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Introductory Psychology

Introductory Psychology

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Introductory Psychology

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  1. Introductory Psychology Spring 2014 Chapter 1: The science of psychology Chapter Flashcards

  2. Question 1 • Psychology is defined as

  3. Question 1- Answer • The scientific study of behavior and mental processes

  4. Question 2 • What are the four goals of psychology?

  5. Question 2- Answer • Description • Explanation • Prediction • Control

  6. Question 3 • What is description

  7. Question 3- Answer • Observing a behavior or mental process and noting everything about it.

  8. Question 4 • What are the four questions of description?

  9. Question 4- Answer • What is happening? • Where does it happen? • To whom does it happen? • Under what circumstances does it seem to happen?

  10. Question 5 • What is the goal of description

  11. Question 5- Answer • observations

  12. Question 6 • What is the goal of explanation

  13. Question 6- Answer • theory

  14. Question 7 • What is a theory

  15. Question 7- Answer • A general explanation of a set of observations or facts.

  16. Question 8 • What is prediction

  17. Question 8- Answer • Determining what will happen in the future

  18. Question 9 • What is the goal of prediction

  19. Question 9- Answer • To understand the behavior in the future

  20. Question 10 • What is the goal of control

  21. Question 10- Answer • Goal of control is to change or modify the behavior, specifically from undesirable behavior to desirable behavior

  22. Question 11 • The early roots of psychology are founded in what two fields of study

  23. Question 11- Answer • Philosophy and Physiology

  24. Question 12 Philosophers who made a contribution to the development of the field of psychology include

  25. Question 12- Answer • Hippocrates • Aristotle • Plato • Descartes

  26. Question 13 • Philosopher who lived from 384-322 B.C.

  27. Question 13- Answer • Aristotle

  28. Question 14 • Conclusion was that the brain must be functionally divided

  29. Question 14- Answer • Doctrine of specific nerve energies

  30. Question 15 • States that because all nerve fibers carry the same type of message , sensory information must be specified by the particular nerve fibers that are active

  31. Question 15- Answer • Doctrine of specific nerve energies

  32. Question 16 • -Lived from 384- 322 B.C. • -Believed the brain served to cool the passion of the heart • -Viewed the heart as the seat of thought and emotion • -Believed the soul and the body were two parts of the same underlying structure • -Wrote De Anima

  33. Question 16- Answer • Aristotle

  34. Question 17 • Believed the mind was made up of thoughts, experiences, emotions, and other basic elements

  35. Question 17- Answer • Wilhelm Wundt

  36. Question 18 • Wrote the doctrine of specific nerve energies

  37. Question 18- Answer • Johannes Muller

  38. Question 19 • Viewed the heart as the seat of thought and emotion

  39. Question 19- Answer • Aristotle

  40. Question 20 • What function did Descartes attribute to the soul

  41. Question 20- Answer • Thought in the form of conscious deliberation and judgment

  42. Question 21 • Believed the brain served to cool the passion of the heart

  43. Question 21- Answer • Aristotle

  44. Question 22 • Believed the soul and the body were two parts of the same underlying structure

  45. Question 22- Answer • Aristotle

  46. Question 23 • Believed the pineal gland was the seat of the soul

  47. Question 23- Answer • Descartes

  48. Question 24 • Lived from 1596-1650

  49. Question 24- Answer • Rene Descartes

  50. Question 25 • Prior to Descartes what did philosophers believe was the function of the soul