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MINES SAFETY IN INDIA CONTROL OF ACCIDENTS AND DISASTERS IN 21 ST CENTURY S. N. PADHI FORMER DIRECTOR GENERAL OF MINES

MINES SAFETY IN INDIA CONTROL OF ACCIDENTS AND DISASTERS IN 21 ST CENTURY S. N. PADHI FORMER DIRECTOR GENERAL OF MINES SAFETY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA. MINING IN INDIA. 600 COAL MINES 35 OIL PROJECTS 6000 METALI EROUS MINES PRIMARY LABOUR INTENSIVE ONE MILLION PERSONS EMPLOYED

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MINES SAFETY IN INDIA CONTROL OF ACCIDENTS AND DISASTERS IN 21 ST CENTURY S. N. PADHI FORMER DIRECTOR GENERAL OF MINES

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  1. MINES SAFETY IN INDIACONTROL OF ACCIDENTS AND DISASTERSIN 21ST CENTURYS. N. PADHIFORMER DIRECTOR GENERAL OF MINES SAFETYGOVERNMENT OF INDIA

  2. MINING IN INDIA • 600 COAL MINES • 35 OIL PROJECTS • 6000 METALI EROUS MINES • PRIMARY LABOUR INTENSIVE • ONE MILLION PERSONS EMPLOYED • OPENACAST COAL MINING ON INCREASE • 26% IN 1972 AND 75% IN 2000

  3. ACCIDENT EXPERIENCEOVER A CENTURY - COAL AND NON COAL MINES

  4. ACCIDENT EXPERIENCELAST DECADE - COAL MINES

  5. ACCIDENT EXPERIENCELAST DECADE - METALI FEROUS MINES

  6. ACCIDENT EXPERIENCECAUSE WISE - COAL MINES

  7. ACCIDENT EXPERIENCECAUSE WISE - METALLIFEROUS MINES

  8. ROOF FALL - MAJOR KILLER IN COAL MINESINITIATIVES FOR REDUCTION • PIACT MISSION (ILO) - FRESHLY EXPOSED ROOF • DGMS / CMRS - EXPERIMENT : NEW SUPPORTS • EXPERT GROUP GUIDE LINES • R.M.R. AND SUPPORT SYSTEMS • REGULATIONS AMMENDED - SUPPORT PLANS • STEEL SUPPORTS AND ROOF BOLTING • FOREIGN EXPERTISE : DGMS GUIDE LINES

  9. DUMPERS TRANSPORT MACHINERYMAJOR KILLERS IN OPENCAST MINES • MAJOR INITIATIVES • SAETY CONFERENCE RECOMMENDATIONS • CODE OF PRACTICE FOR DUMPING ETC • MAINTENANCE OF HAUL ROADS • REPAIR AND OVER HAUL OF HEMM • TRAINING OF OPERATORS

  10. CONTROL OF ACCIDENTS(A) NEW INITIATIVES - MANAGEMENT NINTH SAFETY CONFERENCE • RISK ASSESSMENT : SAFETY MANAGEMENT PLAN • EMBRACE ORGANISATIONAL, BEHAVIOURIAL AND CULTURAL SYSTEMS OVER ENGINEERING INITIATIVES • ROLE OF MANAGER AS PROMOTOR AND FACILITATOR • TEAM BUILDING AND COMMUNICATION • SAFETY PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL IN BOARD MEETINGS

  11. CONTROL OF ACCIDENTS(B) NEW INITIATIVES : WORKERS TOTAL INVOLVEMENT OF ALL EMMPLOYEES IN SAFETY MANAGEMENT • PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL • EFFECTIVE SAFETY COMMITTEES • SECTIONAL / DEPARTMENTAL FOR SPECIFIC AREAS OF OPERATION

  12. CONTROL OF ACCIDENTS(C) NEW INITIATIVES : ENGINEERINGS QUALITY CONTROL OF MATERIALS • BY USER • BY MANUFACTURER • BY SUPPLIER CONFIRM STANDARDS QUALITY CONTROL / TESTING CELLS

  13. DISASTERS IN COAL MINESCAUSE WISE - OVER LAST CENTURY

  14. DISASTER IN COAL MINESCAUSE WISE - SPECIFIC PERIODS - PERCENTAGE

  15. FATALITIES DUE TO EXPLOSIONS REDUCED MAJOR CAUSES • WITHDRAWAL OF MUGGBATTIS (OPEN FLAME) • INTRODUCTION OF CAP LAMPS • STONE DUST BARRIERS • ALL U.G. COAL MINES TREATED GASSY • IMPROVED VENTILATION STANDARDS • ADOPTION OF IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY • MANDATORY EMERGENCY PLANS

  16. DISASTERS DUE TO INUNDATION MAJOR CAUSES • CRISS CROSSED RIVER VALLEY’S • ABANDONED WORKINGS NEAR WATER BODIES • LOWERING OF GROUND PROFILE DUE TO MINING • MULTIPLE SEAMS - WATER LOGGED WORKING • FRAGMENTED AND THIN MINE BOUNDARIES • UNSTABLE WORKINGS BELOW WATER BODIES • UNDERLIABLE PROTECTIVE MEASURES

  17. DISASTERS DUE TO INUNDATION MAJOR CAUSES - CONTINUED • HEAVY RAINFALL • CHANGE OF WATER COURSE • CONSTRICTION ON WATER COURSES • IN ACCURATE SURVEY • INCORRECT MINE PLANS • INEFFECTIVE EVACUATION SYSTEM • GEOLOGICAL DISTURBANCES • WATER CHARGED STRATA

  18. DISASTERS DUE TO INUNDATION PREVENTIVE MEASURES • RECOMMENDATIONS OF COURTS OF ENQUIRY • RECOMMENDATIONS OF NINETH SAFETY CONFERENCE • DELINATION OF WATER BODIES • AWARENESS PROGRAMMES • INVOLVEMENT OF ALL CONCERNED • DISEMINATION OF INFORMATIONS • PROPER COMMUNICATION SYSTEM • RAINFALL WARNING AND METEOROGICAL DATA • IDENTIFY SIGNALS AND TAKE MEASURES

  19. DISASTERS DUE TO INUNDATION PREVENTIVE MEASURES - CONTINUED • BETTER DESIGN OF PROTECTIVE • MEASURES ON ENGINEERING CONSIDERATIONS • ADJUSTMENT OF HFL AS PER CHARGED RIVER CHANNEL • R & D EFFORTS • GEOPHISICAL METHODS FOR LOCATING U.G. WATER BODIES • INFRASTRUCTURE FOR DRILLING OF ADVANCE BOREHOLES • RISK ASSESSMENT & RISK MANAGEMENT • RESPONSIBILITIES AT EACH STAGE DEFINED • DYNAMIC AND VIBRANT MANAGEMENT

  20. ThankYou.. !

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