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BANDRA-WORLI SEA LINK

BANDRA-WORLI SEA LINK. BY : PRAJAPATI NIHAR V . INTRODUCTION :.

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BANDRA-WORLI SEA LINK

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  1. BANDRA-WORLISEA LINK BY : PRAJAPATI NIHAR V.

  2. INTRODUCTION : • The Bandra–Worli Sea Link, officially called Rajiv Gandhi Sea Link, is a cable-stayed bridge with pre-stressed concrete-steel viaducts on either side that links Bandra in the Western Suburbs of Mumbai with Worli in South Mumbai. • The Sea Link which is Constructed by Hindustan Construction Company, India is among the most complex & advanced construction projects ever in India. • It is inaugurated at 30 June, 2009. The first four of the eight lanes of the bridge were opened to the public on 30 June 2009. All eight lanes were opened on 24 March 2010.

  3. Aerial view of the Bandra-Worli Sea Link

  4. Features : • Carries : 8 lanes of traffic with 2 lanes for buses. • Locale : Mumbai, Maharashtra, India • Total length : 5.6 kilometres (3.8 kms over the Sea) • Width : 2 x 20 metres • Height : 126 metres • Longest span : 2 x 250 metres

  5. BandraWorli Sea Link reduces the road length and hence time travel between Bandra and Worli.

  6. Design : • BWSL was designed as the first cable-stayed bridge to be constructed in open seas in India. • Due to the underlying geology, the pylons have a complex geometry and the main span over the Bandra channel is one of the longest spans of concrete deck attempted. • Balancing these engineering complexities with the aesthetics of the bridge presented significant challenges for the project. • The superstructure of the viaducts were the heaviest precast segments to be built in India. They were built using a span-by-span method using overhead gantry through a series of vertical and horizontal curves.

  7. Main Components : Pylon Tower Stay Cables Road Way Piers Foundation

  8. The 20,000 tonne Bandra-end span of the bridge deck is supported by stay cables within a very close tolerance of deviations in plan and elevation. • The Bandra–Worli Sea Link is the first infrastructure project in Mumbai to use seismic arresters. Seismic arresters will enable the sea link to withstand earthquakes measuring up to 8.0 on the Richter scale

  9. Foundation : • The construction of the bridge's structure presented major engineering challenges. These included the highly variable geotechnical conditions due to the underlying marine geology of the seabed.

  10. The foundations for cable-stayed Pylon Towers consist of 120 reinforced concrete piles of 2 metres (6.6 ft) diameter. Those for the viaducts Piers consist of 484 piles of 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) diameter. These 604 piles were driven between 6m and 34m into the substrate in geotechnical conditions that varied from highly weathered volcanic material to massive high strength rocks.

  11. Pylon tower : • BWSL's largest pylon towers are 128 m (420 ft) high. • The largest pylons for the bridge consist of diamond shaped 128 metres (420 ft) high concrete tower with continuously varying cross section along the height of tower.

  12. Pre-cast yard : • The pre-cast yard was located on reclaimed land. The yard catered to casting, storing and handling of 2342 concrete-steel pre-cast segments for the project. • The storage capacity requirement of yard was about 470 precast segments. As the area available was limited, the segments were stored in stacks of up to three layers.

  13. Structure : • BWSL consists of twin continuous concrete box girder bridge sections for traffic in each direction. Each bridge section, except at the cable-stayed portion, is supported on piers typically spaced 50 metres (160 ft) apart. • The bridge consists of three distinct parts: the north end viaduct, the central cable-stayed spans and the south end viaduct. Both the viaducts used precast segmental construction. The cable-stayed bridge on the Bandra channel has a 50m-250m-250m-50m span arrangement and on the Worli channel it has a 50m-50m-150m-50m-50m span arrangement.

  14. Northern & Southern viaducts : • The viaducts on either side of the central cable-stayed spans are arranged in 300-metre (980 ft) units consisting of six continuous spans of 50 metres (160 ft) each. Expansion joints are provided at each end of the units.

  15. The viaducts were built utilising pre-cast, post-tensioned, segmental concrete-steel box girder sections. • An overhead gantry crane with self-launching capability was custom built on the site to lay the superstructure of the precast segments. • The Pre-Cast segments are joined together using high strength epoxy glue with nominal pre-stressing initially. • The end segments adjacent to the pier are short segments "cast-in-situ joints". Geometrical adjustments of the span are made before primary continuous tendons are stressed.

  16. Cable-stayed spans : • The cable-stayed portion of the Bandra channel is 600 metres (2,000 ft) in length between expansion joints. • A centre tower, with an overall height of 128 metres above pile cap level, supports the superstructure by means of four planes of cable stay. • Cable spacing is 6.0 metres along the bridge deck. • A total of 264 cable stays are used at Bandra channel with cable lengths varying from approximately 85 metres to nearly 250 metres.

  17. The cable-stayed portion of the Worli channel is 350 metres (1,550 ft) in length between expansion joints. • A centre tower, with an overall height of 55 metres above pile cap level, supports the superstructure by means of four planes of cable stay. • Cable spacing is 6.0 metres along the bridge deck. • A total of 160 cable stays are used at Bandra channel with cable lengths varying from approximately 30 metres to nearly 80 metres.

  18. Project Benefits : • Savings in vehicle operating cost to the tune of Rs.100 crores per annum due to reduction in rush in the existing roads and lower vehicle operating cost on the bridge. • Considerable savings in travel time due to increased speed and reduced delays at intersections at existing roads. The sea-link reduces travel time between Bandra and Worli during peak hours from 60–90 minutes to 20–30 minutes. • Ease in driving with reduced mental tension and overall improvement in the quality of life.

  19. Improvement in environment especially in terms of reduction in carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and reduction in noise pollution in areas of Mahim, Dadar, Prabhadevi and Worli. • Project to have no adverse effect on fisheries, marine life and livelihood of fisherman. • Reduced accidents. • Proper landscaping measures along the approaches and promenade along waterfront to enhance environment of the area.

  20. Additional Features & Facts : • An 8-lane bridge with 2 lanes dedicated for buses. • The Bandra end of the toll plaza has 16 approach lanes. The toll plaza is equipped with an electronic toll collection system.

  21. An intelligent bridge with state - of - art systems for traffic monitoring, surveillance, information and guidance, instrumentation, emergency support etc. • The bridge has a reliable and redundant power supply, backed up by diesel generators and auto mains failure panels for critical loads, such as monitoring, surveillance, emergency equipment and communication services including aviation and obstruction indicators. BWSL exclusively uses energy saving illumination systems.

  22. Night view of Bandra-Worli Sea Link

  23. THANK YOU

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