Brucellosis By: Leah Kasheta
Brucellosis is: • An infectious disease that occurs from contact with other animals carrying the Brucellabacteria. Can spread to humans. • Bacteria is spread by eating/drinking unpasteurized milk or cheese. People that come in contact with animals or meat are most at risk such as slaughterhouse workers, vets, and farmers. Causes: • 4 different types of bacteria • Brucellamelitensis • Brucellasuis • Brucellaabortus • Brucellacanis Brucellamelitensisis the most prevalent and is thought to cause the most severe cases of brucellosis.
Animals most commonly found with brucellosis SHEEP CATTLE GOAT DOGS CAMELS PIGS
Symptoms: • Fever • Sweating • Body aches • Joint pain • Fatigue • Weakness • Dizziness • Headache • Depression • Loss of appetite • Weight loss • Chills • Swollen glands • Symptoms may develop months after exposure. Can be chronic and last for years. • Symptoms can be similar to many other illnesses
Diagnosis: • The similarities between brucellosis and other illnesses make it difficult to diagnose. • Ways to diagnose brucellosis are : • Blood test and blood/tissue cultures • CT scan or MRI • Ultrasound • Lumbar puncture • Joint aspiration • Electrocardiogram
Treatment: • Antibiotics are used to treat the infection and keep it from coming back • Rarely surgery may occur for certain complications • BE CAREFUL! – Relapse may occur and symptoms may come back even after a long period of time Prevention: • Drinking/eating pasteurized milk or cheese • Wearing protective goggles and clothing when handling meat • Vaccinations for cattle • Detecting infected animals