“The role of the European Union in planning and financing the railways development” By Jean-Arnold Vinois Head of Unit Railway policy and combined transport
307 1970 = base 100 90
The EU fundings for rail infrastructure, an overview: TransEuropean Networks (TEN-T) Cohesion fund European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) ISPA + European Investment Bank loans Research programs
I - The Transeuropean Networks for Transport • Chapter XV of the EU Treaty • Decision 1692/96: the “guidelines” • description of the network • description of eligible railway network • definition of projects of common interest
Projects of common interest • bottlenecks on the network, particularly on TERFN • cross-border projects • interoperability related projects and ERTMS • Essen priority projects • e.g. Torino-Lyon, Brenner...
In MEUROS 413 174 39 19
Total cost of TEN projects about 400 billion euros ! Over 60% of TEN-T funds for rail MEUROS
The Multiannual Indicative Programm (MIP) 2001-2006 (to be adopted) planning over several years about 2.8 billion euros The “non-MIP” credits awarded on annual basis over 1 billion euros (all modes) 10 % for works - up to 50 % for feasibility studies TOTAL 2000-2006: 4.2 billion euros, about 2.5 billion for rail (64%)
II - The Cohesion funds supporting TEN rail projects • Cohesion funds 1993-1999 • Spain, Portugal, Greece, Ireland • financing of TEN-T projects • 8.3 billion euros • Cohesion funds 2000-2006 1993-1999 up to 85 % of the costs of a project
III - The European Regional Development Fund • Investment in transport infrastructure • 1993 -1999 = 15 billion euros for transport ( mainly Spain 6.5, Greece 2.5, Italy 1.8, Ireland 1.4, Portugal 1.3…) • 2000 - 2006 = no share ex ante for transport infrastructure but total ERDF budget amounts to 195 billion euros
IV - The Pilot Action for Combined Transport (PACT) • in 2000 about 33% of the PACT funds went to rail freight projects • preference to projects integrating rail into the supply chain and projects aiming at a quality strategy for rail based combined transport • future program: linked with rail policy objectives (opening of the market, interoperability, quality …) and increased amounts
PHARE ISPA Over the period from 2000 to 2006, a total of EUR 1 040 million a year is to be divided evenly between environmental and transport infrastructure projects. V - Developing the transport network in the accession countries TINA Transport Infrastructure Need Assessment future TEN network ?
VI - The rail related research projects financed by EU funds Key Action Sustainable Mobility and Intermodality • 1st call March 1999: 54 tasks, indicative budget: 90 M€. • Rail projects: CROSSRAIL, PROMAIN, RAIL, STAIRRS and RAILSERV • 2nd call December 1999: 16 tasks, indicative budget: 25 M€. Rail project: IMPROVERAIL (contract to be signed soon) • 3rd call June 2000: 44 tasks, indicative budget: 102 M€. 4 Rail tasks
4th call December 2000: Indicative budget: 45 M€ (No rail tasks; call was open for CIVITAS (sustainable urban transport systems); GALILEO (positioning by satellite) only.) • 5th call June 2001: 16 tasks, indicative budget: 39 M€ Opening date: 1st June 2001, closing date: 17 September 2001 Rail tasks: Targeted Action (TA) SMARTRAIL • SMARTRAIL will open for 4 tasks. Preparation of the 6th PCRD
Conclusion Planning TEN- T (+TINA) Funding TEN-T - Cohesion fund - ERDF -PACT Research projects PHARE - ISPA leverage: national funds, bank loans, PPP, EIB, EIF, EBRD, World Bank...