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1. 8-1 Similarity in Right Triangles Warm Up Lesson Presentation Lesson Quiz Holt McDougal Geometry Holt Geometry

2. Warm Up 1. Write a similarity statement comparing the two triangles. Simplify. 2. 3. Solve each equation. 4. 5. 2x2 = 50 ∆ADB ~ ∆EDC ±5

3. Objectives Use geometric mean to find segment lengths in right triangles. Apply similarity relationships in right triangles to solve problems.

4. Vocabulary geometric mean

5. In a right triangle, an altitude drawn from the vertex of the right angle to the hypotenuse forms two right triangles.

6. W Z Example 1: Identifying Similar Right Triangles Write a similarity statement comparing the three triangles. Sketch the three right triangles with the angles of the triangles in corresponding positions. By Theorem 8-1-1, ∆UVW ~ ∆UWZ ~ ∆WVZ.

7. Check It Out! Example 1 Write a similarity statement comparing the three triangles. Sketch the three right triangles with the angles of the triangles in corresponding positions. By Theorem 8-1-1, ∆LJK ~ ∆JMK ~ ∆LMJ.

8. Consider the proportion . In this case, the means of the proportion are the same number, and that number is the geometric mean of the extremes. The geometric meanof two positive numbers is the positive square root of their product. So the geometric mean of a and b is the positive number x such that , or x2 = ab.

9. Example 2A: Finding Geometric Means Find the geometric mean of each pair of numbers. If necessary, give the answer in simplest radical form. 4 and 25 Let x be the geometric mean. x2 = (4)(25) = 100 Def. of geometric mean x = 10 Find the positive square root.

10. Example 2B: Finding Geometric Means Find the geometric mean of each pair of numbers. If necessary, give the answer in simplest radical form. 5 and 30 Let x be the geometric mean. x2 = (5)(30) = 150 Def. of geometric mean Find the positive square root.

11. Check It Out! Example 2a Find the geometric mean of each pair of numbers. If necessary, give the answer in simplest radical form. 2 and 8 Let x be the geometric mean. x2 = (2)(8) = 16 Def. of geometric mean x = 4 Find the positive square root.

12. Check It Out! Example 2b Find the geometric mean of each pair of numbers. If necessary, give the answer in simplest radical form. 10 and 30 Let x be the geometric mean. x2 = (10)(30) = 300 Def. of geometric mean Find the positive square root.

13. Check It Out! Example 2c Find the geometric mean of each pair of numbers. If necessary, give the answer in simplest radical form. 8 and 9 Let x be the geometric mean. x2 = (8)(9) = 72 Def. of geometric mean Find the positive square root.

14. You can use Theorem 8-1-1 to write proportions comparing the side lengths of the triangles formed by the altitude to the hypotenuse of a right triangle. All the relationships in red involve geometric means.

15. Example 3: Finding Side Lengths in Right Triangles Find x, y, and z. 62 = (9)(x) 6 is the geometric mean of 9 and x. x = 4 Divide both sides by 9. y is the geometric mean of 4 and 13. y2 = (4)(13) = 52 Find the positive square root. z2 = (9)(13) = 117 z is the geometric mean of 9 and 13. Find the positive square root.

16. Check It Out! Example 3 Find u, v, and w. 92 = (3)(u) 9 is the geometric mean of u and 3. u = 27 Divide both sides by 3. w2 = (27 + 3)(27) w is the geometric mean of u + 3 and 27. Find the positive square root. v2 = (27 + 3)(3) v is the geometric mean of u + 3 and 3. Find the positive square root.

17. Example 4: Measurement Application To estimate the height of a Douglas fir, Jan positions herself so that her lines of sight to the top and bottom of the tree form a 90º angle. Her eyes are about 1.6 m above the ground, and she is standing 7.8 m from the tree. What is the height of the tree to the nearest meter?

18. Example 4 Continued Let x be the height of the tree above eye level. 7.8 is the geometric mean of 1.6 and x. (7.8)2 = 1.6x x = 38.025 ≈ 38 Solve for x and round. The tree is about 38 + 1.6 = 39.6, or 40 m tall.

19. Check It Out! Example 4 A surveyor positions himself so that his line of sight to the top of a cliff and his line of sight to the bottom form a right angle as shown. What is the height of the cliff to the nearest foot?

20. Check It Out! Example 4 Continued Let x be the height of cliff above eye level. (28)2 = 5.5x 28 is the geometric mean of 5.5 and x. x 142.5 Divide both sides by 5.5. The cliff is about 142.5 + 5.5, or 148 ft high.

21. Lesson Quiz: Part I Find the geometric mean of each pair of numbers. If necessary, give the answer in simplest radical form. 1. 8 and 18 2. 6 and 15 12

22. Lesson Quiz: Part II For Items 3–6, use ∆RST. 3. Write a similarity statement comparing the three triangles. 4. If PS = 6 and PT = 9, find PR. 5. If TP = 24 and PR = 6, find RS. 6. Complete the equation (ST)2 = (TP + PR)(?). ∆RST ~ ∆RPS ~ ∆SPT 4 TP