Hazard Communication Standard • In 1983, the Federal Government established the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. This standard is designed to protect employees who use hazardous chemicals on the job. • Each employee at your location has a Right to Know about the hazardous materials used in their work areas and the potential effects of these materials upon their health and safety. • At ABM, we work at many different client-controlled worksites which use a variety of chemicals. Based on our scope of work, our site hazard evaluations will identify only those chemicals that we may work with or be exposed to and then provide the evaluation, classification and relevant hazard training to our employees.
Your Right To Know The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard is being updated to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals. This standard requires chemical manufacturers and importers to evaluate the chemicals they produce or import, classify the chemical hazards, and provide hazard information to employers and workers. They must put labels on containers and prepare safety data sheets (SDSs) formerly referred to as Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).The labels and SDSs are tools you can use to understand the hazards. The standardized format for labels and SDSs makes them easier for everyone who uses the chemical to find and learn about the chemical’s hazards.
Your Right To Know The following slides will help you learn about the information that must be on the label and SDS, how the information is arranged on the label and SDS, and other provisions in the HazCom standard. Labeling and/or SDS must contain pertinent information on chemical composition, health hazards and emergency counteractive procedures. Any pertinent SDS will be housed in our offices at your worksite.
Major Changes with the new Global Harmonized System (GHS) • Labels:Chemical manufacturers and importers will be required to provide a label that includes a harmonized signal word, pictogram, and hazard statement for each hazard class and category. Precautionary statements must also be provided. • Hazard Classification: The definitions of hazard have been changed to provide specific criteria for classification of health and physical hazards, as well as classification of mixtures. These specific criteria will help to ensure that evaluations of hazardous effects are consistent across manufacturers, and that labels and safety data sheets are more accurate as a result. • Safety Data Sheets: Will now have a specified 16-section format. • There are three major areas of change in the GHS Standard:
Hazard Classification • The “grading” of hazards has been reset with the intent of providing more accurate rating for specific hazards
Labels Must have… • Pictograms • Product Identifier • Signal Words • A Hazard Statement • A Precautionary Statement • Manufacturer Information
Labels Must have… Pictograms • Pictograms: a symbol plus other graphic elements, such as a border, background pattern, or color that is intended to convey specific information about the hazards of a chemical. Each pictogram consists of a different symbol on a white background within a red square frame set on a point (i.e. a red diamond). There are nine pictograms under the GHS. However, only eight pictograms are required under the HCS. • Hazards are categorized as either “Physical” or “Health”
Labels Must have… Signal Words "Signal word" means a word used to indicate the relative level of severity of hazard and alert the reader to a potential hazard on the label. The signal words used in this section are "danger" and "warning." "Danger" is used for the more severe hazards, while “Warning" is used for the less severe. More Severe Less Severe
Labels Must have… A Hazard Statement • A hazard statement assigned to a hazard class and category that describes the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the degree of hazard. • Examples: • Causes eye irritation • Causes mild skin irritation • Combustible liquid • Contains gas under pressure, may explode if ignited • Extremely flammable • Fatal if swallowed • Harmful if inhaled • In contact with water releases flammable gas • May cause allergic skin reaction
Labels must have… Precautionary Statement • A phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, or improper storage or handling
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) Format16 Sections • Section 1, Identification; • Section 2, Hazard(s) identification; • Section 3, Composition/information on ingredients; • Section 4, First-aid measures; • Section 5, Fire-fighting measures; • Section 6, Accidental release measures; • Section 7, Handling and storage; • Section 8, Exposure controls/personal protection; • Section 9, Physical and chemical properties; • Section 10, Stability and reactivity; • Section 11, Toxicological information. • Section 12, Ecological information; • Section 13, Disposal considerations; • Section 14, Transport information; • Section 15, Regulatory information; and • Section 16, Other information, including date of preparation or last revision.
Safety Data Sheets and Safety Precautions Before Using Any Agent Containing A Chemical Mixture You Should: • Read the labeling on the chemical packaging • Consult the Safety Data Sheet if you are unfamiliar with the product • Wear Personal Protection Equipment when necessary • Gloves and/or eye protection when issued by your supervisor for the job task • Never mix cleaning agents • Never place a cleaning agent into an unmarked bottle If you have any questions regarding this training presentation, please contact your supervisor. Thank You!