NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION IN SIKKIM YEAR -2012-13 • Presented by • Food Security & Agriculture Development Department , • Govt. of Sikkim
Profile of Agriculture in Sikkim. • Agriculture and allied field is the backbone of the rural population and their overall security. • Agriculture is practiced in approx 11 % of the total geographical area of the State having 64 % of the people fully dependent on Agriculture for their livelihood. The net cultivated area is about 79,0000 ha. • The geographical location provides optimum conditions for cultivation of wide range of Agriculture and Horticulture crops and animal farming in well settled terraced, mixed farming system. • The area under assured irrigation is merely 5 percent making Sikkim a practically rain -fed state. • The agro-climatic conditions vary from subtropical to Alpine and no single crop or variety can suit all the elevation ranges. • The agro ecological conditions are conducive for loss of soil an nutrients from farming system. Low yield, traditional cultivars continue to dominate the agrarian scenario while State Department is exerting sincere efforts to replace them with improved varieties.
Sikkim as an Organic State • All the agricultural development activities are interwoven in the framework of organic process. • Govt has declared in 2003 to make Sikkim a full-fledged Organic State by 2015. • Total 50,000 hectres are under Organic certification through well planned livelihood schools and Internal Control System. Most of the target areas have already received one and two phase certification. (To make an area organic, three phase organic certificate is must. ) • A separate cell has been created and known as SIkkim Organic Mission to supervise the end to end activities of Organic process. • Uses of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides are highly discouraged and restricted in the State.
GEOGRAPHICAL AREA OF SIKKIM • State Geographical Area = 7096 km2 or 709600 Ha • Name of the district Geographical area in hect • North District : 422600 • East District : 95400 • West District : 116600 • South District : 7,5000
Existing Land Use PatternIN SIKKIM • Total Area % of total • (Km2) Geographical Area ________________________________________________________________________ 1.Total Geographical land 7096.0 100.00 2. Alpine barren/Snow glaciers 2051.93 28.92 3.Land under water bodies , 149.93 2.11 dry river beds, landslides , rocks 4. Alpine pastures 433.0 6.11 5 Permanent pastures /other grazing 43.71 0.62 6. Dense Forest Cover 1901.29 26.79 7. Reserve Forest Cover 507.08 7.15 8. Forest blocks, Alpine scrubs 836.59 11.79 9. Land not available for cultivation a) Other barren uncultivable uses 98.87 1.39 b) Land put to nonagricultural uses 26.88 0.37 10. Land available for cultivation a). Net sown area 650.43 8.74 b) Fallow lands 346.50 4.88 c) Land under misc trees crops and grooves not included in net sown area 56.72 0.82 d) Culturable waste 23.87 0.34 ____________________________________________________________________________
Cropping Pattern of Sikkim in Khariff Season • Prekharif : Maize ( Feb to August) in dry field . Maize +soybean • Maize + Beans +Vegetables. • Khariff : Paddy ( May to Oct –Nov) • Kharif : Paddy + soyabean /Rajma • Kharif: Rajma +vegtables/Potato. • Kharif : Urd (Pehali dal) • Kharif: Millet (pure crop)
Cropping Pattern of Sikkim in Rabi Season • Rabi : In Dry field , Maize is followed by Mustard and Buckwheat (Sept to Feb) • Rice is followed by Wheat in irrigated field as well as in dry field , to cover fallow land. (Sept to March) • Large area expansion has be done under Buckwheat crop to fill the gap created by low production of wheat during dry season. • Barley as pure crop in limited areas.
District Wise area , production and Yield with Sikkim State average and National average( Source : Annual Progress Report 2010-21)
AREA SELECTED UNDER NFSM 2012 IN SIKKIM • North District : Mangan : 4 location • Dzogu : 3 locations • East district : Gangtok- 6 locations • Pakyong - 7 locations • Rongali - 5 locations • South District : Ravongla – 5 locations Namchi - 4 locations Bermoik 3 lcoations Namthang 3 locations West district : Gaylzing : 6 locations Soreng : 7 locations
Sub tropical Zone :Lowlands Elevation: 700 MSL to 1500 ft Areas: Rangpo/Majitar//Kumrek/Kamling/Singtam Jorethang/ Jitlang, Marmring , Suntaley,Sirwani Cereals& Oilseeds: Rice, Wheat,Soybean Maize &Mustards. Fruit and vegetables,floriculture: Mango, Banana, Litchee,,Guava Brinjal. Okra, Tomato , gurds , Rose, Lilium, Anthurrium, Cataliya, Phalenolopsis, etc.
Temperate zone Mid hills • 1500 ft to 5000 ft MSL • Areas: Khamdong, Namthang, Maniram, Sadam, Turuk, Dong, Samatar, Aho,e Mulukey ,Rumtek etc. • Cereals/Pulses/ Oilseeds: Rice/Wheat/Maize, Baby corn, sweet corn /Barley,Urd, Millet etc • Fruit and Vegetables ,Spices,floriculture Oranges/Kewi,/Guava/Avagadableso/Banana,Passion fruits/ all leafy vegetables/Cauliflower, Tomato, Choyate, Potato,Gingers//Turmeric /Lilium,Anthurrium,Zerbera, Venda, Cypripedium, etc
Temperate zone High hills • 5000 ft to 8500 ft MSL • Areas: Kabi, Okhrey,Chungthang, Pakyong, Chujachen, Lamaten, Geyzing, Sombaria,Naga, Shipgyar etc • Cereals/Pulses/ Oilseeds: Rice/Wheat/Maize, Millet ,Barley, Rajmash,Beans, Mustard,Soybean etc • Fruit and Vegetables ,Peach, Plum,Avagado,Tree tomato, All leafy vegetables ,seed Potato, Cabbage , Spices, large cardamom floriculture Orchid Dendaborrium,Cymbidum,
ALPINE Elevation : 9000 ft to 16000 ft. Areas: Lachung, Lachen,Hilley, Bersey, Nathang, Tsangu :Crops: Potato, Cabbage, Apple (till 9000ft)
List of Landrace of Rice Krishna bhog Attey Kanche Attey Tapray Chirakha Champasari Basmati Kalo Nunia Duud katee etc
HYV OF RICE UNDER IMPLEMNATION • 1. VL 82, • 2. Pant Dhan 10 • 3 VL 147( Foundation seeds) • 4 VL 206
SEED REPLACMENT RATE in Rice • Year 2010 …………… 19.88 % • Year 2011 ……………….21.88 %
AREA,PRODUCTION & PRODUCTIVITY OF RICE (anticept.)(Source: ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT FS&ADD 2011-12)
COVERAGE OF HYV/HYBRID –RICE Source: ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT FS&ADD 2011-12)
ACTION PLAN AND PREPARDNESS FOR IMPLEMNTATION OF NFSM –Rice 2012-13. Rs in lakh
Mission Director • Shri Khorlo Bhutia Director (FS&ADD) as Mission Director for NFSM in Sikkim. • Assisted by P.K.Dewan, Additional Director (Field crop) FS&ADD as scheme in charge
Nomination of State /District Level Agencyfortransfer of fund& Fund Flow • State Level Agency : State Agricultural Extension Management & Training Institute (SAMETI) ,Tadong Bank : State Bank of Sikkim Bank account no : 2554/26 District Level Agency: 1.North District : Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA ) in Mangan 2.East District:: Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) in Tadong 3.South District : Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA ) in Namchi 2.West District: Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) in Gaylzing.
FUND MANGAMENT • Proposal is sent to State government for approval for constituting a State National Food Security Executive Committee (SNFSEC|) headed by Chief Secretary of Sikkim and AG office for a permission to open a new Bank account of NFSM either in SAMETI or in any Nationalized bank. |Creation of new cell will be initiated. • For 2012-13, a request has been sent to Govt of India for transfer of fund to time being designated State level Agency , SAMETI and its bank account duly opened in the state run own bank State Bank of Sikkim and then the fund will be further percolated to district levels agency ATMA for executing of NFSM activities under the supervision of State Department.
Seeds and Agro Input Management for NFSM Rice • Selection of varieties and seed requirements : Total area to be covered :- 300 hectres HYV : Pant Dhan - 12 and Pant Dhan -18 = 170 qtls Hybrid : KRH-2 = 170 qtls Agro Inputs : Micro nutrients/Biofertiliser: Bio –zinc/Nulpak supplements for 2810 hact =164.76 qtls (10 kg /ha) Liming in acidic soils(Dolomite)= 2810 hect = 400 MT =142.34 kg /ha Plant Protection & Bio agents = 2810 hectres.( pseudomonas spp. Beauvaria bassaina,tricoderma spp & Seed cel etc as preventive measures ) Knap sack distribution = 100 nos Cropping system based training = 25 nos
Monitoring and Evaluation. • Online data submission will be sent to GOI through MIS for NFSM through Departmental computer control room.
LIST OF THE NFSM AREAS • NORTH DISTRICT:- • Mangan ……………2 locations • Kabi…………………2 locations • Dzongu …………….3 lcoations.
LIST OF THE NFSM AREAS • EAST DISTRICT: GANGTOK………….7 LOCATIONS PAKYONG………….6 LOCATIONS RONGALI …………. 5 LOCATION
LIST OF THE NFSM AREAS WEST DISTRICT: GEYZING…………….6 LOCATIONS SORENG…………….7 LOCATIONS
LIST OF THE NFSM AREAS • SOUTH DISTRICT. • NAMCHI…………..4 LOCATIONS • RAVONGLA …… 4 LOCATIONS • NAMTHANG ……..3 LCOATIONS • BERMOIK …………2 LOCATION
Pleasant hearing………… THANK YOU