Civil War Project1861-1865 DIRECTIONS: Save this file in your student drive as Your Name Civil War. Begin work.
Drifting Toward Civil War During the mid-eighteenth century, the slavery debate was becoming increasingly acrimonious as free and slave states competed for western territory and control of Congress. By 1861, the country is deeply divided and on the brink of hostilities. South Carolina, Mississippi, and Alabama have already seceded from the Union and other southern states are following their lead. Study the two maps on the right, and in two to three sentences summarize the pattern(s) visible. INSERT YOUR TEXT HERE. http://lincoln.lib.niu.edu/fimage/lincolnimages/us_1860_slvden_040201_400.jpg
Your life YOU are living in the United States in 1861 when war breaks out. Where are you living? On the next pages you will explore several options. Read pages 4-15 carefully and make a choice once you have explored all of the options.
Northern options • You are a free African-American merchant living in Weeksville, New York, a thriving area in lower Manhattan with businesspeople and professionals such as doctors, teachers, etc. It is nice living in the relative safety of the North, but even here can be dangerous at times. The area sometimes harbors fugitive slaves… • http://onlytheblogknowsbrooklyn.typepad.com/only_the_blog_knows_brook/2009/03/weeksville-19th-century-african-american-brooklyn-community.html
Northern options • You are an iron worker in one of the villages of Pennsylvania or here in Farmingdale, New Jersey. Your job is physically demanding under hot and dangerous working conditions with long hours. There is not a lot of money left over after the rent is paid and the food is bought…well, let’s be honest, sometimes there is no money left over and you’ve had to buy on store credit. It’s really hard to get ahead when you keep falling behind. But there’s a job opening at the foundry, and nine-year-old Jacob can probably do the job. That son of your doesn’t need to go to school anyway… • http://www.librarycompany.org/collections/prints/benslens/archive/benslens_Nov06.htm
Northern options • You live in a Rhode Island, New York, Maine, or Connecticut farmhouse rising with the sun to work your crops or tend to your family. Most of your crops are for your own consumption though you do sell some for an extremely modest living. Your daughter Angelique is working in the dress factory in New York and is occasionally sending money home to help. • http://www.pbase.com/rcorreia/image/68885365
Northern options • Your family resides in one of the row houses in Philadelphia, and you can easily trace your family to the American Revolution. You work for one of the local merchants and enjoy a respectable middle class life. • http://thephillypretzel.com/2009/05/20/the-philadelphia-rowhouse/
Southern Options • You live in a row houses (top) on one of Savannah’s tree lined squares. During the day, you work in the Cotton Exchange (bottom) by the river shipping King Cotton to England. You love the beautiful simplicity of the city that Oglethorpe built and the bustling of the merchants dealing with white gold.
Southern Options • Your home is New Orleans. During the day, you work in the market by the Mississippi River selling fruit. Some days the money feeds your family and fills your pockets. Most days…oh well “Laissez le Bon temp rouler.” • http://consciencecontinuum.blogspot.com/ • http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Marigny12June06PurpleHouse2.jpg
Southern Options • Ah, Charleston…you love sitting on the porch of your house on the battery between the Ashley and Cooper rivers. From there you can watch the barges loaded with cotton…and the beautiful flare of the bombardment on Fort Sumter.
Southern Options • Your Alabama plantation is quite secluded, but you much prefer the quiet life. After all, it is like your own little kingdom surrounded by miles of cotton. You are often entertaining your friends, so company is varied and enjoyable. You have a nice house, lots of property, but little spendable cash. It’s expensive maintaining the proper image.
Southern Options • You are part of the farming middle class in Virginia. Your house is more modest and you work in the fields beside you help, if you have any besides your family. Like your northern counterpart, you farm for food, but you also have some cotton. It doesn’t hurt to dream…
Southern Options • You live in the hill country…it may be North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, or any of the many little communities in the South. Trips to town are few and far between. You rely on hunting and farming to fill your belly. Hey, what’s that moving in the bushes? Jimbo, grab your gun…
Southern Options • You are the reason why King Cotton has made the South rich; you are the slave. You wake up at dawn and work to dusk picking cotton. It’s hard work and the only reward for stopping to rest might be the overseer’s whip. Sure wish you worked in the big house; things are a little easier there… http://www.gwu.edu/~folklife/bighouse/panel15.html Thornhill, Alabama http://www.gwu.edu/~folklife/bighouse/images/xvii2.jpg
Western Options • You live on a farm in west Texas, Oklahoma, or Kansas. You have no neighbors for miles, and it gets pretty lonely sometimes. You’ve found that the soil is pretty unforgiving, but you’re eeking out a living. At least you own your own land. You’re even thinking about raising some cattle instead of farming. It looks easier anyway. • http://www.countryliving.com/homes/house-tours/19th-century-house-renovation-0908
Your life • After reading pages 4-15, develop your persona in a six-to-eight sentence paragraph. In your discussion, consider the following information: age, gender, race socio-economic status, employment, home, location. Go back and delete all of the slides from pages 4-15 which are not relevant to your selected home. • INSERT TEXT HERE
Fort Sumter • Research the battle on the internet. Begin with Mary Boykin Chestnut’s diary on http://www.dannychesnut.com/SCCHES/WEBPG/mcbook.html#mches21. Go down to page 32-41 beginning at April 8. After reading her first person account, research at least one other site. Then write five sentences summarizing the battle. Your sentences should reflect your feelings about the battle from whatever side you’ve chosen. • ENTER TEXT HERE.
Presidents • Insert pictures of the two war leaders above. Provide a link to the photos here.
Capitols • Insert pictures of the three national capitols (one Union, two Confederate). Provide a link to the photos here.
Union or Confederacy • WAR HAS BEGUN!!! In many communities across both the North and South, large crowds gather and young men volunteer to serve. Will you join the north and help Abe Lincoln keep the Union together or do you prefer to support the southern cause of states’ right? In two to three sentences, discuss which side will you support and why. (Be realistic based on the persona you developed.) • INSERT TEXT HERE. • http://www.aadl.org/gallery/aafounders/Tappan-Civil-War.jpg.html
Union or Confederacy • You’ve joined (or your brother boyfriend has) the army. Based on your life, which army are you in? If you are fighting for the North, you will either enlist in the Army of the Potomac or the Army of Tennessee. If you are fighting for the South, you will enlist in the Army of Northern Virginia, the Army of the Potomac, or the Army of Tennessee. Go to http://www.civilwarhome.com/civilwararmies.htm to help you with the next few pages. Answer these questions: 1) When did the army form? 2) Of what states was the army composed? 3) What generals were in command (keep in chronological order if command changed). 4) In what major campaigns and/or battles did that army participate? INSERT TEXT HERE.
Rate of pay • Depending on your social and/or economic status, you are assigned a rank. Write three to four sentences telling what rank you are, how you were assigned that rank, and how much you are making. • ENTER TEXT HERE. Insert a picture of a Civil War soldier of proper attire and rank. Insert link to picture here.
Rate of pay • Go to Measuring Worth and enter your rate of pay in 1861 to determine how much that is worth in current U.S. dollars: ENTER ANSWER HERE Insert a picture of Union or Confederate dollars depending on which army you are in. Insert link to picture.
Commander • Research the commander of your army. On the next page, write a letter home (or you have received this letter from your soldier) describing your commander and what it is like to fight under him. At the end of the letter, provide the links you used from which to draw your characterization. • Find a picture of the commander of your army and insert above. • INSERT LINK TO PICTURE HERE
Commander • INSERT LETTER TEXT HERE. • Find a different picture of the same leader from slide 24. • INSERT LINK TO PICTURE HERE
Army conditions • Research the army conditions including housing, entertainment, food rations, discipline, injury, imprisonment, etc. Choose two topics and write short 200 word article which will be in a contemporary newspaper. Complete article on the next page. • INSERT TWO TOPICS HERE. Article text will be on the next page. • Find a picture of a Civil War newspaper and insert above. • INSERT LINK TO PICTURE HERE
Army conditions • INSERT ARTICLE TEXT HERE. Find a Civil War photograph which matches your article. Insert link to picture here.
Battles • Research the battles and/or major engagements in which your army participated. Choose one battle and complete the following: 1) date, 2) location, 3) strategic importance, 4) important leaders both sides, 5) victor, 6) # of casualties, and 7) result in reference to the war effort as a whole. • INSERT TEXT HERE. • Find a picture of the battle or a map or picture of the battlefield. • INSERT LINK TO PICTURE HERE
Women’s Role • Research the roles of women during the war. In a six to eight sentence paragraph, discuss some of the options for women, find an example of a real woman from the war, and provide links to your sources. • ENTER TEXT HERE Insert picture of woman you discussed. Insert link to picture.
Appomattox Courthouse • The war is winding to a close. As a yankee, you can expect to return home to your life; as a rebel, you don’t know if there will be a home. Read through these links on Lee’s surrender. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/appomatx.htmhttp://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/SurrenderatAppomattox.htmhttp://www.nps.gov/archive/apco/surrend.htm. In a six-to-eight sentence paragraph, reflect on your feelings as the war ends. • ENTER TEXT HERE.
Don’t forget Alabama… • Look through Civil War actions in Alabama. Some places/things to examine include the White Houes of the Confederacy in Montgomery, Nathan Bedford Forrest’s actions through North Alabama, Janney Furnace, Selma, and Mobile. Make a list in bullet form (complete sentences not needed) describing at two Alabama events. • ENTER TEXT HERE.
Works Referenced • Choose three sources and properly document her. • ENTER TEXT HERE.