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3 rd Edition Strategic Management In Tourism

CABI TOURISM TEXTS. 3 rd Edition Strategic Management In Tourism. Edited by LUIZ MOUTINHO AND ALFONSO VARGAS SÁNCHEZ. COMPLIMENTARY TEACHING MATERIALS. CABI TOURISM TEXTS. CHAPTER 1. THE NEW BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND TRENDS IN TOURISM SHIRLEY RATE, LUIZ MOUTINHO AND RONNIE BALLANTYNE.

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3 rd Edition Strategic Management In Tourism

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  1. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 3rd EditionStrategic Management In Tourism Editedby LUIZ MOUTINHO AND ALFONSO VARGAS SÁNCHEZ COMPLIMENTARY TEACHING MATERIALS

  2. CABI TOURISM TEXTS CHAPTER 1 THE NEW BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND TRENDS IN TOURISM SHIRLEY RATE, LUIZ MOUTINHO AND RONNIE BALLANTYNE

  3. CABI TOURISM TEXTS LEARNING OBJECTIVES • To explore the new business environment and trends in tourism using the SCEPTICAL framework of analysis. • To examine the implications of key environmental trends on tourism business decision making. • To consider how the emerging tourism trends will shape the future of the tourist sector.

  4. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 1 THE NEW BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND TRENDS IN TOURISM The special relationship between the tourism industry and its marketing environment means that the depth of understanding needed concerning the influence of the environment goes far beyond that which suffices for many other industries. The external environment of any industry contains a myriad of interdependent factors which need to be somehow separated out and categorized to make analysis of them possible.

  5. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 2 SCEPTICAL ANALYSIS IN TOURISM This framework provides a robust structure for understanding the complex business environment in which tourism providers operate. Each of these categories may be the source of change which present tourism operators with significant opportunities and threats. The challenge is in deciding what to do in the face of a changing and uncertain environment.

  6. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 3 SCEPTICAL FRAMEWORK

  7. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 4 SOCIAL FACTORS • Tourism is a social phenomenon and it is influenced by the society in which it exists. Tourism involves a large-scale, if temporary, transfer of individuals between different societies. This can create social change of both a temporary and a longer-term nature. • Key trends which should be accounted for in tourism planning include: • Demographic change. • The democratization of tourism. • Global urbanization.

  8. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 5 CULTURAL FACTORS • In tourism, there is a strong trend leading away from standardization towards diversity in lifestyles inciting new approaches to life and recreation and the rise of customization in tourist product offerings. • Key trends which should be accounted for in tourism planning include: • Increasing desire to relate to nature, to gain first-hand experience. • Higher levels of environmental consciousness and altruistic tendencies. • Increasing effort to learn about cultures.

  9. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 6 ECONOMIC FACTORS • Tourism as an industry can and does have significant impacts on an economy’s growth. For governments, foreign exchange earnings, income and employment generation are the key drivers of economic growth which influence and encourage investment in the industry. However, the growth of the industry is reliant on a number of factors: • Global economic conditions. • Demand and supply.

  10. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 7 PHYSICAL FACTORS • A growing awareness of environmental factors and sustainability will continue to increase and intensify. Over time this will become a dominant factor in terms of influencing consumer decision making and ultimate consumer choice. • Key trends which should be accounted for in tourism planning include: • Growth of ‘ecological tourism’. • Increase in the number of protected environments. • Increase in ecological and sustainable planning.

  11. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 8 TECHNICAL FACTORS • Technological developments are changing the way that tourism providers are interacting with customers and are indeed altering the intrinsic make-up of the tourism product. • Key trends which should be accounted for in tourism planning include: • Rise of the ‘prosumer’. • Individualization and specialization of tourist products. • Increase in virtual tourism communities. • Consolidation of tourism organizations.

  12. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 9 INTERNATIONAL FACTORS • The tourism industry’s evolution has largely been dictated by developments in international travel and transport. The developments and changes in relations between countries should form a critical aspect of continuous environmental scanning for those in the tourism industry. • Key trends which should be accounted for in tourism planning include: • International relations impacted by terrorist activities. • Political change removing barriers to movement.

  13. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 10 COMMUNICATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE FACTORS • Tourism providers are dependent on an existing infrastructure to handle travel, hospitality and communication. Although tourism is viewed as an intangible service business, the investment in infrastructure needed to support many tourism products would dwarf the capital expenditure of all but the most global manufacturers. • Key trends which should be accounted for in tourism planning include: • Transport. • Accommodation. • Facilities/Attractions.

  14. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 11 ADMINISTRATIVE AND INSTITUTIONAL FACTORS • For any form of business the environment will contain a wide range of institutions which can influence the operation and development of their business. • Key institutions which should be accounted for in tourism planning include: • Local government. • National tourism organizations. • Consumer groups. • Special interest groups. • Law enforcement agencies.

  15. CABI TOURISM TEXTS 12 LEGAL AND POLITICAL FACTORS • The nature and development of tourism in any country are largely the result of its government’s ideology on this facet of economic activity. Governments control growth and development through investment, infrastructure and regulation. • Key trends which should be accounted for in tourism planning include: • Changes to subsidies and regulations. • Government attitudes to tourism. • Political instability.

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