Chapter 20 Regulation of Advertising and Promotion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 20 Regulation of Advertising and Promotion

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  1. Chapter 20Regulation of Advertisingand Promotion

  2. SelfRegulation StateRegulation Federal Regulation Advertising Controls

  3. Regulation and Control of Advertising • Regulatory concerns • Nature and content of the ad • Potential of the ad to offend, exploit, mislead, and/or deceive consumers • Self regulation: Voluntary internal regulation practiced and promoted within an industry

  4. Self-Regulation by Trade Associations • Industries prone to controversy develop their own advertising guidelines • Many professions maintain guidelines through local, state, and national organizations

  5. Self-Regulation by Businesses • Better Business Bureau (BBB): Promotes fair advertising and selling practices across industries at the local level • Council of Better Business Bureaus:Provide effective control over advertising practices at the national level

  6. Advertising Self-Regulatory Council (ASRC) • Earlier known as the National Advertising Review Council (NARC) • Mission - To sustain high standards of truth and accuracy in national advertising • Advertising Accountability Program - Regulates online behavioral advertising (OBA) across the Internet

  7. National Advertising Division of the Council of Better Business Bureaus (NAD) • Examines product performance, superiority, scientific and technical claims • Has lawyers to scrutinize all types of media to find misleading advertisements • Helps various industries to develop effective self-regulatory programs

  8. National Advertising Review Board (NARB) • Appealed for additional review by advertisers who disagree with NAD’s findings • Composed of advertising professionals and prominent public interest members

  9. CARU Activities • General activities • Review and evaluate child-directed advertising in all media • Oversee online privacy issues that affect children • Advise advertisers and agencies • Maintain self-regulatory guidelines for children’s advertising

  10. Mission of the ERSP Enhance consumer confidence in electronic retailing Discourage advertising and marketing in the electronic retailing industry that contains unsubstantiated claims Demonstrate a commitment to meaningful and effective self-regulation

  11. Self-Regulation by Advertising Associations American Association of Advertising Agencies Actively Monitoring and Policing Advertising Practices American AdvertisingFederation Advertisers Agencies Media Advertising Clubs

  12. Advertising Associations • American Association of Advertising Agencies (AAAA) - Issues guidelines for specific types of advertising • American Advertising Federation (AAF) • Has standards for truthful and responsible advertising • Involved in advertising legislation • Influences agencies to abide by its code and principles

  13. Self-Regulation by Media Newspapers and magazines • Have requirements and restrictions depending on the size and nature of the publication • Some test the products advertised and offer refunds if they are later found to be defective Television and radio • Major TV networks have incorporated the NAB codes into their standards • All commercials intended for airing on a network or an affiliate has to be reviewed • Network standards change constantly

  14. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco, and Firearms U.S. Postal Service Federal Regulation of Advertising

  15. Major Divisions of the FTC Bureau of Competition • Seeks to prevent business practices that restrain competition • Enforces antitrust laws Bureau of Economics • Provides economic analysis and support to antitrust and consumer protection investigations • Analyzes the impact of government regulation on competition and consumers Bureau of Consumer Protection • Protects consumers against unfair, deceptive, or fraudulent practices • Investigates and litigates practices alleged to be unfair to consumers

  16. Likelihood of misleading consumer Perspective of reasonable consumer Materiality – misrepresentation or practice is likely to affect consumers’ purchase decision Deceptive Advertising

  17. Bayer – “The wonder drug that works wonders” BMW – “The ultimate driving machine” Nestlé – “The very best chocolate” Snapple – “Made from the best stuff on earth” Puffery

  18. Ways the FTC Handles Deceptive Advertising FTC programs to prevent deceptive advertising FTC programs to deal with deceptive advertisingafter it occurs AffirmativeDisclosure Cease-and-Desist Orders ConsentOrders Advertising Substantiation CorrectiveAdvertising

  19. Federal Communications Commission Food and Drug Administration Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms U.S. Postal Service Additional Federal Regulatory Agencies Additional federal regulatory agenciesand departments that regulateadvertising and promotion

  20. The Lanham Act • Prohibits any false description or representation • To win a false advertising lawsuit containing a comparative claim, one must prove that: • False statements have been made about the advertiser’s or one’s product • Ads deceived or had the tendency to deceive a substantial segment of the audience • Deception was material or meaningful and can influence purchase decisions • Falsely advertised products or services are sold in interstate commerce • One will incur loss of sales or of goodwill as a result of the false statements

  21. National Association of Attorneys General (NAAG) • Regulates: • Airfare advertising • Car-rental price advertising • Advertising dealing with nutrition and health claims in food ads

  22. Regulation of Sales Promotion • Contests and sweepstakes - Marketers must ensure that: • Contest or sweepstake cannot be classified as lottery • Full disclosure of the promotion is made • Premium • Marketers should list its value as the price at which the merchandise is sold • Trade allowances • Should follow the stipulations of the Robinson-Patman Act

  23. Self-regulation occurs through various industry groups Regulation of Direct Marketing FTC & US Postal Service police direct-response ads closely Telemarketing facesincreased regulation Telephone Consumer Protection Act Pay-per-call Rule FTC “Do-not-call” Registry

  24. Marketing on the Internet • Undisclosed profiling of consumers by web marketers is a major concern • Network Advertising Initiative (NAI) • Created by companies that collect Internet usage data • Provides self-regulatory codes • Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA):Restricts collecting information from children via the Internet

  25. Regulation of Social Media • Safeguarding of personal information • Guidelines for online endorsements • Online endorsers and bloggers must disclose any material connection to company or brand • Paid endorsers posting on social media and e-commerce sites • Must identify themselves as such

  26. CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 email rules Conspicuous notice of the right to opt-out A functioning Internet-based mechanism that a recipient may use to opt out of future commercial e-mail messages Clear and conspicuous identification that the message is an advertisement A valid physical postal address for the sender Anti-Spamming Legislation