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Adulthood and Old Age

Adulthood and Old Age

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Adulthood and Old Age

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  1. Adulthood and Old Age Chapter Review

  2. Which of the following does NOT influence patterns of health and disease in old age? • A. Health at younger age • B. Eating habits • C. Exercise • D. Physical strength

  3. Answer: • D Physical Strength

  4. The goal of hospice care is to • A. Improve the quality of life • B. Prolong life. • C. Avoid the use of drugs • D. Cure the patient’s illness

  5. Answer: • A Improve the quality of life.

  6. Brianna is at her physical peak. She is most likely ___years old. • A. 12-18 • B. 18-30 • C. 30-38 • D. 38-50

  7. Answer: • B 18-30

  8. List the stages of adjusting to dying and death as defined by Elizabeth Kubler-Ross.

  9. Answer: • Denial • Anger • Bargaining • Depression • acceptance

  10. Alberto believes that his function in life is to help younger generations by passing on his acquired business wisdom. Erik Erikson would say Alberto is exhibiting • A. Despair • B. Stagnation • C. Generativity • D. Ego integrity

  11. Answer: • C generativity

  12. A possible reaction to the departure from home of a woman’s last child.

  13. Answer: Empty Nest Syndrome

  14. Study of dying and death.

  15. Answer: Thanatology

  16. Memory loss, forgetfulness, disorientation, altered personality, impaired attention.

  17. Answer: Senile Dementia

  18. Ability to use accumulated knowledge in appropriate situations.

  19. Answer: Crystallized Intelligence

  20. Ability to generate new hypotheses.

  21. Answer: Fluid Intelligence

  22. The idea that physical and mental decline is inevitable with age.

  23. Answer: Decremental model of aging.

  24. Elderly people have difficulty retrieving information from memory due to • A. Generativity • B. A decline in the nervous system • C. A loss of fluid intelligence • D. A loss of crystallized intelligence

  25. Answer: B A decline in the nervous system.

  26. Predujice or discrimination against the olderly is called this.

  27. Answer: Ageism

  28. Daniel Levinson described the period in their life when men look over the life choices they have made as this.

  29. Answer: The Age Thirty Crisis.

  30. During this stage, women stop ovulating and menstruating and their production of sex hormonoes drops sharply.

  31. Answer: Menopause

  32. Sissy is struggling through the second stage of dying. This can best described as a stage of • A. Anger • B. Denial • C. Acceptance • D. bargaining

  33. Answer: A Anger

  34. Daniel Levinson’s theory focused on • A. Adolescent males • B. Adult males • C. Elderly females • D. Middle-aged females

  35. Wrinkles first appear in the skin in

  36. Answer: Middle Age

  37. Williams and Johnson have found that no physiological reason exists for halting this activity.

  38. Answer: Sexual Activity.

  39. People may become shorter and develop loose skin in this stage.

  40. Answer: Old Age.

  41. Which of the following is NOT one of the three most common causes of death in later adulthood? • Cancer • Cirrhosis • Alzheimer’s disease • Heart disease

  42. C; Alzheimers

  43. Depression is most common among which group? • Adolescent boys • Adolescent girls • Middle-aged men • Middle-aged women

  44. D; middle-aged women

  45. What did Erik Erikson call a discontinuation of development and desire to recapture the past?

  46. Stagnation!

  47. A stage for women in which major psychological and biological changes occur.

  48. Climateric

  49. Elderly people who experience a loss of control often develop • A fear of dying • A negative self-concept • Rigidity • Alzheimer’s disease

  50. B; a negative self-concept