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Basic Literacy Skills

Basic Literacy Skills

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Basic Literacy Skills

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  1. Basic Literacy Skills Stacie Phillips sphillips7143@yahoo.com

  2. The Big Five! • 1. Phonemic Awareness

  3. The Big Five! • 1. Phonemic Awareness • 2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic Phonics

  4. The Big Five! • 1. Phonemic Awareness • 2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic Phonics • 3. Fluency

  5. The Big Five! • 1. Phonemic Awareness • 2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic Phonics • 3. Fluency • 4. Comprehension

  6. The Big Five! • 1. Phonemic Awareness • 2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic Phonics • 3. Fluency • 4. Comprehension • 5. Vocabulary

  7. 1.Phonemic awareness

  8. 1.Phonemic awareness • The awareness of the sounds (phonemes) that make up spoken words.

  9. 1.Phonemic awareness • The awareness of the sounds (phonemes) that make up spoken words. • The ability is not necessary for speaking and understanding spoken language.

  10. 1.Phonemic awareness • The awareness of the sounds (phonemes) that make up spoken words. • The ability is not necessary for speaking and understanding spoken language. • It is important for learning to read!

  11. What is a Phoneme?

  12. What is a Phoneme? • A minimal sound unit of speech that , when contrasted with another phoneme, affects the meaning of words in a language. • PHONEME= 1 SOUND!

  13. The Phonological Umbrella! • Top of umbrella= • Large units like words, syllables, and onset and rime Being Aware of Language!

  14. The Phonological Umbrella! • Top of umbrella= • Large units like words, syllables, and onset and rime • Middle of umbrella= • Phonemic Awareness Being Aware of Language!

  15. The Phonological Umbrella! • Top of umbrella= • Large units like words, syllables, and onset and rime • Middle of umbrella= • Phonemic Awareness • Bottom of umbrella= • Small units, isolate, identify, categorize, segment, blend Being Aware of Language!

  16. Why is Phonemic Awareness Important?

  17. Why is Phonemic Awareness Important? • It is easier to segment syllables than it is to segment phonemes.

  18. Why is Phonemic Awareness Important? • It is easier to segment syllables than it is to segment phonemes. • There is a strong relationship between phonemic awareness and reading performance.

  19. Why is Phonemic Awareness Important? • It is easier to segment syllables than it is to segment phonemes. • There is a strong relationship between phonemic awareness and reading performance. • Phonemic awareness predicts reading success better than age, socioeconomic status, and IQ.

  20. How Do We Measure Phonemic Awareness?

  21. How Do We Measure Phonemic Awareness? • Asking students whether two words rhyme.

  22. How Do We Measure Phonemic Awareness? • Asking students whether two words rhyme. • Using sound-to-word matching and blending.

  23. How Do We Measure Phonemic Awareness? • Asking students whether two words rhyme. • Using sound-to-word matching and blending. • Isolating individual phonemes.

  24. How Do We Measure Phonemic Awareness? • Asking students whether two words rhyme. • Using sound-to-word matching and blending. • Isolating individual phonemes. • Segmenting a word into all its component phonemes.

  25. How Can We Improve Phonemic Awareness?

  26. How Can We Improve Phonemic Awareness? • Provide practice segmenting spoken words.

  27. How Can We Improve Phonemic Awareness? • Provide practice segmenting spoken words. • Use spelling activities.

  28. How Can We Improve Phonemic Awareness? • Provide practice segmenting spoken words. • Use spelling activities. • Provide literature that focuses on playing with sounds through rhyme, alliteration, etc.

  29. 2. Alphabetic principle& basic phonics

  30. 2. Alphabetic principle& basic phonics • The assumption that each speech sound should have its own distinctive graphic representation.

  31. Why is the Alphabetic Principle Important?

  32. Why is the Alphabetic Principle Important? • It is the foundation of any alphabetic writing system.

  33. Why is the Alphabetic Principle Important? • It is the foundation of any alphabetic writing system. • It plays a critical role in beginning reading.

  34. Why is the Alphabetic Principle Important? • It is the foundation of any alphabetic writing system. • It plays a critical role in beginning reading. • It is the foundation of learning to spell.

  35. Why is the Alphabetic Principle Important? • It is the foundation of any alphabetic writing system. • It plays a critical role in beginning reading. • It is the foundation of learning to spell. • Automaticity needs to be reached.

  36. BASIC PHONICS

  37. BASIC PHONICS • A way of teaching reading and spelling that stresses symbol-sound relationships, used especially in beginning instruction.

  38. How should phonics be taught?

  39. How should phonics be taught? • 1. Phonics should be taught systematically.

  40. How should phonics be taught? • 1. Phonics should be taught systematically. • 2. Skills should be taught in a planned sequence.

  41. How should phonics be taught? • 1. Phonics should be taught systematically. • 2. Skills should be taught in a planned sequence. • 3.There needs to be a deliberate and sequential focus on building and using the relationship between sounds and letter symbols to help readers decode new words.

  42. Modeling phonics instruction

  43. Modeling phonics instruction • The best texts for modeling are high interest or informational.

  44. Modeling phonics instruction • The best texts for modeling are high interest or informational. • Independent practice helps readers build the connection between symbols and sounds.

  45. Modeling phonics instruction • The best texts for modeling are high interest or informational. • Independent practice helps readers build the connection between symbols and sounds. • Phonics skills should then be applied to authentic reading and writing experiences to help develop good decoding skills.

  46. 3. fluency

  47. 3. fluency • The clear, easy, written or spoken expression of ideas.

  48. 3. fluency • The clear, easy, written or spoken expression of ideas. • Freedom from word identification problems.

  49. Why Is being a fluent reader so important? • “Fluency is a bridge between word recognition and comprehension.” Stacie, could you site the quote please?

  50. How Do we increase fluency in reading?