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Modern Iran (1951-today)

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  1. Modern Iran (1951-today) Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

  2. The Geography of Iran

  3. Iranian Oil Resources

  4. Dr. Mohammad Mossadegh,Prime Minister of Iran • Became Prime Minister in 1951. • Took control the foreign oil companies. • Got rid of corrupt military officials. • Was taken out of power by the America CIA in 1953. • The Shah of Iran returns to power. Q4

  5. Iran under shah reza pahlavi (1953-1979)

  6. Shah Reza Pahlavi(r. 1941 – 1977) • Institutes Western reforms & ties with the West . • But, the majority of his people live in poverty. • Brutal punishments of opponents  SAVAK Q5

  7. The Shah & His Wife, Farah Iranian elite/upper- and educated classes: verypro-Western.

  8. “The White Revolution”The Shah’s Reform Program (1963) Land reform – 90% of Iran’s peasants became land owners. Massive government-financed heavy industry (factories, etc) projects. Granted women more political power – the right to vote. Poured government money into education – especially in rural areas where illiteracy was very high.

  9. The Shah at George Washington’s Home, 1950s

  10. The Shah with Several American Presidents

  11. The Shah with President Jimmy Carter

  12. The Iranian Revolution

  13. Reasons for the Fall of the Shah • The Shah spent the oil profits for top of the line American military hardware. • Little money to reinvest back into the Iran. • Religious leaders angry with the Shah for too much “Westernization.” • Government corruption (lying, cheating, stealing). • The Shah’s constitutional violations (torturing, killing opponents) of the basic human rights of his citizens.

  14. Anti-Shah Protests

  15. The Shah’s ChiefOpponents? Oil field workers. Students and other intellectuals. Middle class businessmen. Muslim leaders. Q6

  16. Anti-American Pin(1960s)

  17. Iranian Students Protest in Beverley Hills

  18. Anarchy & Revolution The Shah leaves Iran on 1/16/79.

  19. Ayatollah KhomeiniLeads the Revolution Khomeini returns to Iran on February 11, 1979. Q7

  20. Ayatollah Khomeini(r. 1979-1989) • 1902 – 1989. • Became an Islamic scholar. • Began to speak out against the Shah in the 1960s. • Arrested and imprisoned several times by the Shah. • Deported in 1978 & went to France.

  21. Triumphant Muslim Clerics & Iranian Soldiers A theocracy is created! Q8

  22. SAVAK Suspects Taken

  23. The Fate of the Shah’s Generals

  24. Iran Revolutionary Poster When the devil leaves, the angel returns!

  25. American Embassy inTehran Taken Over Q9

  26. 52 Americans Held Hostage for 444 Days!

  27. President Carter Becomes a Hostage, Too

  28. Hostage Rescue Disaster

  29. 52 American HostagesReleased in Jan., 1981

  30. Militants demanded the Shah be returned to Iran to be put on trial. President Carter refused to force the Shah to return. 444 days later the hostages were released. Hostage Crisis

  31. The Islamic Republic of Iran

  32. The Khomeini Revolution

  33. Women in Iran A woman’s hijab represents her Islamic and moral values.

  34. Political Cartoon Commentary The dictatorship is gone! Bring on the dictatorship!

  35. Support for the Palestinian Cause Funds Hamas and Hezbollah. The Ayatollah with Yasir Arafat.

  36. The Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988)

  37. The Iran-Iraq War(1980-1988) Q10

  38. Secretary Rumsfeld& Saddam Hussein: 1983

  39. Iraqi Soldiers At the Front • 375,000 Iraqi casualties & 60,000 POWs!

  40. Iranian Soldiers • Over 1,000,000 Iranian casualties! Q11

  41. Iran Since the Death of the Ayatollah Khomeini

  42. Khomeini’s Death(June, 1989)

  43. Another Nuclear Power? US satellite photo of Iranian nuclear facility near Arak.

  44. An American view of Iranian nuclear power PINOCCHIAYATOLLAH Scott Stantis (Birmingham News) 1/28/05

  45. A view of Iran’s nuclear power. Nobody else (particularly Iran and Arab countries) should have nuclear weapons except Israel, says Bush. -- Hassan Bleybel 10/23/03

  46. Another Future Revolution?

  47. A “Shah” in theWaiting? Reza Pahlavi (III), 43 year-old son of the deposed Shah.

  48. Bibliography • “23 Year Pictorial History of Iran.”http://home.att.net/~iranshahr/ • “Iranian.com.”www.iranian.com/Revolution/war.html. • “Iran Hostage Anniversary.” CBS News.www.cbsnews.com/stories/2001/01/18/iran/main265244.shtml.