Review – Form and Structure “What is the Big Idea?” – Unit 3
Remember our house building? • Structure – the foundation or organization of a poem or play (Drama). • Poem: • Narrative • Lyric • Sonnet • Free Verse • Play (Drama): • Act • Scene • Stage Directions
Now for the inside…. • Form is the furniture or wallpaper of the poem or drama (play) – what makes the poem or play enjoyable? • Poem: • Alliteration • Stanza • Imagery • Figure of Speech – simile, metaphor, personification • Symbol • Rhyme – Rhyme Scheme • Drama (play): • Dialogue • Monologue • Soliloquy
Time for a game! • In groups of four, you will receive a copy of the poem “Jabberwocky” by Lewis Carroll. • Read over the poem and write down anything you notice about the poem in terms of form and structure. • Then, grab a dry erase board. • Each team will have an opportunity to answer a question related to form or structure. • They must do so within one minute of question being shown. • A point will be awarded to each team for a correct answer. • Otherwise, the other teams will have an opportunity to steal for a point – it is a benefit to keep up!
Any questions? • Beyond this, we are going to play!
Question 1: Structure • What is the overall structure of the poem “Jabberwocky?” • Please find a piece of evidence to support your answer.
Answer – Question 1 • This is a narrative because the poem tells a story about the jabberwock and a man’s journey to kill him. • A line to support this… “Beware the Jabberwock, my son.”
Question 2 – Form • In Stanza 1, there is at least one form present. • Please name that form and write down where the form may be found.
Answer – Question 2 • Possible Answers – examples of Form • Rhyme Scheme – end rhyme (abab) • Stanza – A set of consecutive lines broken up in paragraph-like forms. • Alliteration – the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.
Question 3 – Structure • What does the poem mean? • How does the structure of the poem contribute to this meaning?
Answer – Question 3 • The poem is a story about a creature called a jabberwock and a young man who tries to kill him. • The man is successful and becomes a legend in the community. • The narrative structure contributes to the overall meaning because the no limit on length. This allows for an entire story to be told and much more detail to be present.
Question 4 – Form • Name another form present in Stanza 1. Look carefully! • Provide a piece of evidence to support your answer.
Answer – Question 4 • Alliteration is also present in Stanza 1. • A quote to support this is: “Did gyre and gimble in the wabe” – repeats the “g” sound.
Question 5 – Form • How would one of the two forms in Stanza 1 of “Jabberwocky” contribute to the overall meaning of the poem?
Answer – Question 5 • Rhyme Scheme – This form contributes to the overall meaning of the poem by making the reader interested from the beginning. I know this because when reading this, we are not sure what the poem is about. However, the rhyme scheme strikes interest and makes me keep reading. • Alliteration – This form contributes to the overall meaning of the poem by keeping the reader guessing of what the words mean, therefore making the reader continue reading.
Question 6 – Structure • How does the overall organization of the poem contribute to the overall meaning?
Answer – Question 6 • The organization of the poem is in stanzas. This contributes to the overall meaning of the poem because the poem tells a story. Each stanza tells the story of the man slaying the jabberwocky in chronological order, or the order of events. I know this because the story begins with a father’s warning and progresses to the man finding the jabberwocky – killing him.
Question 7 – Form • In Stanza 2, how does imagery contribute to the overall meaning of the poem?
Answer – Question 7 • Imagery in Stanza 2 contributes to the overall meaning of the poem through the vivid description of the jabberwock that the son (man) wants to kill. • A quote to support this is: “Beware the Jabberwock, my son; the jaws that bite, the claws that catch.” • This provides detail of how vicious and awful the jabberwock is – which shows why the man kills him, to save his family.
Question 8 – Form • Stanza 6 contains two examples of the same type of form. • What form is this? • Use evidence from the stanza to support your answer.
Answer – Question 8 • Stanza 6 uses Alliteration twice in order to show how excited the father was that his son had slain the jabberwock. • Examples: • “Come to my arms, my beamish boy!” • “O frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!"
FINAL QUESTIONS? • Are there any last minute questions for the assessment tomorrow?