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MAIN IDEAS, MAJOR DETAILS, AND MINOR DETAILS

MAIN IDEAS, MAJOR DETAILS, AND MINOR DETAILS

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MAIN IDEAS, MAJOR DETAILS, AND MINOR DETAILS

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  1. MAIN IDEAS, MAJOR DETAILS, AND MINOR DETAILS Source-John Langan, Ten Steps to Improving College Reading Skills, 3rd ed.

  2. Main Idea • Major Detail • Minor Detail • Minor Detail • Major Detail • Minor Detail • Minor Detail • Major Detail • Minor Detail • Minor Detail

  3. Main Idea, Major Details, and Minor Details Main Idea Major Details Major Details Minor Details Minor Details Minor Details Minor Details Minor Details

  4. Text #1 • The microbes that cause infection are transmitted to people in one of three ways.Direct transmission involves bodily contact with an infected person, such as handshaking, kissing, or sexual relations. For example, a cold may be passed through a kiss, and herpes is transmitted through sexual contact. Second, indirect transmission occurs when microbes are passed from an infected person to an individual via airborne particles, dust, water, food, or anything else the infected person touches. For example, someone might catch the flu by drinking from a glass that has been used by a person with the flu. Or a person can catch a cold by breathing air into which someone has sneezed. Third, animals and insects can transmit microbes. Yellow fever, for instance, is spread through the bite of certain tropical mosquitoes. Flies carry harmful microbes on their feet, which they can transmit to people by landing on their food.

  5. Main Ideas and Major Supporting Details • Main idea-Microbes that cause infection are transmitted to people in one of three ways. • Major Details: 1. Direct transmission through bodily contact with an infected person 2. Indirect transmission through air, dust, water, food, or anything else touched by an infected person 3. Transmission by animals and insects

  6. Major and Minor Details #1 • Major Detail-Direct transmission through bodily contact • Minor Detail-Passing a cold through a kiss • Minor Detail-Transmitting herpes through sexual contact

  7. Major and Minor Details #2 • Major Detail-Indirect transmission through air, dust, water, food, or anything else the person touches • Minor Detail-catching flu by drinking from a glass used by someone who has the flu • Minor Detail-Catching a cold by breathing air into which someone has sneezed

  8. Major and Minor Details #3 • Major Detail-Transmitted by animals and insects • Minor Detail-Spread of yellow fever through mosquito bite • Minor Detail-Transmission of microbes to people by flies landing on food

  9. Text #2 • Many bosses share two weaknesses. First, they are often poor communicators. They tell people what to do and when to do it, without explaining the reasons for their rules, and they do not welcome feedback or questions. In addition, many bosses are workaholics. Their jobs tend to be their lives and they expect everybody who works for them to think and act the way they do. These bosses frown upon hearing that a family matter will keep an employee from working late, and they come out of their offices looking irritated if there is too much talk or laughter during a coffee break.

  10. Main Idea and Major Details Text #2 Main Idea-Many bosses share two weaknesses. • Major Detail-They are poor communicators. • Major Detail-They are workaholics.

  11. Major Detail and Minor Details #1 Major Detail-They are often poor communicators. • Minor Detail-They tell people what to do and when to do it without explaining their rules. • Minor Detail-They do not welcome feedback or questions.

  12. Major and Minor Details #2 Major Detail-They are workaholics. • Minor Detail-Their jobs tend to be their lives and they expect everybody who works for them to think and act the way they do. • Minor Detail-They frown upon hearing that a family matter will keep an employee from working late. • Minor Detail-They come out of their offices looking irritated if there is too much talk or laughter during a coffee break.

  13. Main Idea, Major Details, and Minor Details Main Idea Major Details Major Details Minor Details Minor Details Minor Details Minor Details Minor Details

  14. Main Idea, Major Details, and Minor Details-Text #2 Main Idea-Many bosses share two weaknesses. They are workaholics They are often poor communicators. They tell people what to do and when to do it without explaining their rules. They do not welcome feedback or questions Their jobs tend to be their lives and they expect everybody who works for them to think and act the way they do. They frown upon hearing that a family matter will keep an employee from working late They come out of their offices looking irritated if there is too much talk or laughter during a coffee break.