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Leading to Revolution. 8-2.2 Summarize the response of South Carolina to events leading to the American Revolution, including the Stamp Act, the Tea Acts, and the Sons of Liberty. The Road to Revolution…. Events leading to the American Revolution
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Leading to Revolution 8-2.2 Summarize the response of South Carolina to events leading to the American Revolution, including the Stamp Act, the Tea Acts, and the Sons of Liberty.
The Road to Revolution… • Events leading to the American Revolution • British crown and Parliament impose taxes on colonies to pay for F/I War. • Colonists believed was right of their colonial assemblies to impose taxes
French and Indian War Changes Fate of America – YouTube(18:55) Take Notes
The Stamp Act • Most important tax imposed by Parliament (affected all colonies) • Placed a tax/duty on paper • legal documents, playing cards and newspapers colonists paid directly. • Taxes prior to this indirect taxes, paid by the merchants. • Incensed colonists protested “No taxation without representation” • Colonists no representative in Parliament • no colonial voice in Parliament
The Stamp Act • Colonists wanted own colonial assemblies to impose taxes to continue. • Organized Stamp Act Congress • boycott on British goods • led to the repeal of the Stamp Act. • Organized the Sons and Daughters of Liberty in order to protest British taxes.
Sons and Daughters of Liberty • The Sons of Liberty enforced boycotts through persuasion and intimidation. • The Daughters of Liberty engaged in spinning bees (spun own thread and yarn) and refused to buy British products, finding substitutes instead.
British Impose More Taxes • Indirect tax through the Townshend duties • Import taxes on paint, paper, tea, and a variety of other goods. • Colonists unwilling to accept import tax • designed to collect revenue, not regulate trade. • Colonists boycotted and Townshend duties were repealed except for the tax on tea.
The Tea Act • The Tea Act was not a tax • gave British East India Company exclusive rights to sell tea in colonies • Parliament wanted to help company • Parliament—legislature of Great Britain • Colonists boycotting tea because of tax imposed under Townshend Acts.
The Tea Act • The Sons of Liberty feared availability of cheap tea would threaten effectiveness of boycott. • In Boston they threw tea overboard. (Boston Tea Party) • Resulted in passage of the Intolerable Acts. • Colonists sent delegates to a Continental Congress in order to address the problem of the Intolerable Acts.
The Continental Congress • 1774, representatives from across South Carolina met in Charles Town • to elect representatives to the Continental Congress to be held in Philadelphia. • also established a General Committee of 99 to govern the colony instead of the royal governor.
The Continental Congress • Under leadership of Henry Middleton of SC • was elected its president • established a non-importation and non-exportation agreement (a colony wide prohibition against any trade with Great Britain) • SC delegates successfully argued rice was essential to survival of colony, trade in rice was allowed.
“The shot heard ‘round the world” • After Lexington and Concord, Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. • Lexington and Concord—1st military engagement of American Revolutionary War