathy for…同情 sympathize(se) vi 同情; 表示同情 ~ (with sb/sth) I sympathize with you; I've had a similar unhappy experience myself. 我很同情你,我自己也有过类似的不幸遭遇.
6. As a favour Tony promised to help Claire make herself smarter and her home more elegant. • favour • [U] 喜爱，宠爱 • The boss looked at my plan with favour. • win sb's favour • 获得某人的好感 • [C] 善行, 恩惠 • Do me a favour and turn the radio down, will you? • 劳驾你把收音机的声音调小点好吗? • as a favour
vt 支持, 喜爱; 偏袒 • Of the two possible plans I favour the first. • 在这两种可行方案中我赞成前者. • She always favours her youngest child. • 她总是偏爱她最小的孩子.
7.She cried out "Tony" and then heard him declare that he didn't want to leave her the next day and that he felt more than just the desire to please her. declarevt. 宣布；声明；表明；说明；宣称 1)declare +n. 宣告 他们将很快宣布选举的结果. ______________________________ They are to declare the election results. 2)declare+n.+(to be) n./ adj.宣布…为… 裁判宣布他为比赛的冠军. _____________________________________________ The judge declared him (to be) the winner of the competition.
3)declare +(that)从句 宣称；声称 她宣称她是对的. _______________________________ She declared (that) she was right. declare war on/ upon 对…宣战 declare against声明反对 declare for (in favour of) 声明赞成
8. What a sweet victory to be envied by those women! • envy • n 忌妒；羡慕 • in envy at/ of sth • He is in envy of my success. • Vt 忌妒；羡慕 • envy sb for sth/ doing sth • 他们羡慕我们的成功. • They envied us for our success.
Rewrite these sentences using words or phrases of similar meaning from the text to replace the underlined parts. • 1 Bill felt great pleasure when he tried his new fax machine and it worked. • He felt pity for Claire because she was overweight and needed to lose about five kilos to look slim. • Even though Jane told him many times to go • away her brother still accompanied her to the • doctor. • 4 Her greatest wish was to look as elegant as Gladys Claffern. Satisfaction, tested out sympathy leave … alone desire Discovering useful words and expressions
Rewrite these sentences using words or phrases of similar meaning from the text to replace the underlined parts. • 5. Please call me before you buy a new digital camera so I can go with you. • She looked at the computer screen carefully hoping to find some new emails in her mailbox. • 7 It was ridiculous that his own mother would not talk to him about the affair. • 8 He felt happy when his boss stated that he could set aside some time for exercise. ring me up scanned absurd declared