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Epidemiology and the SPF

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  1. Epidemiology and the SPF Kristen Clements-Nolle Joshua Phillip Alyssa O’Hair July 6, 2010

  2. Epidemiology and the SPF

  3. What is Epidemiology? “Epidemiology is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health and diseases, morbidity, injuries, disability, and mortality in populations” --Friis, R.H., & Sellers, T. (2008). Epidemiology for Public Health Practice, Fourth Edition.Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

  4. Distribution • Descriptive Epidemiology / Surveillance • Observing the distribution of:

  5. Person • What populations are most affected? • Age • Race/ethnicity • Gender • Occupation

  6. Place • What geographic areas are most affected? • National comparison • Regional comparison • Community comparison

  7. Time • Have key indicators changed over time? • Consumption • Consequences • Risk and Protective Factors

  8. Epi Trends by Maybelline & Jay

  9. What is Epidemiology? “Epidemiology is concerned with the distribution and determinants of health and diseases, morbidity, injuries, disability, and mortality in populations” --Friis, R.H., & Sellers, T. (2008). Epidemiology for Public Health Practice, Fourth Edition.Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

  10. Determinants • Risk Factors increase the likelihood of substance use and it’s consequences • Risk Factors in RMI? • Protective Factors reduce the potential for substance use and it’s consequences • Protective Factors in RMI?

  11. General Epi Concepts: Morbidity vs. Mortality • Morbidity refers to disease, illness, or disability • Mortality refers to death

  12. General Epi Concepts: Incidence vs. Prevalence • Prevalence quantifies number of existing cases in a population at a point or during a period of time. • Incidencequantifies the number of new cases that develop in a population at risk during a specified time period.

  13. Incidence Prevalence

  14. Epi Profile Focus • Consumption – Use and high-risk use of alcohol, tobacco, and/or drugs • Consequences – Adverse social, health, and safety consequences associated with alcohol, tobacco, and drug use • Risk and Protective Factors – Factors that increase or decrease the potential for substance use and it’s consequences

  15. You have an epi profile…now what? • What data do you have? What data are missing? • What resources are available in your communities? What’s missing? • What services already exist? Where are their gaps in services?

  16. You have an epi profile…now what? • How knowledgeable are the communities about substance use-related problems? • How ready are your communities for implementing prevention interventions? • Are you ready to prioritize your substance use issues and populations?

  17. What’s next? We’re here for you!!! Alyssa Joshua Kristen

  18. Joshua Phillip West RET CASAT/Mail Stop 279 University of Nevada, Reno Reno, Nevada 89557jphillip@casat.org 1-775-682-8554