Using Citation Indexes Ball State University Libraries
In this tutorial… • Learn what a citation index is • Learn how to use a citation index to • Track citations • Research topics • Locate lists of article references
What is a Citation Index? A citation index allows you to trace interconnections among authors citing papers on the same topic, and determine the frequency with which others cite a specific work (an indication of its importance in the literature of the field).
Citation Indexes- based on disciplines • Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI) • Reference AI3 .A63 • Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) • Reference Z7161 .S65 • Science Citation Index (SCI) • Reference Z7401 .S36 • Latest two years in Science-Health Science Library • Older issues in Bracken Library, Reference
Coverage Each index will cover either a five year time span or only one year. Look at the front cover or spine of the index to determine the years that it includes.
Reading Citations Most citations will provide the same information: • Names of author(s)- only last name and first/ second initials are given (EX: Smith A.J.) • Journal information • Name of journal is always abbreviated • Volume, Issue, & Page Number
Sample Citation Author name Journal Info
There are four parts to each citation index; and each part provides different information. Source Index Citation Index Permuterm Subject Index Corporate Index Parts of Citation Index
Source Index Use the Source Index to find current articles by known authors, and to locate full bibliographic descriptions. Authors are listed alphabetically by their last names.
Source Index Article Citation Works Cited (articles the author used in his/her research)
Citation Index Use the Citation Index to find recent articles which cite earlier, known works. The Citation Index is an alphabetical list of references given in bibliographies and footnotes of source articles, and is arranged alphabetically by the name of the first author.
Citation Index Author’s article Author name Citing article (used Renoux’s article in their research)
Permuterm Subject Index Use the Permuterm Subject Index to find current articles that have words of interest in their titles. To locate the full citation for current articles you find listed in the Permuterm Subject Index you will need to then look up the author’s name in the Source Index.
A Note on Permuterm What does Permuterm mean? The citation indexes take two important terms find the title of each article to include in the subject index. One term is the Primary term (most important) and this is listed first in the subject index. It is paired with an additional important term.
Permuterm SubjectIndex Primary Subject Term SA= see also references Co-Terms Author Names
Corporate Index Use the Corporate Index to find current articles of interest when a corporate or academic institution is known to publish work on the topic. The Corporate Index is divided into two sections: Geographic and Organization.
Corporate Index-Geographic Items in this section are arranged by the location of the author’s organization: • Country and city (for foreign countries) • State and City (for United States)
Corporate Index- Geographic Location Organization Source Author & Article
Corporate Index- Organization This section is arranged alphabetically by the name of the organization and also gives their geographic location. To locate articles from these organizations you would then need to look them up by location.
Corporate Index- Organization Organization Location
How does it all work The following is an example of how one might use this resource. The topic of my paper is self-efficacy. I’ll start by looking for articles using the Permuterm Subject Index.
Permuterm subject Index Here is the subject listing for self-efficacy. I’m really interested in how this topic relates to beliefs. I then need to take the author’s name (Barling J) and look it up in the Source Index.
Source Index Here is the entry in the source index for Barling J’s article on self-efficacy and beliefs. It gives me the complete citation for his article; plus all of the other works that he used in his research.
Source Index Notice the box around Bandura A. If I want to see who else has used this same article in their research I can find Bandura in the Citation Index.
Citation Index Here is the listing for Bandura in the Citation Index. Notice under “80 Cognitive Therapy RE” that Barling J is listed. Two other people also cited this same article. I can go back to the Source Index and look at their articles.
Source Index This is another person who cited Bandura’s article.
Locating Items To locate articles at BSU Libraries • Look for the journal title using the Libraries’ catalog CardCat • If BSU Libraries does not have the journal volume you need OR you are a distance education student please request the article through Interlibrary Loan Services
Additional Help • Schedule an appointment with a Reference Librarian • Email a Librarian • Live Chat • Reference Desk (765) 285-1101