Man and Energy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

man and energy n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Man and Energy PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Man and Energy

play fullscreen
1 / 95
Man and Energy
272 Views
Download Presentation
uriah-hale
Download Presentation

Man and Energy

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Man and Energy • Pongthep Suwanwaree, Ph.D. • School of Biology • Institute of Science • Suranaree University of Technology • 18 January 2005

  2. What is the meaning of Energy? • Potential Energy • Kinetic Energy

  3. Energy in sun light

  4. Quality of energy

  5. Energy evolution 1 Late 1700s

  6. Energy evolution 2 1960s Late 1800s 1940s Industrial Revolution

  7. Types of Energy • Nonrenewable • Renewable

  8. Important nonrenewable energy resources

  9. Shifts in the use of commecial energy resources in the U.S.

  10. World commercial energy use 1999

  11. Thai commercial energy use 2000

  12. 1. Crude oil (Petroleum) Proven world oil reserves (billions of barrels) in 1997

  13. Oil drilling 1 Cook Inlet of Southern Alaska

  14. Oil drilling 2 Sahara Desert of Algeria

  15. Refining crude oil

  16. Major trade routes for the world’s oil

  17. Advantages of using conventional oil as an energy resource • Ample supply for 42-93 years • Low cost (with huge subsidies) • High net energy yield • Easily transported within and between countries • Low land use

  18. Disadvantages of using conventional oil as an energy resource • Need to find substitute within 50 years • Artificially low price encourages waste and discourages search for alternatives • Air pollution when burned • Releases CO2 when burned • Moderate water pollution

  19. 2. Natural gas

  20. Natural gas deposite

  21. Advantages of using conventional natural gas as an energy resourse • Ample supplies (125 years) • High net energy yield • Low cost (with huge subsidies) • Less air pollution than other fossil fuels • Lower CO2 emissions than other fossil fuels • Moderate environmental impact

  22. Advantages of using conventional natural gas as an energy resource • Easily transported by pipeline • Low land use • Good fuel for fuel cells and gas turbines

  23. Disadvantages of using conventional natural gas as an energy resource • Releases CO2 when burned • Methane (a greenhouse gas) can leak from pipelines • Shipped across ocean as highly explosive LNG • Sometimes burned off and wasted at wells because of low price

  24. 3. Coal World coal reserves (billions of tons) in 1997 (antracite+bituminous)

  25. Types of coal

  26. Coal formation 1

  27. Coal formation 2