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- Marriages - Dissolution of marriages - Civil partnerships - Conclusions PowerPoint Presentation
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- Marriages - Dissolution of marriages - Civil partnerships - Conclusions

- Marriages - Dissolution of marriages - Civil partnerships - Conclusions

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- Marriages - Dissolution of marriages - Civil partnerships - Conclusions

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  1. 13. International Seminar for RegistrarsEuropäischeAkademieOtzenhausenMarriages and partnerships in Europe Legal provisions and ceremonyThe case of BelgiumSteve Heylenhead of service Registrar’s Office Leuvenpresident VLAVABBS

  2. Content - Marriages- Dissolution of marriages- Civil partnerships- Conclusions

  3. Marriages

  4. Marriages: the Belgian Constitution

  5. Marriages: the Belgian Constitution - Predominance of the civil over the religious marriage (article 21)- Civil acts and registers are attributions of communal authorities (article 164)- Marriage booklet

  6. Marriages: the Belgian Code of International Private Law

  7. Marriages: the Belgian Code of International Private Law • Jurisdiction of the Belgian registrar • Legal framework or national law to be applied (basic conditions and formalities) • Recognition in Belgium of marriages abroad

  8. Marriages: the Belgian Code of International Private Law • Jurisdiction of the Belgian registrar (article 44) • One of the spouses is Belgian • One of the spouses has official residence in Belgium • One of the spouses has usual main residence in Belgium for more than 3 months • No “tourist marriages”

  9. Marriages: the Belgian Code of International Private Law • Legal framework (article 46) for the basic conditions • Law of the country of which each spouse is a citizen • Same sex marriages exception • Public order exception (article 21)

  10. Marriages: the Belgian Code of International Private Law Legal framework (article 47) for the formalities = Law of the country on which territory the marriage takes place

  11. Marriages: the Belgian Code of International Private Law • Recognition of marriages abroad (article 27) • Registrar checks: • Legal framework: basic and formal conditions (articles 46 & 47) • No evasion of law (article 18) • No intrusion Belgian public order (article 21) • Authenticity and validity (article 24) • Legalization (article 30)

  12. Marriages: the Belgian Code of International Private Law • Recognition of marriages abroad (article 27) • Marriage accepted: civil status changes (article 31) • Re-registration not compulsory, possible for Belgians (article 48 Civil Code) • Marriage not accepted: court procedure (article 23)

  13. Marriages: the Belgian Code of International Private Law • Recognition of marriages abroad: consular marriages (article 5 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations 1963) • Consulates in Belgium • Consulates in third countries • Belgian consulates

  14. Marriages: the Belgian Civil Code

  15. Marriages: the Belgian Civil Code • Where? • Basic marriage conditions • Documents • Ceremony • Marriage certificate • Bogus marriages • [Registry system: officer of civil status]

  16. Marriages: the Belgian Civil Code • Where (article 63)? • One of the spouses ‘s official residence • Usual residence • Prison and hospital • Belgians living abroad: • Last residence in Belgium • Residence of a relative • Place of birth • Brussels

  17. Marriages: the Belgian Civil Code • Basic conditions (articles 143-148) • Two persons (regardless sex) • Monogamy • 18 years old (or permission court) • Free consent

  18. Marriages: the Belgian Civil Code • Basic conditions (articles 161-164 and 353-13) • Marriage is prohibited between: • Parents – children • Step-parents – step-children (exemption) • Parents in law – children in law (exemption) • Brothers, sisters, brother and sister • Uncle or Aunt – niece or nephew (exemption) • Adopter – adoption child • Adoption child – former spouse of adopter (exemption) • Adopter – former spouse of adoption child (exemption) • Adoption children of same adopter (exemption) • Adoption child – children of adopter (exemption)

  19. Marriages: the Belgian Civil Code • Documents (article 64) for the declaration of marriage (article 166) • Birth certificate • Proof of identity • Proof of citizenship • Proof of single status or dissolution/annulment former marriage • Proof of residence • Power of attorney • Other • Legalization/translation • Responsibilities registrar

  20. Marriages: the Belgian Civil Code • Ceremony (articles 75 and 166) • Day chosen by the spouses, hour by the registrar: time tables & fees • Town hall or other location decided by the municipal council • Witnesses: 0 to 4 • In public • Reading of chapter 6 Civil Code • Declaration of consent by the spouses • Declaration by the registrar • Signing the marriage certificate

  21. Marriages: the Belgian Civil Code • Marriage certificate (article 74) • Date, place, time and officiating registrar marriage • Names, residence, place and date of birth spouses • Names and residence parents • Declaration spouses • Declaration registrar • Names, age, residence and relationship witnesses • Date, name and residence notary of marriage settlement (choice of law) • Marriage name if applicable

  22. Marriages: the Belgian Civil Code • Bogus marriages (articles 146bis and 167) • - Definition: sole intention aimed at a permit of residence. • Indications (minister of Justice) • Possibility of postponing and refusing a bogus marriage • - Annulment

  23. Dissolution of marriage

  24. Dissolution of marriage: the Belgian Code of International Private Law & Brussels II bis Council Regulation

  25. Dissolution of marriage: the Belgian Code of International Private Law & Brussels II bis Council Regulation • Jurisdiction of the Belgian court • Legal framework • Recognition in Belgium of divorces abroad • Difference EU – non-EU

  26. Dissolution of marriage: the Belgian Code of International Private Law & Brussels II bis Council Regulation - residence in Belgium- one of the spouses Belgian Jurisdiction of the Belgian court (article 3 Brussels II, article 42 Code)

  27. Dissolution of marriage: the Belgian Code of International Private Law & Brussels II bis Council Regulation - usual residence both parties- last common residence- common nationality- Belgian law- formalities: territory Law system (article 55 Code)

  28. Dissolution of marriages: the Belgian Code of International Private Law & Brussels II bis Council Regulation Recognition of divorces abroad EU except Denmark (articles 21, 22, 24, 25, 37 and annex 1 Brussels II) = automatically: certificate annex 1

  29. Dissolution of marriages: the Belgian Code of International Private Law & Brussels II bis Council Regulation • Recognition of divorces abroad non-EU and Denmark (articles 22, 25 and 57 Code) • The registrar refuses when: • Violation Belgian public order • Violation rights of defense • Evasion of Law • Decision open to appeal • Decision not compatible with earlier decision • Procedure started after Belgian procedure • Jurisdiction was exclusively Belgian • No bond with state where decision took place • Repudiation “based on the will of the husband alone”

  30. Dissolution of marriage: the Belgian Civil Code

  31. Dissolution of marriage: the Belgian Civil Code • 2 types of divorce • Simplification process • Registrar’s role limited

  32. Civil partnerships: the “legal cohabitation”

  33. Legal cohabitation: the Belgian Code of International Private Law

  34. Legal cohabitation: the Belgian Code of International Private Law • Jurisdiction of the registrar when parties have residence in municipality • Legal framework: country of first registration • Recognition: see marriages (applicable national law, no evasion Belgian law, no violation Belgian public order, validity of documents)

  35. Legal cohabitation: the Belgian Civil Code

  36. Legal cohabitation: the Belgian Civil Code • Articles 1475 to 1479 • Introduced year 2000 • Registrar common residence • Twoconditions: • No otherlegalcohabitationormarriage • Ability to concludecontracts

  37. Legal cohabitation: the Belgian Civil Code • Declaration: • Date • Names, place and date of birth, signature both parties • Common residence • Consent • Aware of articles Civil Code • Place, date and name notary (separate agreement)

  38. Legal cohabitation: the Belgian Civil Code • End: death, marriage or declaration • Ceremony • Differences with marriage • - Considerable • - During the years social and tax benefits: “marriage light” • - Gate for migration

  39. Conclusions

  40. Conclusions • Unexepted effects • Simplification • Citizen’s wishes central • Changing society

  41. Thank you !